FIRST AMENDMENT TO DEVELOPMENT AND
This FIRST A~NDMJ?,NT TO DEVELOLPMENT AND REIMBURSEMENT AGREEMENT
("Agreement") is made~~ (,2022 ("Effective Date") between the City of Muskegon
Brownfield Redevelopment Authority ("Authority"), a Michigan public body corporate, with an
address of 933 Terrace Street, Muskegon, MI 49440 ("Authority"), City of Muskegon, a Michigan
Municipal Corporation ("City"), with an address of 933 Terrace St., Muskegon, MI 49440, and Adelaide
Pointe Qozb, LLC ("APQ"), with an address of 1204 W. Western Avenue, Muskegon, MI 49441.
Authority, City and APQ are at times referred to as a "Pa1ty" or together as "Parties".
APQ owns approximately 30 acres of waterfront brownfield property which is located at the west
end of West Western Avenue within the City of Muskegon.
The City owns ce1tain prope1ty adjacent to, and to the east of, the APQ Prope1ty commonly known
as Hmtshorn Marina which the City has previously used for public small boat slip rentals and related
activities. The APQ Prope1ty and the City Prope1ty may be collectively referred to as the "Property".
APQ and the City have entered into a "Cooperative Use and Development Agreement" which
substantiates APQ's and the City's desire to a) utilize each other's specified property for beneficial use b)
cooperate in the pursuit of funding for improvements to each other's Property c) assist one another with
applications and approvals for improvements and d) make improvements as specified in the APQ PUD
approved by the City Commission on September 13, 2022.
APQ intends to develop the Prope1ty for mixed uses including boat storage, boat dockage, in-out
boat service, marinas, residential condominiums, commercial uses, and open space and recreational areas
("Development"). The specific improvements to be included in the Development will be defined in the
Cooperative Use Agreement, addendums to this Agreement and the Planned Unit Development Agreement
("PUD") to be submitted to the City ("Development Agreements").
Authority, City and APQ entered into a Development and Reimbursement Agreement effective
_ _, 202 which was approved by the Authority on November 9, 2021 and by the City on November
23, 2021. Pursuant to that Agreement, APQ and City were to perform "eligible activities" and be
reimbursed, as defined and provided for in that Agreement.
The Parties agree as follows and that to the extent this Agreement and the
Development and Reimbursement Agreement vary, this Agreement shall control:
1. Background. The Patties agree the Background paragraphs are true and correct and are
incorporated into the body of this Agreement.
2. Improvements. APQ will develop both the APQ Prope1ty and the City Property as a
mixed-use development including boat storage, boat dockage, in-out boat service, marinas,
residential condominiums, commercial uses, and open space and recreational areas.
3. Indemnity and Insurance. APQ holds the City harmless and will indemnify the City for
any liability, including attorney fees, resulting from the engineering, design and
construction of the Project. City and APQ will name the other on their respective general
liability insurance policies.
4. Changes, Standards and Dedication. All improvements must be made according to the
plans and specifications of the APQ PUD approved by the City. All construction of Public
Improvements must be completed to the standards established by the City of Muskegon
("City Standard"). The City will accept a dedication of all or any portion of the Public
Improvements only if built to City Standards.
5. Addendum Presentation. APQ shall, from time to time, present addendums to the City
that detail discrete development projects that improve the Propetty according to the PUD.
To the extent the addendums addresses "eligible expenses" and expenses to be reimbursed
by the Authority, the addendums shall also be provided to the Authority for purposes of
Amending the Development and Reimbursement Agreement and the Brownfield Plan.
These addendum shall detail Authority, City and APQ obligations to one another and shall
include but not be limited to:
a. Architectural and/or Engineering drawings
b. Construction schedules
c. Construction budgets
d. Itemization of relevant Brownfi,eld Reimbursements that will be paid to APQ by City
e. Proof of financing
6. Addendum Approvals. Upon receiving necessary Authority and City approvals of each
Addendum all parties shall be obligated to· perform under the obligations detailed in the
addendum. Approvals by Authority and City shall not be unreasonably withheld if they
are compliant with improvements approved in APQ's PUD.
7. Funding for Brownfield Reimbursements.
a. Bonds for roads, water mains and sewer mains. The City or Authority, in the City's
and Authority's sole discretion as to which is the borrower, upon approval of an
Addendum shall sell municipal bonds in an amount equal to the total amount necessary
to pay for roads, water mains, and sewer mains on the Property required by the
addendum, supported by engineering and construction bids itemized in the
addendum(s) to this Agreement. City or Authority shall be entitled to retain an
engineer of its choosing to review all drawings and inspect all amenities that are
expected to be eventually turned over to the City in order to insure that the amenities
are constructed to city standards, to develop as-built drawings, and otherwise represent
the City and Authority on the construction of the public amenities. The cost of the
City's or Authority's retained engineer shall be paid for from the bond. At no point
may the Authority's and City's total borrowing, whether still outstanding or not,
exceed an aggregate amount of $10,500,000, including the cost of Civil Engineering
expenses paid by APQ up until the date of this agreement and the City's or Authority's
engineer. The bond proceeds shall be available to reimburse APQ the costs related to
the costs for roads, water mains and sewer mains approved in the itemization of
Brownfield Reimbursements detailed in each addendum. APQ may apply to the
Authority for draw of such bond proceeds. If the draw request includes the proper
documentation, the Authority will pay the draw within 15 days ofreceipt of the request,
subject to and in accordance with the following requirements and conditions.
i. All draw requests shall be in writing together with all supp01ting
documentation, including receipts, and not be made more frequent than 30 day
11. Each draw request shall include the most recent Sworn Statement and
corresponding lien waiver from every contractor, sub-contractor, and
supplier who will be paid from that draw.
b. Brownfield Tax Increment Financing. APQ has submitted to the Authority an
amendment to the current brownfield plan. Pursuant to the Brownfield Redevelopment
Financing Act, Act 381 of the Public Acts of Michigan of 1996 as amended ( "Act
381 ") the Authority adopted the brownfield plan amendment on October 12, 2021 (the
"Brownfield Plan Amendment") to add the APQ Property.
1. The Prope1ty is included in the Brownfield Plan Amendment as an "eligible
property" because it is a "facility" as defined by Part 201 of the Natural
Resources and Environmental Protection Act ( "Pait 201 ").
ii. Neither the City nor APQ is a liable paity, under Pait 201, for remediation of
any existing contamination on the Prope1ty.
iii. APQ has and will continue to conduct Eligible Activities (as defined in Act
3 81) on the Prope1ty to address environmental and other brownfield
conditions, in addition to the construction of roads, water mains and sewer
mains, in a collaborative eff01t to position the Property for redevelopment.
Actual expenditures by the Paities to unde1take eligible environmental
activities on the Prope1ty are estimated to be $35 million dollars not including
interest. Eligible demolition and site preparation costs incurred by these same
pa1ties is estimated to exceed $13 million dollars. These efforts are aimed at
facilitating the redevelopment of the Prope1ty as a transformational mixed-use
project, including residential and various commercial uses (the "Project").
iv. The Project will include demolition activities, performance of baseline
environmental assessment activities, due care and other environmental
response activities, site preparation activities, demolition activities,
construction of infrastructure improvements, Brownfield Plan Amendment
and work plan preparation, contingency, interest and other Eligible Activities,
all as described in the Brownfield Plan Amendment and eligible for
reimbursement under Act 381.
v. The cost of Eligible Activities may be incurred by the City and APQ, The total
cost of the Eligible Activities in the Brownfield Plan Amendment, including
contingencies, is estimated to be $35 million dollars (the "Total Eligible
Brownfield TIF Costs"). To accommodate the lapse in time from when costs
of Eligible Activities are incurred to when tax increment revenues become
available for reimbursement of those costs, interest at the rate of 5% per annum
is also included in the Brownfield Plan Amendment in the estimated total
amount of $28 million dollars (collectively, the interest plus the costs of
Eligible Activities are referred to as the "Total Eligible Brownfield TIF
vi. The Eligible Activities will facilitate redevelopment of the Property which will
improve the environmental and aesthetic condition of the Property, increase
employment within the City, increase tax base within the City, and otherwise
enhance the economic vitality, environmental health and quality of life in the
vii. Act 381 permits the Authority to capture and use the school tax (where
applicable), if permitted by the state, and local property tax revenues (both real
and personal prope1ty) generated from the incremental increase in prope11y
value of a redeveloped brownfield site constituting an "eligible prope1ty"
under Act 3 81 to pay or to reimburse the cost of Eligible Activities conducted
on the "eligible prope1ty" (the "Brownfield TIF Revenue").
viii. In accordance with Act 3 81, the parties desire to establish a procedure for using
the available Brownfield TIF Revenue generated from the Prope1ty to
reimburse the City and APQ for completion of Eligible Activities on the
Prope1ty in amounts not to exceed the Total Eligible Brownfield TIF Costs.
ix. During the Term (defined below) of this Agreement, the Authority shall
reimburse the City first for the total cost of the bonds (principal, interest and
transaction costs) incurred and to be incurred for roads, water mains and sewer
mains and after the City has been paid the amount the City has committed to
pay APQ for the roads, water mains and sewer mains, then to APQ for the cost
of Eligible Activities conducted on the Prope1ty from the Brownfield TIF
Revenue collected from the Property in accordance with the Brownfield Plan
Amendment, unless modified by later addendums or amendments. The amount
reimbursed to the APQ for the Eligible Activities shall not exceed the lesser of
(a) the cost of Eligible Activities incurred by the Property Owner plus interest,
or (b) the Total Eligible Brownfield TIF Costs plus interest. The Authority
shall capture Brownfield TIF Revenue from the Prope11y and reimburse the
City for the cost of the bonds (principal, interest and transaction costs) for
roads, water mains and sewer mains and APQ for the cost of Eligible Activities
incurred by the Patties until the earlier of the Patties being fully reimbursed or
December 31, 2056 ("Term"). If the Term ends before the full reimbursement
of all Total Eligible Brownfield TIF Costs, the last reimbursement payment by
the Authority shall be the summer and winter tax increment collected during
the final year of this Agreement.
x. Reimbursement payments shall be made on a semi-annual basis as incremental
local and school taxes are captured and available.
xi. During the term of this Agreement, the Authority shall capture all approved
and authorized Brownfield TIF Revenue from the Prope11y and use those
revenues as provided in this Agreement.
xii. Intentionally left blank.
xiii. Reimbursement Process.
1. APQ shall periodically submit to the Authority a "Request for Cost
Reimbursement" of Eligible Activities paid for by APQ during the
term of this Agreement. All costs for the Eligible Activities must be
consistent with the approved Brownfield Plan Amendment. APQ must
include documentation sufficient for the Authority to determine
whether the costs incurred were for Eligible Activities, including
detailed construction draws or invoices and proof of payment or lien
waivers. Copies of all invoices for Eligible Activities must note what
Eligible Activities they support.
2. Within fo11y-five (45) days after a Request for Cost Reimbursement
has been reviewed and approved by the City's or Authority's engineer
as required in Section 7.a and reviewed and approved by the Authority
or designate as to whether it is an "eligible expense", and after the
Authority or City has been fully paid for roads, water mains and sewer
mains, the Authority shall pay to APQ the amounts for which
submissions have been made pursuant to this Agreement, less a 10%
retainage until all of the water mains, sewer mains and road
construction is completed and accepted by the City. The Authority's
obligation to pay APQ is limited to available Brownfield TIF Revenue
from the Prope11y.
3. All requests for Cost reimbursement submitted by APQ for each
approved Addendum between City, APQ, and the City of Muskegon
Brownfield Redevelopment Authority and all requests for cost
reimbursement submitted by future owners of all or a po11ion of the
APQ Prope11y pursuant to a separate Development and
Reimbursement Agreement(s), shall be reimbursed in the order in
which they are received by the City of Muskegon Brownfield
Redevelopment Authority from the portion of the Brownfield TIF
revenue, excluding the po11ion to be paid to City which shall be paid
first, as described above.
4. The Patties shall cooperate with the Authority's review by providing
information and documentation to supplement the Request for Cost
Reimbursement which may be reasonably requested by the Authority
during its review period.
5. All or any p011ion of any Request for Cost Reimbursement that is not
paid within 45 days after receipt by the Authority shall accrue simple
interest at the rate of five percent (5%) per annum from the date the
Request for Cost Reimbursement is submitted to the Authority for
payment until the earlier of the date of full reimbursement, including
interest. The payment of interest shall be subject to the following
limitations (i) to the extent there is not sufficient Brownfield TIF
Revenue captured and collected in a fiscal year and permitted to be
used to pay interest accruing in such fiscal year, any unpaid interest
shall not be paid, but shall carry over to the next fiscal year, (ii) interest
carried over to subsequent fiscal years shall not accrue interest (i.e.,
no interest on interest), and (iii) interest on School Taxes captured
shall only be payable to the extent permitted by the Michigan Strategic
Fund ( "MSF ") and/or the Michigan Department of Environment,
Great Lakes and Energy ( "MEGLE ").
6. The Authority shall have no obligation to reimburse the City or any
other entity for Eligible Costs or interest from Brownfield TIF
Revenue captured after 3 5 years after the date of the adoption of the
Development and Reimbursement Agreement.
xiv. Allocation of Base Value and Priority of Reimbursements.
1. The initial taxable value of the Propetty as of the date of this
Agreement is $903,810, as set forth in the Brownfield Plan
Amendment ( "Base Value"). If the Property is divided into two or
more separate taxable parcels in connection with the development of
the Project, the Base Value shall be allocated to each resulting parcel
based upon the relative number of square feet of each parcel. The Base
Value allocated to a separate undeveloped parcel in this manner shall
be the base value of that parcel for purposes of calculating Brownfield
TIF Revenue, regardless of when any Development and
Reimbursement Agreement is entered into in connection with the
redevelopment of that parcel. Brownfield TIF Revenue generated
from any separate parcel divided from the Prope11y after the date of
this Agreement shall be available for reimbursement of the
Authority's Administrative Fee and payment of all requests for cost
reimbursement submitted by owners of all or any portion of the
2. Notwithstanding any provision in this Agreement to the contrary, the
Authority's annual TIF Management Administrative Fee, as described
in the Brownfield Plan Amendment, shall be paid to the Authority
each year to the extent that Brownfield TIF Revenue has been captured
and collected during that year, prior to the payment of any Request for
1. Until the cost of eligible activities is fully reimbursed, APQ agrees to
waive any appeal of any tax assessment or reassessment of any pot1ion
of the Prope11y; provided, however, that this waiver shall not be
binding on any person or entity who acquires title to all or any portion
of the Prope1ty after the date of this Agreement.
2. If, due to an appeal of any tax assessment or reassessment of any
portion of the Property, or for any other reason the Authority is
required to reimburse any Brownfield TIF Revenue previously paid to
the City, APQ or any future owner to any tax levying unit of
government, the Authority may deduct the amount of any such
reimbursement, including interest and penalties, from any amounts
due and owing the City and APQ. If all amounts due the City and APQ
under this Agreement have been fully paid or the Authority is no
longer obligated to make any fmther payments to the City or APQ, the
Authority shall invoice the City and APQ for the amount of such
reimbursement and the City and APQ shall pay the Authority such
invoiced amount within 45 days of receipt of the invoice. Amounts
invoiced and paid to the Authority by the City or APQ pursuant to this
Section shall be reinstated as Eligible Activities for which the City and
APQ shall have the opportunity to be reimbursed in accordance with
the terms, conditions and limitations of this Agreement.
xvi. Legislative Authorization.
This Agreement is governed by and subject to the restrictions set fo11h in Act
381. If there is legislation enacted in the future that alters or affects the amount
of Brownfield TIF Revenue subject to capture, eligible prope11y, or Eligible
Activities, then the Property Owner's rights and the Authority's obligations
under this Agreement shall be modified accordingly as required by law, or by
agreement of the paities.
8. Notices. All notices, approvals, consents and other communications required under this
Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed given: (i) when delivered in person; (ii)
when sent by fax or email: (iii) when sent by a nationally-recognized receipted overnight
delivery service with delivery fees prepaid; or (iv) when sent by united states first-class,
registered, or certified mail, postage prepaid. The notice shall be effective immediately
upon personal delivery or upon transmission of the fax or email; one day after depositing
with a nationally recognized overnight delivery service; and five days after sending by first
class, registered, or ce1tified mail. Notices shall be sent to the paities as follows:
To: City of Muskegon To: APQ
933 Terrace Street 1204 W. Western Ave.
Muskegon,MI49440 Muskegon, MI 49440
Attn: City Manager Attn: Ryan Leestma
w/copy to: w/copy to:
Parmenter Law Jaffe, Raitt Heuer & Weiss, P.C.
601 Terrace Street 27777 Franklin Rd. Suite 2500
Muskegon, Michigan 49440 Southfield, Michigan 48034
Attn: City Attorney Attn: Kenneth J. Clarkson
9. Recording. This Agreement shall not be recorded; however, upon the request of either
paity hereto, the other party shall join in the execution of a memorandum or "short form"
of this Agreement for the purposes of recordation.
10. Force Majeure. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, if due to a Force
Majeure Event (defined below), APQ and/or City is prevented from timely performing
under this Agreement or any third-paity providing services or required information in
connection with this Agreement (e.g.: lender, appraiser, title company, surveyor,
environmental consultants, governmental jurisdictions, etc.) closes its offices, suspends
operations or otherwise prevents APQ and/or the City from timely performing under the
Agreement as originally contemplated, then the applicable outstanding dates, deadlines or
time periods herein, shall each be extended for the duration of the Force Majeure Event
and shall resume on such date that APQ and the City, as applicable, are once again able to
perform their obligations under this Agreement. To invoke the tolling of time periods as
set forth herein for a Force Majeure Event, the applicable pa1ty must send written notice to
the other party specifying the reason for invocation and the date on which the tolling of
time begins and a subsequent notice shall be delivered to confirm the date the Force
Majeure Event ended. The term "Force Majeure Event" as used herein shall mean the
following: Act of God; strike, lockout, or other labor or industrial disturbance; war;
blockade; public riot; fire; storm; flood; explosion; or other delay caused by unforeseeable
circumstances beyond the reasonable control of APQ or the City as applicable, including
widespread sickness (including sickness causing quarantine and other "stay at home" or
"shelter in place" orders, and including, but not limited to, the Coronavirus Disease 2019.
11. Severability. If any term, provision or condition contained in this Agreement shall, to any
extent, be invalid or unenforceable, the remainder of this Agreement ( or the application of
such term, provision or condition to persons or circumstances other than those in respect
of which it is invalid or unenforceable) shall not be affected thereby, and each term,
provision or condition of this Agreement shall be valid and enforceable to the fullest extent
permitted by law. ·
12. Miscellaneous. This Agreement may be amended or modified only by the written
agreement of APQ and City. Each exhibit attached to this Agreement is incorporated and
made a pai1 of this Agreement as though more fully set forth in this Agreement. If the
deadline for performing any act would otherwise fall on a weekend day or a holiday, such
deadline shall automatically be extended to the next succeeding business day. This
Agreement shall be interpreted under and governed by the laws of the State of Michigan.
All representations and warranties made in this Agreement by APQ and City shall survive
the termination of this Agreement for a period of one year.
13. Counterparts; Electronic Signatures. This Agreement may be executed in any number
of counterpaits, each of which shall be deemed to be an original, but all of which together
shall be deemed to be one and the same instrument. Electronically imaged signatures may
be used in place of original signatures on this Agreement. APQ and City intend to be bound
by the signatures on the electronically imaged document, are aware that the other party will
rely on such signatures, and hereby waive any defenses to the enforcement of the terms of
this Agreement based on the form of signature.
14. Binding Effect. This Agreement shall be binding upon and enforceable by the parties and
their respective legal representatives, successors, and assigns.
15. Assignment or Delegation. Neither party shall assign or delegate all or any p01tion of its
rights or obligations contained in this Agreement without the express or prior written
approval of the other paity, in which approval may be withheld in the other party's sole
16. Estoppel. If requested by APQ, City will provide an estoppel certificate to such party as
requested by APQ which certificate shall provide, if true, that the Development
Agreement and the exhibits represent the entire agreement between APQ and City and
that no defaults exist under the Development Agreement and no events have occurred
that would, with notice or the expiration of a period of time, constitute a default.
[Signature Page Follows]
CITY OF MUSKEGON BROWNFIELD REDEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY,
a Michigan public body
Date: _ _ l_--_1~7_ _,2m c)"3
Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _, 2022
CITY OF MUSKEGON,
a municipal corporation
Name: Kenneth D. Johnson