Zoning Ordinance Form Based Code

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CITY OF MUSKEGON

FO R M B A S E D C O DE




                   AUGUST 25, 2015
Muskegon Form Based Code
Adopted: May 26, 2015
Effective: June 5, 2015




The Muskegon Form Based Code was a collaborative effort
between the City of Muskegon, the Muskegon Community
Foundation, Downtown Muskegon Now, the Downtown
Muskegon Development Corporation, and the Muskegon
Lakeshore Chamber of Commerce.




The Consultants for the Muskegon Form Based Code:
Mark F. Miller AIA AICP, Nederveld, Inc.
Lynée Wells AICP, Williams & Works




CITY OF MUSKEGON
Planning, Zoning, and Recreation Department
933 Terrace Street
Muskegon, MI 49443
(231) 724-6702




www.muskegon-mi.gov
                                                                                                                                                           TABLE OF CONTENTS



What is a Form Based Code?............................................................................................................................................................i.1
Creating a Solid Foundation for the Muskegon Form Based Code.............................................................................................i.2
The Public Process for the Muskegon Form Based Code..............................................................................................................i.5
Guiding Principles for the Muskegon Form Based Code...............................................................................................................i.8
Muskegon Form Based Code Wayfinding.......................................................................................................................................i.9
How to Use the Muskegon Form Based Code...............................................................................................................................i.10



2001.00 Title........................................................................................................................................................................................1.1
2001.01 Purpose.................................................................................................................................................................................1.1
2001.02 Scope...................................................................................................................................................................................1.1



2002.00 Applicability.........................................................................................................................................................................2.1
2002.01 Site Plan/Plot Plan Procedures...........................................................................................................................................2.1
2002.02 Special Land Uses...............................................................................................................................................................2.2
2002.03 Form Based Code Departures...........................................................................................................................................2.2
2002.04 Adoption and Effective Date............................................................................................................................................2.3



2003.00 Applicability.........................................................................................................................................................................3.1
2003.01 Bonuses and Incentives......................................................................................................................................................3.1
2003.02 Encroachments...................................................................................................................................................................3.1
2003.03 Height Measurement of Buildings......................................................................................................................................3.2
2003.04 Outdoor Seating..................................................................................................................................................................3.2
2003.05 Transparency.......................................................................................................................................................................3.2
2003.06 Accessory Buildings and Structures...................................................................................................................................3.3
2003.07 Roof Top Screening.............................................................................................................................................................3.3
2003.08 Nonconformities..................................................................................................................................................................3.3
2003.09 Lighting.................................................................................................................................................................................3.3
2003.10 Appeals................................................................................................................................................................................3.4
2003.11 Fencing................................................................................................................................................................................3.4
2003.12 Trash Enclosures...................................................................................................................................................................3.4



2004.00 Applicability.........................................................................................................................................................................4.1
2004.01 Lot Requirements.................................................................................................................................................................4.1
2004.02 Block Requirements............................................................................................................................................................4.1
2004.03 Access Requirements.........................................................................................................................................................4.1
2004.04 Driveway Requirements.....................................................................................................................................................4.1
2004.05 Platting Requirements........................................................................................................................................................4.1
2004.06 Sidewalk Requirements......................................................................................................................................................4.1




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS



2005.00 Purpose ................................................................................................................................................................................5.1
2005.01 Applicability.........................................................................................................................................................................5.1
2005.02 Context Area Map (Regulating Plan)...............................................................................................................................5.2
2005.03 Context Area Overview......................................................................................................................................................5.4
2005.04 Summary of Building Types Permitted in Each Context Area.........................................................................................5.6
2005.05 Downtown (DT) Context Area...........................................................................................................................................5.7
2005.06 Main Street (MS) Context Area........................................................................................................................................5.13
2005.07 Main Street Waterfront (MSW) Context Area................................................................................................................5.19
2005.08 Neighborhood Core (NC) Context Area........................................................................................................................5.25
2005.09 Neighborhood Edge (NE) Context Area........................................................................................................................5.31
2005.10 Urban Residential (UR) Context Area.............................................................................................................................5.37



2006.00 Purpose................................................................................................................................................................................6.1
2006.01 Applicability.........................................................................................................................................................................6.1
2006.02 Building Types by Context Area.......................................................................................................................................6.1
2006.03 Contents of this Section....................................................................................................................................................6.1
2006.04 How to Use this Section....................................................................................................................................................6.2
2006.05 Standards for all Building Types........................................................................................................................................6.5
2006.06 Building Type Overview.....................................................................................................................................................6.6
2006.07 Summary of Building Types Permitted in Each Context Area.......................................................................................6.8
2006.08 Mixed-Use Building Type....................................................................................................................................................6.9
2006.09 Retail Building Type..........................................................................................................................................................6.23
2006.10 Flex Building Type.............................................................................................................................................................6.33
2006.11 Cottage Retail Building Type..........................................................................................................................................6.45
2006.12 Live / Work Building Type.................................................................................................................................................6.55
2006.13 Large Multi-plex Building Type........................................................................................................................................6.67
2006.14 Small Multi-plex Building Type.........................................................................................................................................6.79
2006.15 Rowhouse Building Type.................................................................................................................................................6.89
2006.16 Duplex Building Type........................................................................................................................................................6.99
2006.17 Detached House Building Type....................................................................................................................................6.109
2006.18 Carriage House Building Type.......................................................................................................................................6.119
2006.18 Civic Building Type..........................................................................................................................................................6.123



2007.00 Purpose................................................................................................................................................................................7.1
2007.01 Applicability.........................................................................................................................................................................7.1
2007.02 Public Realm Mobility Choice..........................................................................................................................................7.1
2007.03 Standards for all Public Realm Types................................................................................................................................7.2
2007.04 Bicycle Facilities..................................................................................................................................................................7.4
2007.05 Public Realm Type Overview............................................................................................................................................7.5
2007.06 Boulevard Public Realm Type...........................................................................................................................................7.6
2007.07 Commercial Street Public Realm Type.............................................................................................................................7.8
2007.08 Transitional Street Public Realm Type...........................................................................................................................7.10
2007.09 Parkway Street Public Realm Type...............................................................................................................................7.12
2007.10 Arterial Public Realm Type..............................................................................................................................................7.14
2007.11 Waterfront Edge Public Realm Type..............................................................................................................................7.16




TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                               DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
                                                                                                                                                        TABLE OF CONTENTS




2009.00 Purpose ...............................................................................................................................................................................9.1
2009.01 Applicability.........................................................................................................................................................................9.1
2009.02 Specific Sign Requirements ...............................................................................................................................................9.1
2009.03 Off Premise Advertising ......................................................................................................................................................9.1
2009.04 Non-conforming Signs .......................................................................................................................................................9.1
2009.05 Removal ..............................................................................................................................................................................9.1
2009.06 Sign Type Overview ...........................................................................................................................................................9.2
2009.07 Sign Band ............................................................................................................................................................................9.3
2009.08 Wall Sign ...............................................................................................................................................................................9.4
2009.09 Projecting Sign ....................................................................................................................................................................9.5
2009.10 Awning and Canopy Sign .................................................................................................................................................9.6
2009.11 Window Sign .......................................................................................................................................................................9.7
2009.12 Ground Sign ........................................................................................................................................................................9.8
2009.13 Summary of Dimensional Requirements for Signs ............................................................................................................9.9
2009.14 Summary of Sign Quantities Permitted ..........................................................................................................................9.10



2010.00 Applicability
Definitions A - Z




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                      TABLE OF CONTENTS
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         INTRODUCTION


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           WHAT IS A FORM BASED CODE?
                    Form Based Codes (FBC) represent a paradigm shift in the way that we regulate the built environment. This shift was
                    necessary because the conventional, use-based approach to zoning has been shown to be ineffective for regulating
                    diverse, urban, mixed-use environments.

                    The City of Muskegon is using Form Based Coding to achieve the vision, goals, and outcomes for downtown that were
                    established by previous planning endeavors conducted by the City and her citizens. These plans include the 2003
                    Imagine Muskegon Plan, the 2008 Downtown and Lakeshore Redevelopment Plan, and the 2015 City of Muskegon
                    Parking Strategy. These plans and strategies envision a downtown that is a walkable, mixed-use, urban place with a
                    diversity of housing choices, vibrant retail, restaurants, and services, and a mix of job opportunities.

                    The formal short definition of a Form-Based Code is as follows:



                    Form Based Codes foster predictable built results and a high-quality public realm by using physical form (rather than
                    separation of uses) as the organizing principle for the code. These codes are adopted into city or county law as regulations,
                    not mere guidelines. Form-Based Codes are an alternative to conventional zoning.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 - Form Based Codes Institute



                    Unlike conventional codes, FBCs use the intended form and character of a place (or context) as the organizing principle or
                    framework of the code (rather than use) and regulate a series of important elements not just to create a good individual building,
                    but rather a high-quality urban place.

                    The naming conventions in FBCs reflect the intended physical form and hierarchy of different places, so instead of a zone being
                    labeled “single-family residential,” it might be called “Neighborhood Edge,” and instead of a zone being called “commercial” or
                    “mixed use,” it might be called “Main Street.” The terms “neighborhood” and “main street” tie back to the intended physical form
                    or place, both of which may include a mix of uses and different building types that create vibrant walkable urbanism.

                    It is also important to note that while FBCs primarily regulate an intended physical form, they also regulate use secondarily. FBCs
                    often allow a range of uses that are carefully chosen to maximize compatibility between uses and the intended physical form
                    of the downtown. The use tables are simplified and categorized by use type, and clearly defined, to allow a greater degree of
                    administrative decision-making related to particular uses.
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                     CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE
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INTRODUCTION


CREATING A SOLID FOUNDATION FOR THE MUSKEGON FORM BASED CODE
Many plans have been completed during the last decade to re-envision downtown Muskegon. These plans provide the
foundation for the Muskegon Form Based Code. While the community-created plans provide a broad series of goals and
help to paint a community-supported vision for the future, the FBC is intended as a tool to implement that vision.



IMAGINE MUSKEGON
In 2003, the City of Muskegon completed the 2003 Imagine Muskegon Plan with the intent of developing a conceptual
design that reflected a broad range of community input and that sparked the imagination of the greater Muskegon
community. This plan established a concept design that envisioned downtown as follows:

       Destination: Muskegon as a focal point for the region, offering events, services, shops, and dining, not found
 1     elsewhere. The area should be designed so that people are attracted to the downtown for its unique blend of
       entertainment, dining, and specialty stores.

       Diverse and Inclusive: Downtown should be designed to accommodate various age groups, socio-economic
 2     backgrounds, and cultural and racial heritages.

       Walkable: Infrastructure shall facilitate pedestrian activity along the waterfront and through downtown. The
 3     ambiance of the lakefront views and the context of the Heritage District should be central to this pedestrian
       activity. Streetscapes should reinforce walkability with outdoor amenities and landscape.

       Connected and Multi-modal: Provide interconnections so bicyclists, joggers, and walkers have attractive paths to
 4     enjoy. Provide for alternative transportation like trolleys so that more people can share the road with cars. While
       cars are accommodated downtown, they should not dominate the environment.

       Livable: A mix of housing opportunities that provide choices to a wide range of people, including high-quality,
 5     affordable apartments, condominiums, cottages, and single-family homes.

       Distinctive: New development should fit in to the historic context of downtown. The pattern of development shall
 6     have identifiable centers and edges that respect historic and contextual block structures and street networks.




IMAGINE MUSKEGON



 i.2                                                        DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   INTRODUCTION


                                                                                                                                                                                                CREATING A SOLID FOUNDATION FOR THE MUSKEGON FORM BASED CODE
             2008 DOWNTOWN AND LAKESHORE REDEVELOPMENT PLAN
             In 2008, the City of Muskegon completed the Downtown and Lakeshore Redevelopment Plan with the intent to advance
             the redevelopment and improvement of the downtown and lakeshore areas. This Plan established a clear goal (vision)
             and included a series of objectives and programs to implement and achieve that vision. Additionally, the Downtown
             and Lakeshore Redevelopment Plan created a Future Land Use Plan that became the foundation for the Context Area
             Map (Section 2005) of the FBC.

             The Plan’s Vision:
             In 2025, downtown Muskegon and its adjoining lakefront will be an attractive and vibrant community asset with a healthy
             and prosperous mix of retail, office, housing, arts and cultural institutions, and other land uses to serve the needs of
             permanent residents and visitors alike. The character of Downtown developments will reflect the unique culture and
             history of Muskegon and will compliment existing facilities. Downtown will have an urban feel with convenient parking,
             public transportation, walkable streets, and strong connections to neighborhoods.

             Selected Objectives of the Plan:
                    The downtown lakeshore will be redeveloped as a mixed use district including office, retail, housing, and
               1 educational/research uses with frequent public access points and public open space.

                                                Downtown will have strong non-motorized transportation facilities to connect destination points and provide
                             2                  linkages to neighborhoods including bike paths, bike lanes, and designated bike routes on low volume roads.

                                                             
                                                Downtown will have a balanced transportation system that facilitates ease of movement with two-way streets,
                             3                  mass transit, and traffic calming features to enhance pedestrian circulation and provide strong visual and physical
                                                connections to adjoining neighborhoods.
                                                                   
                                                Context sensitive architecture will be used in the development of new facilities to reflect the character of existing
                             4                  buildings and the working waterfront.




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           Selected Programs (Implementation Steps) of the Plan:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        




              Amend the Zoning Ordinance to provide
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                  A standards regulating architecture, site


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                        utilization, landscaping, window coverage,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  




                        pedestrian amenities, and building form, so




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                




                        new buildings integrate well with existing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        




                        structures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           




                                                                   Implement a shared use parking system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              




                                                    B
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          




                                                                   through incentives and zoning requirements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

                                                                   to increase the use of parking while

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     




                                                                   potentially reducing the quantity of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          




                                                                   downtown surface parking required.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            



                                                                   Transform Webster Street and Muskegon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   




                                                  C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  



                                                                   Street into neighborhood streets with strong
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    


                                                                   pedestrian amenities.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             


                                                                   Add a system of bike lanes where space
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      




                                                  D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             




                                                                   allows to public streets.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
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              CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE
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INTRODUCTION


 CREATING A SOLID FOUNDATION FOR THE MUSKEGON FORM BASED CODE
MUSKEGON PARKING STRATEGY
In 2014, in anticipation of completion of this Form Based Code, the City of Muskegon commissioned a downtown parking
study to implement a series of short-, mid-, and long-term policies to address the future of downtown’s parking. These
policies provided an opportunity to proactively shape the future of downtown Muskegon by:

              1.	   Supporting commerce and economic development,
              2.	   Creating and providing mobility choice,
              3.	   Building quality of life and business vitality,
              4.	   Reinforcing a wide range of lifestyle choices,
              5.	   Optimizing access and opportunities, and
              6.	   Promoting convenience, turnover, and predictability while being responsive to customers.

These six opportunities were based on the vision and goals of previously completed plans and led to a series of solutions
that created tools that can be implemented in order to foster a more livable and vibrant downtown. These solutions
include:

            Management Based Solutions to provide effective means to gather and analyze downtown parking conditions as
  1         they evolve, allowing the system to proactively respond to both short- and long-term trends.

            Demand Based Solutions to diminish the demand for parking by reducing the number of total vehicle trips
  2         downtown, which in turn reduces the parking required for those vehicles.

            Supply Based Solutions to adjust the amount of new parking supplied by establishing a “market-based” approach
  3         to setting parking standards that is consistent with desired urban densities and character while also supporting
            alternative modes of transportation.

      Place Based Solutions to transform the public realm from a single-mode system to a multi-mode system that can
  4   improve the walkability of the downtown and create more mobility options and choice. These tools make it easier
      for users to find parking opportunities, which improve access to existing parking and ease perceived congestion
EXISTING   DOWNTOWN
      of parking  facilities. PARKING AND LAND USE

The graphics below depict the existing land area utilized in Downtown Muskegon for parking and buildings and their relative walking distance from
          Time Based Solutions to encourage turnover in higher demand areas and shift users with longer term parking
the5downtown        center (corner of Western Avenue and Third Street). Currently parking consumes more land than buildings, leading to compromised
          needs into off-street facilities or more remote locations. Factors that can influence time based tools include the
livability, significant gaps in the urban fabric, a degraded public realm, and loss of tax base.
            surrounding land use, time of day, and availability of supply.

EXISTING  PARKING AREA                                                EXISTING BUILDING AREA
      Price Based Solutions to shift demands and use patterns to reduce occupancy in high demand areas and create
  6         a market for off-street parking.

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 i.4                                                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
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                                                                                             INTRODUCTION


                                                         THE PUBLIC PROCESS FOR THE MUSKEGON FORM BASED CODE
The public process for the Muskegon Form Based Code is summarized below:

DOWNTOWN DESIGN WORKSHOP
On March 26, 2014, the City of Muskegon convened a
Downtown Design Workshop to determine the following:

    Gauge level of understanding about Form Based
1   Codes.

    Educate residents about the fundamentals of urban
2   design and building a great city.

    Gather feedback about project boundaries and
3   proposed context areas.

4   Inform residents about current parking supply.

5   Prioritize project goals.

    Provide participants an understanding about
5   walkable urbanism and the qualities of a walkable
    place.



Participants were asked to rank their priorities for the City
of Muskegon Form Based Code. Below are the results, in
order of highest priority:

       Facilitating higher density development/adding
 #1    new residents to the downtown.

       Fostering economic development/building the
       tax base for the city.

       Balancing     transportation       modes/enhancing
       choices (ie. walk, bike, transit, vehicle).

       Providing access to businesses,          community
       attractions, and schools.

       Supporting transit ridership through available
       parking (park n’ ride).

 #6    Providing ample and affordable parking.



Project Boundaries were examined and discussed
during the Workshop. Participants identified areas to be
removed from the proposed Form Based Code boundary.
Participants also added blocks to the project area. An
example of some of the suggested modifications included:

The area between Spring and Pine Streets, south of
Muskegon Avenue was deemed as an important area to
add to the FBC boundary.

Many of the areas along Muskegon Lake, adjacent to
downtown were suggested to be removed from the
boundary.




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                               i.5
INTRODUCTION


 THE PUBLIC PROCESS FOR THE MUSKEGON FORM BASED CODE
ROTARY PRESENTATION
On January 15, 2015, the Muskegon Rotary hosted the consultant team for a presentation and overview of the Muskegon
Form Based Code.

This presentation included references to previously completed City Master Plans, the FBC process to date, and how
the code can foster the visions established by the Master Plans. Additionally, the consultants provided an overview of
changing national demographics that are impacting cities and the financial and economic benefits of building authentic
urban places. The informational session was followed by dialogue with the audience and a question and answer session
regarding the FBC. The dialogue focused on the form of the future city and its spaces - addressing the importance of
active street edges, slow traffic speeds, compact development, and building orientation.




 SLIDE FROM ROTARY PRESENTATION


PROJECT REVIEW MEETINGS
Monthly meetings were conducted during the development of the Form Based Code with City staff and steering
committee members. Participants varied during these meetings depending on the code content that was discussed
and included the City Planning Department, the City Engineering Department, the Community Foundation Muskegon
County, Downtown Muskegon Now, and the Muskegon Lakeshore Chamber of Commerce.

These meetings allowed staff to review the progress of the code and provide feedback regarding content and intent,
while also facilitating a broad discussion of how existing development and hypothetical development scenarios would fit
into the administration of the Form Based Code. The Project Review Meetings also included discussion of best practices,
FBC integration and administration, urban context review, and urban design and architecture content within the Form
Based Code. This process also allowed staff to become familiar with the nuances of the code as they played a role in
the creation of the document.



 i.6                                                      DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
                                                                                                       INTRODUCTION


                                                       THE PUBLIC PROCESS FOR THE MUSKEGON FORM BASED CODE
FINAL DRAFT CODE REVIEW
A final draft copy of the Muskegon Form Based Code was distributed for comment on March 26, 2015. This draft provided
an opportunity for City staff, the City attorney, and City leadership to review and comment. The draft review period
ended on April 15, 2015, and provided approximately 2 weeks for review and comments.



PLANNING COMMISSION REVIEW AND PUBLIC HEARING
The Muskegon Form Based Code was presented to the Muskegon Planning Commission during a public hearing on May
14, 2015. A Community Code Workshop was conducted prior to the Planning Commission on May 14, 2015.



COMMUNITY CODE WORKSHOP
This workshop allowed key stakeholders, including developers, property owners, citizens, and city officials, to learn about
the Muskegon Form Based Code. Areas of focus included an overview of the transition from the current Zoning Ordinance
to the Form Based Code for downtown Muskegon, the benefits of the flexibility and efficiency of the FBC, and how to use
the code for future development. Case studies were presented to walk participants through the various development
scenarios.

Participants were introduced to the Form Based Code as an implementation tool to achieve development consistent
with the City’s existing plans, policies, and vision. Key concepts, such as building type, form and frontage, and the public
realm were introduced and reaffirmed. Participants were offered opportunities to provide comment and ask questions
regarding the Code.



CITY COMMISSION MEETING
The Muskegon Form Based Code was presented to the Muskegon City Commission during a meeting on May 26, 2015.




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                             i.7
INTRODUCTION


GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR THE MUSKEGON FORM BASED CODE
The Muskegon Form Based Code is designed to be applied to the downtown to meet the following principles:

THE DOWNTOWN GUIDING PRINCIPLES
   1.	 Reinforce a pattern of walkable urban
       neighborhoods by supporting existing walkable
       neighborhoods and providing a tool to retrofit
       those that are not walkable or have been
       compromised;

   2.	 Provide incentives and remove          barriers    for
       revitalization of neighborhoods;

   3.	 Prevent the development of incompatible
       suburban development in urban areas;

   4.	 Build upon and enhance the unique character of
       each neighborhood;

   5.	 Encourage    appropriately-scaled       infill    and
       development;

   6.	 Provide context-sensitive design of streets and
       public realms that will reinforce the walkable
       urban neighborhoods; and

   7.	 Support a range of vibrant places within the City.



THE NEIGHBORHOOD GUIDING PRINCIPLES
   1.	 Enable neighborhood main streets to remain or
       become vibrant social and commercial centers;

   2.	 Support a diversity of urban housing choices
       appropriate to the urban context;

   3.	 Balance pedestrian comfort and placemaking
       with traffic efficiency along major corridors;

   4.	 Encourage and incubate small local businesses as
       an important part of the local economy;

   5.	 Place services within a safe, comfortable walking
       distance of homes; and

   6.	 Create a framework of well-designed streets that
       are safe and secure for pedestrians and bicycles.



THE BLOCK AND BUILDING GUIDING PRINCIPLES
   1.	 Build upon and reinforce the unique and diverse
       collection of urban building types within the City;

   2.	 Ensure that each building plays a role in creating a
       better whole, not just a good building;

   3.	 Meet the changing needs of residents;

   4.	 Ensure that architecture and landscape grow from
       local climate, history, and building practice; and

   5.	 Choose important/prominent locations for civic
       buildings to reinforce their civic stature.



 i.8                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
                                                                                                  INTRODUCTION


                                                                  MUSKEGON FORM BASED CODE WAYFINDING
The following graphic is a guide to finding your way around the Muskegon Form Based Code by providing a quick
reference to where to find the answers to common questions that a user of this code may have.


                                                                           SECTION 2005.02 CONTEXT AREA MAP
      Where is my parcel located?                        The map will tell you the Context Area that your parcel
                                                       is located within. Context Areas are similar to the zoning
                                                            districts of conventional zoning and are the basis for
                                                                  regulation in the Muskegon Form Based Code.



     Where can I put my desired use
                                                                      SECTION 2005 CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
  (ie - restaurant, apartments, clothing
                                                             The Use Tables in this Section tell you what uses are
                store, etc.)?
                                                                      permitted and where they are permitted.



 How do I determine where my building
                                                                     SECTION 2005 CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
 is placed on the site? And what are the
                                                      Each Context Area conveys the requirements of building
         setback requirements?
                                                      placement on the site. Some locations require setbacks,
                                                       whereas other locations will require that the building be
                                                          placed at the property line or within a build-to-zone.



        What is a build-to-zone                                                       SECTION 2010 DEFINITIONS
          or a build-to-line?                             Will tell you what these terms are. These items replace
                                                     setbacks and typically require buildings to be closer to the
                                                        street in order to have a more active and vibrant street.



                                                                         SECTION 2005 CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
      How tall can my building be?
                                                             Will tell you how many stories your building can be.
                                                                        SECTION 2006 BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                      Will tell you the requirements for height (in feet) of each
                                                                                  story per specific building type.



                                                                SECTION 2008 OFF-STREET PARKING STANDARDS
 How many parking spaces do I need?
                                                    Will tell you the required number of parking spaces for your
                                                                                                    specific use




    Where is it appropriate to put my                                     SECTION 2005 CONTEXT AREA AND USE
               parking lot?                           Will tell where on the site it is appropriate to place parking
                                                    (note that it is typically not appropriate to have parking lots
                                                                                                   facing the street)



                                                                       SECTION 2006 BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
         What is transparency?
                                                                  Will tell you required transparency for buildings
                                                                                       SECTION 2010 DEFINITIONS
                                                                       Will tell you how transparency is measured


CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                          i.9
INTRODUCTION


HOW TO USE THE MUSKEGON FORM BASED CODE
FORM BASED CODES AND THE PUBLIC REALM                                                             The Public Realm illustration on this page indicates the
The Muskegon Form Based Code is a development regulation                                          components of the public realm and also references where
(a type of zoning code) that emphasizes the physical character                                    each component is regulated within the Muskegon Form
of development (its form) and de-emphasizes the regulation of                                     Based Code.
land use.
                                                                                                          Building Type: Section 2006 contains standards for
The Muskegon FBC emphasize the design of the public realm                                          A      Building Types that describe the various forms of
by regulating individual building character, streetscapes, and                                            buildings that are permitted as part of this Form Based
public spaces.                                                                                            Code. Each Building Type has its own specific massing,
                                                                                                          composition, and vertical dimension.
The public realm is the area defined by the building walls, the
streetscape and the street.                                                                               Building Types also offer a variety of Frontage options
                                                                                                          that can be selected as part of the development.
The Muskegon Form Based Code is organized by Context Areas                                                Frontages define the architecture and design
(similar to conventional zoning districts), Building Types (with                                          components for the buildings entrance and street-
Frontage Types), and Public Realm Standards (the streetscape).                                            facing facade.
These elements provide standards for the creation of a public
realm that is consistent with that envisioned for downtown                                                Public Realm (streets): Section 2007 contains standards
Muskegon, as outlined in the introduction to this FBC.                                             B      for the space between the right-of-way lines, including
                                                                                                          the sidewalk, parkway, furnishing zone, parking lanes,
The Muskegon Form Base Code also regulates land use, parking                                              and travel lanes.
requirements, signs, and subdivision standards.
                                                                                                          Use: Section 2005 contains use requirements for
The Context Areas in the Muskegon FBC are within a Form                                            C      each Context Area. Context Areas are similar to
Based Code Area, which is the area on the City of Muskegon                                                conventional land use zoning districts. Each Context
Zoning Map (located in Article III, Section 300 of the City Zoning                                        Area includes permitted Building Types, building
Ordinance) that is zoned as a Form Based Code District.                                                   height, site placement, and includes permitted and
                                                                                                          special uses.

ILLUSTRATION: PUBLIC REALM AND RELATED FORM BASED REGULATIONS
                RIGHT OF WAY LINE /




                                                                                                                                 RIGHT OF WAY LINE /
                                      PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                                                       PROPERTY LINE
                                                                     FRONTAGE: AT BUILD
                                                                     TO LINE (ZERO LOT LINE
                                                                     CONDITION)




      C                  A                                                                                                                                             A        C




                                                                                                                                                                           FRONTAGE: AT
                                                                                                                                                                           BUILD TO ZONE
                                                      SIDEWALK AND                 STREET: TRAVEL LANES
                                             FURNISHING ZONE                       AND PARKING LANES




                                                                                              B



i.10                                                                                          DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
                                                                                                                              INTRODUCTION


                                                                                    HOW TO USE THE MUSKEGON FORM BASED CODE
     START HERE: Choose one of the following three scenarios that best fits your proposed development project

      I HAVE A                                             I HAVE A                                             I HAVE A


1                                                    2                                                   3
      SPECIFIC                                             SPECIFIC USE                                         SPECIFIC
      PARCEL THAT                                          THAT I AM                                            BUILDING THAT
      I WANT TO                                            CONSIDERING                                          I WANT TO
      DEVELOP                                              FOR MY LAND                                          DEVELOP
                                                           DEVELOPMENT




SECTION 2010 DEFINITIONS
Some terms for the Muskegon Form Based Code are different or have different meanings than similar terms in conventional zoning ordinances.
If you encounter terms that you are unfamiliar with, refer to this Section for more information.




SECTIONS 2002, 2003, and 2004
Review Section 2002, Applicability and Procedures to understand the procedural requirements of the Muskegon Form Based Code.
Review Section 2003, General Provisions for regulations that apply to all projects within the Form Based Code Area.
Review Section 2005, Subdivision and Access Standards for regulations that apply to all projects within the Form Based Code Area.




SECTION 2005 CONTEXT AREAS & USE                    SECTION 2005 CONTEXT AREAS & USE                     SECTION 2006 BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
Each Context Area has uses which                    Each Context Area has uses which                     Determine which of the Building Types best
are permitted, not permitted, and                   are permitted, not permitted, and                    fit the building that you want to develop.
conditionally permitted.                            conditionally permitted.                             Consider required massing, composition,
                                                                                                         vertical dimensions, appropriate building
Determine which of the Context Areas                Determine which of the Context Areas                 frontages, and the Context Areas where
that your specific parcel is located in.            that the use you are considering is                  the Building Type is permitted when
                                                    permitted in, this will allow you to                 making your decision.
Once you have determined the Context                determine the Context Areas and parcels
Area, you can determine the uses that               within the Form Based Code Area that are
are most appropriate within the Context             most appropriate for your project.
Area.                                                                                                    SECTION 2004 CONTEXT AREAS & USE
                                                                                                         Each Context Area has uses which
                                                                                                         are permitted, not permitted, and
                                                                                                         conditionally permitted.

                                                                                                         Determine which of the Context Areas
SECTION 2006 BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                     that the Building Type you are considering
Determine which of the Building Types best fit the parcel or use that you want to develop.               is permitted in, this will help determine the
Consider required massing, composition, vertical dimensions, appropriate building frontages,             parcels within the Form Based Code Area
and the Context Areas where the Building Type is permitted when making your decision.                    that are most appropriate for your project,
                                                                                                         the types of uses that are permitted for
You will need to consult Section 2005 Context Areas and Use to determine the requirements                your project, and the requirements for
of building site placement.                                                                              building site placement.




SECTION 2007 PUBLIC REALM STANDARDS
These standards provide design guidance and establish dimensional requirements for street and streetscape attributes, include vehicular
travel lanes, on-street parking, furnishing zones, and pedestrian zones. These standards will help you determine which streets and streetscapes
are best suited to your project. While the Public Realm standard are typically associated with public investment, there may be aspects of
specific requirements (like attributes in pedestrian zones or furnishing zones) that impact your project




SECTION 2008 OFF-STREET PARKING STANDARDS
The Off-Street Parking Standards will help you determine the parking requirements for your project.




SECTION 2009 SIGN STANDARDS
Each Building Type has specific sign quantities and sign sizes that are relative to the Context Area where it is located. This Section will assist you
in determining the types, sizes, placement, and quantity of signs permitted for your project.




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                      i.11
INTRODUCTION




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i.12                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2001                                                                            TITLE, PURPOSE, AND SCOPE


2001.00 TITLE                                                      For development standards not covered by the City
The following document shall be known as the City of               of Muskegon Form Based Code, the other applicable
Muskegon Form Based Code.                                          sections in the municipal Zoning Ordinance shall apply. All
                                                                   development shall also comply with all other local, state
2001.01 PURPOSE                                                    or federal regulations and ordinances.
The City of Muskegon Form Based Code is intended to
support redevelopment within downtown Muskegon,                    Throughout this Form Based Code, photographs are used
including key waterfront areas and commercial districts            for illustrative purposes only.
through the establishment of building types, frontage
types and street guidelines by creating a compact, transit-
oriented development pattern that fosters walkable
corridors, mixed uses, and a diversity of residential
development. The City of Muskegon Form Based Code
reflects the desires and outcomes of the 2003 Imagine
Muskegon Plan, the 2008 Downtown and Lakeshore
Redevelopment Plan, and the 2014 City of Muskegon
Parking Strategy.

Redevelopment within the project area shall adhere
to the provisions and standards established in this form
based code in order to realize the vision set forth in the
2008 Downtown and Lakeshore Redevelopment Plan
which was subsequently adopted as part of the city’s
Master Plan.

The City of Muskegon Form Based Code is a legal
document regulating building types, frontage types
and thoroughfare types wherever its Context Areas are
applied. It shall do so in conjunction with the municipal
Zoning Ordinance for areas zoned Form Based Code (FBC)
on the zoning map, by regulating land development to
ensure a compact, urban form.

2001.02 SCOPE
The City of Muskegon Form Based Code is a mandatory
code that applies to all new development and
redevelopment within the boundaries of the Zoning
Map or other locations within the municipality where the
applicable Context Areas have been applied as outlined
in 2002.00, Applicability.

The boundaries generally include all lands that abut
Muskegon Lake to the west, Spring Street to the north,
Shoreline Drive to the south, and Muskegon Avenue to the
east, as well as the 3rd Street Business District.

Within the City of Muskegon Zoning Ordinance, properties
zoned and thus regulated by the City of Muskegon Form
Based Code are within the Form Based Code (FBC) district. This
district directs property owners and applicants to this Code for
development standards. Wherever there is a conflict between
the City of Muskegon Form Based Code and other sections
of the City’s Zoning Ordinance (as applied to particular
development within the FBC district), the requirements
specifically set forth in the Form Based Code shall prevail.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                              1.1
TITLE, PURPOSE, AND SCOPE                                                SECTION 2001




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1.2                                         DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2002                                                                   APPLICABILITY AND PROCEDURES


2002.00 APPLICABILITY                                             2002.01 SITE PLAN / PLOT PLAN PROCEDURES
The City of Muskegon Form Based Code shall apply to                     A.	 Full Site plan/plot plan. To expedite the
development within the boundaries of the Form Based                         development process, development within the
Code District depicted on the City of Muskegon official                     City of Muskegon Form Based Code that complies
Zoning Map. Development shall include the following:                        with the provisions of this Code shall require full
      A.	 New development.                                                  site plan or plot plan review and approval by the
                                                                            City’s Zoning Administrator or Building Official.
     B.	 Modifications to existing buildings:                                   1.	 Section 2303 in the City of Muskegon
            1.	 Building        Footprint.     Increasing    or                     Zoning Ordinance shall govern the type
                decreasing a building footprint by                                  of submittal required, being either a full
                twenty-five percent (25%) or greater in                             site plan or plot plan.
                area or when the cost of the addition                           2.	 Review      and     approval    shall     be
                is greater than or equal to fifty percent                           conducted by the City’s Building Official
                (50%) of the current assessed value of the                          for single-family detached dwellings and
                building or structure. Phased construction                          modifications to comply with accessibility
                to avoid compliance with this standard                              requirements.
                or breaking up construction such that                           3.	 All other development activities outlined
                the thresholds are avoided shall be                                 in Section 2303 shall require review
                prohibited.                                                         and approval of the City’s Zoning
            2.	 Building Facade.                                                    Administrator.
                    i.	 Increasing or decreasing the
                          building façade transparency                  B.	 Site Plan review procedures and requirements.
                          by more than fifty percent (50%).                 Site plan submittal and review shall follow the
                          Phased construction to avoid                      processes set forth in Sections 2303 of the City of
                          compliance with this standard or                  Muskegon Zoning Ordinance. Site plan required
                          breaking up construction such that                data shall adhere to Section 2303 of the City of
                          the 50% threshold is avoided shall                Muskegon Zoning Ordinance, unless waived or
                          be prohibited.                                    required by the City’s Zoning Administrator per
                    ii.	 Building facades over 50 years are                 Section 2303, 8.
                          exempt from the City of Muskegon
                          Form Based Code, except existing              C.	 Planning Commission review. Full site plan
                          window and door openings shall                    review by the Planning Commission shall be
                          remain, in addition to existing                   required for any Special Land Use or Specific
                          building materials, unless the                    Development Plan. Review standards are
                          Planning Commission deems the                     included in Section 2303, 11 of the City of
                          frontage as not having historic                   Muskegon Zoning Ordinance. Special Land Use
                          value.                                            standards specific to special uses regulated in
                    iii.	 For properties listed in the State or             this Form Based Code are included in Section
                          National Register of Historic Places              2005.
                          or are located within a Local
                          Historic District, the Secretary of           D.	 Specific Development Plan. A Specific
                          Interior Standards for Rehabilitation             Development Plan is intended to allow
                          shall supercede this Form Based                   applicants development flexibility to address
                          Code.                                             market conditions and opportunities, including
                                                                            the master planning of large lots exceeding
     C.	 Any change in land use impacting parking                           the maximum block dimensions as outlined in
         requirements.                                                      Section 2004, as well as the consolidation of
                                                                            multiple properties to create predictable and
     D.	 The Planning Commission may, at the request                        market responsive development for the area.
         of the applicant, waive the applicability of this                  Specific Development Plans shall be required
         Code upon a finding that adhering to the Code                      for any Major Departure as outlined in this
         would place undo hardship on the applicant.                        Section 2002.03 (form based code departures).
         Should the Planning Commission waive the                              1.	 Specific Development Plan requirements.
         applicability of the Form Based Code, the                                 A Specific Development Plan shall
         underlying district provisions shall apply.                               include a full site plan and required data
                                                                                   as outlined in Section 2303, 11.



CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                2.1
APPLICABILITY AND PROCEDURES                                                                                            SECTION 2002


            2.	 Additional requirements include: A plan                         C.	 Findings for Code Departures. The applicable
                depicting the proposed Context Areas                                reviewing body shall find that a departures to
                for the subject site(s) if major departures                         the Form Based Code:
                from the Context Area boundaries are                                   1.	 Does not materially change the circulation
                requested.                                                                 and building location on the site;
            3.	 Public Hearing: The applicant and/or                                   2.	 Does not alter the relationship between
                Planning Commission may request a                                          the buildings and the street;
                public hearing for a Specific Development                              3.	 Does not allow a use not otherwise
                Plan. A public hearing, pursuant to the                                    permitted in this Form Based Code; and
                Michigan Zoning Enabling Act, shall be                                 4.	 The departure is the minimum required
                required for a major departure of Context                                  necessary to meet the intent of the Form
                Area boundary.                                                             Based Code.
            4.	 Planning          Commission     action:   The
                Planning Commission shall review and
                                                                    2002.03a MINOR DEPARTURES
                approve, with or without conditions, the
                full site plan upon the following findings:                          TYPE            MODIFICATION          FINDINGS
                     i.	 The Context Areas provide a                             Area or             No more than        When possible,
                                                                                 boundary of         15% increase or     boundaries shall
                           seamless transition from adjacent,




                                                                    CONTEXT
                                                                                 context area        decrease in area    follow parcel




                                                                     AREA
                           existing districts and uses to the                                                            lines
                           proposed subject site(s).
                     ii.	 Internal circulation and layout of
                           lots fosters a walkable, urban area
                           by adhering to the maximum block                      Location            No more than        Constraints
                                                                                 requirement,        1’ deviation in     related to
                                                                    FRONTAGE
                           lengths as outlined in Section 2004.
                                                                     BUILDING

                                                                                 including           standard            topography,
                     iii.	 Roadways are interconnected                           required building                       pattern of
                                                                                 line                                    existing adjacent
                           and provide safe areas for walking                                                            facades, or lot
                           and biking.                                                                                   dimensions


2002.02 SPECIAL LAND USES                                                        Size and massing    No more than        Constraints
                                                                                                     5% deviation in     related to
                                                                    BUILDING




      A.	 Special Land Uses. As per Section 2005 of the City                     Entrance            standard            topography,
                                                                      TYPE




          of Muskegon Form Based Code, certain uses                              intervals                               pattern of
                                                                                                                         existing adjacent
          require special land use review and approval                           Story height                            facades, or lot
          by the Planning Commission. The special land                                                                   dimensions

          use review and approval process shall adhere
          to Section 2332 of the City of Muskegon Zoning
                                                                    2002.03b MAJOR DEPARTURES
          Ordinance. Specific standards for special land
          uses are determined by Context Area and Use,                               TYPE            MODIFICATION          FINDINGS
          refer to Section 2005.                                                 Area or             No more than        When possible,
                                                                                 boundary of         30% increase or     boundaries shall
                                                                    CONTEXT




                                                                                 context area        decrease            follow   parcel
                                                                     AREA




2002.03 FORM BASED CODE DEPARTURES                                                                                       lines
      A.	 Minor Departures. The Zoning Administrator may,
          at the request of an applicant, waive certain
          minor adjustments to context area boundaries,
          building frontage standards and building type                          Location            More than 1’        Constraints
                                                                                 requirement,        and less than       related to
                                                                    FRONTAGE




          standards as outlined in Table 2002.03a.
                                                                     BUILDING




                                                                                 including           2’ deviation in     topography,
                                                                                 required building   standard            pattern of
                                                                                 line                                    existing adjacent
      B.	 Major Departures. The Planning Commission                                                                      facades, or lot
          may, at the request of the Zoning Administrator                                                                dimensions
          or applicant, waive certain major deviations
          to context area boundaries, building frontage                          Size and massing    No more than        Constraints
                                                                                                     10% deviation in    related to
                                                                    BUILDING




          standards and building type standards.                                 Entrance            standard            topography,
                                                                      TYPE




          Table 2002.03b provides a summary of major                             intervals                               pattern of
                                                                                                                         existing adjacent
          departures.                                                            Story height                            facades, or lot
                                                                                                                         dimensions




2.2                                                               DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2002                                               APPLICABILITY AND PROCEDURES


2002.04 ADOPTION AND EFFECTIVE DATE
     A.	 City of Muskegon
            1.	 Adoption. The City of Muskegon
                Form Based Code was adopted at a
                regular meeting of the Muskegon City
                Commission on May 26, 2015.
            2.	 Effective Date. The City of Muskegon
                Form Based Code shall take effect and
                be in force on and after June 5, 2015 in
                the City of Muskegon.




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                          2.3
APPLICABILITY AND PROCEDURES                                           SECTION 2002




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2.4                                       DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2003                                                                                GENERAL PROVISIONS


2003.00 APPLICABILITY                                                 E.	 Parking Structure Benefit. An increase in
Section 2003 identifies provisions that are general to all                building height may be granted for projects
City of Muskegon Form Based Code Context Areas.                           that incorporate parking structures as part of
                                                                          the development. Parking structures shall meet
Each Context Area established in this code shall meet                     the following requirements to be considered for
the requirements of Section 2003. If there is a conflict                  an incentive:
between this Section and the individual requirements of                      1.	 The parking structures shall meet the
the Context Area or Building Size and Massing Standards,                         requirements of Section 2008 Parking
the requirements of the Context Areas or Building Size and                       Standards.
Massing Standards shall govern.                                              2.	 The parking structures shall provide a
                                                                                 minimum of fifty percent (50%) of its
2003.01 BONUSES AND INCENTIVES                                                   parking spaces as parking available to
       A.	 Purpose and Intent. The Planning Commission                           the public at market rate.
           may grant development incentives to                               3.	 The parking structures shall provide
           applicants to encourage the provision of                              bicycle amenities including bike racks
           certain community benefits or amenities that                          and/or bike lockers that are easily
           are in compliance with 2003.01.                                       accessed from the public right-of-way.

       B.	 Incentives Restricted to Added Benefits.              2003.02 ENCROACHMENTS
           Incentives shall be granted only when the                  A.	 The following architectural elements may
           community benefits or amenities offered would                  project into required setbacks, beyond
           not otherwise be required or are likely to result              required build-to-zones or into the public right-
           from the planning process.                                     of-way as indicated below. For encroachments
                                                                          into the public right-of-way, an encroachment
       C.	 Incentives Permitted. The Planning Commission                  permit shall be obtained from the applicable
           may       grant    the    following  incentives                City department(s).
           commensurate with the benefit provided:                            1.	 Balconies. A balcony with a minimum
              1.	 Downtown Context Area: Building height                          ground clearance of twelve (12) feet
                  may be increased up to 2 additional                             above adjacent grade may extend six
                  stories.                                                        (6) feet maximum from the exterior wall
              2.	 Building height increase bonuses shall                          of the building.
                  require a site plan review and approval                     2.	 Awnings and Canopies. An awning or
                  through the Planning Commission.                                canopy with a minimum ground clearance
              3.	 The Planning Commission reserves the                            of eight (8) feet above adjacent grade
                  right to determine the extent of the                            may extend five (5) feet maximum from
                  increase in height, up to the maximum                           the exterior wall of the building.
                  bonus allowed, based on the extent of                       3.	 Eaves. Building eaves with a minimum
                  the benefit provided.                                           ground clearance of twelve (12) feet
                                                                                  above adjacent grade may extend two
       D.	 Civic Space Benefit. An increase in building                           (2) feet maximum from the exterior wall of
           height may be granted for the creation of                              the building.
           dedicated Civic Space, including greenway                          4.	 Cornice. Building cornices with a minimum
           connections either along 3rd Street and/or                             ground clearance of twelve (12) feet
           over Shoreline Drive connecting the downtown                           above adjacent grade may extend up to
           to the downtown waterfront context area.                               a two (2) foot maximum from the exterior
           Civic Space shall meet one of the following                            wall of the building.
           requirements to be considered for an incentive:                    5.	 Bay Windows. Bay windows with a
              1.	 Civic Space shall be in the form of plazas,                     minimum ground clearance of twelve (12)
                  squares, greens, linear parks, green alleys,                    feet above adjacent grade may extend
                  parklets or parks. Civic spaces do not                          three (3) feet maximum from the exterior
                  include community gardens.                                      wall of the building.
                                                                              6.	 Projecting Signs. Projecting signs with a
                                                                                  minimum ground clearance of eight (8)
                                                                                  feet above adjacent grade may extend
                                                                                  three (3) feet maximum from the exterior
                                                                                  wall of the building.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                            3.1
GENERAL PROVISIONS                                                                                             SECTION 2003


      B.	 Unenclosed porches, stoops, wells and steps                    B.	 Outdoor seating shall require sketch plot review
          may project into required setbacks and beyond                      and approval by the Zoning Administrator.
          required build-to-zones as indicated below.                    C.	 A minimum pedestrian clear space of six (6)
          Unenclosed porches, stoops, wells and steps                        feet shall be provided at all times.
          shall not project into the public right-of-way.
             1.	 Along       principal    frontage      lines:           D.	 Outdoor dining areas shall be designed so as
                 Unenclosed porches, stoops and wells                        to be architecturally compatible with existing
                 (not including steps) may project into                      structures on the site.
                 the front yard or front build-to-zone by no
                 more than ten (10) feet, but shall be no                E.	 If located on public property or within the
                 closer than five (5) feet to the principal                  public right-of-way, an encroachment permit
                 frontage line. Steps may completely                         shall be required. Such permit shall be obtained
                 encroach into the front yard or front build-                through the applicable City department(s).
                 to-zone but shall not extend beyond the
                 principal frontage line.                                F.	 All other standards of Section 2308, Outdoor
             2.	 Along      secondary      frontage     lines:               Dining, found in City’s Zoning Ordinance shall
                 Unenclosed porches, stoops, wells and                       apply.
                 steps may project into the side yard or
                 side build-to-zone provided that they              2003.05 TRANSPARENCY
                 are not closer than three (3) feet to the               A.	 Facade Transparency requirements for building
                 secondary frontage line.                                    elevations facing principal and secondary
             3.	 Along any side or rear non-frontage                         frontage lines are indicated as a percentage of
                 property line: Unenclosed porches,                          clear glass to solid wall in Section 2006 Building
                 stoops, wells and steps may project into                    Type Standards. Transparency shall be subject
                 the side or rear yard setback areas by no                   to the following requirements:
                 more than three (3) feet.                                       1.	 Clear Glass. Only clear or lightly tinted glass
             4.	 Decorative walls and fences may project                             in windows, doors and display windows
                 into setbacks or yards as allowed in                                shall be shall considered transparent.
                 Section 2331 Landscaping, Fencing, Walls,                       2.	 Calculation. The calculation of the
                 Screens and Lighting.                                               percentage of transparency shall include
                                                                                     only the glass within the windows, doors
2003.03 HEIGHT MEASUREMENT OF BUILDINGS                                              and display windows.
      A.	 Building heights shall be measured in number of                        3.	 Reflective Surfaces. The use of highly
          stories.                                                                   reflective surfaces, including reflective
                                                                                     glass and mirrors is prohibited on the
      B.	 Story height shall be measured from floor to ceiling                       ground floor.
          for each floor of a building as indicated by specific                  4.	 Security Shutters. Exterior steel barriers,
          building type.                                                             hurricane curtains and other security devices
                                                                                     are not permitted on the exterior of the
      C.	 Attic and basements are not counted as stories.                            building. If they are located in the interior of
                                                                                     the building, they may not be visible from the
      D.	 Penthouses that are required for elevators and                             sidewalk or public right-of-way during business
          stair enclosures for roof access are not counted as                        hours.
          stories. Penthouses and stair enclosures shall not                     5.	 Interior Display. Interior display shelves and
          extend more than 12 feet from the adjacent roof                            merchandise are not permitted to block or
          surface.                                                                   obscure clear views into or out of the building
                                                                                     at windows, doors or display windows
2003.04 OUTDOOR SEATING                                                              that are included as part of the required
      A.	 Outdoor seating shall be permitted with the                                transparency.
          following building envelope types:                                     6.	 Stairwells. Where stairwells are introduced
              1.	 Mixed Use Building                                                 to the outer building wall of a building,
              2.	 Retail Building                                                    the exterior of the stairwell and exit door
              3.	 Flex Building                                                      shall be at least seventy (70) percent
              4.	 Cottage Retail Building                                            transparent.
              5.	 Live/Work Building
              6.	 Civic Building



3.2                                                               DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2003                                                                                              GENERAL PROVISIONS


2003.06 ACCESSORY BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES                                         B.	 Nonconforming Due to Building Size and
Accessory buildings and structures shall adhere to the                                 Massing. For buildings and structures that do
following:                                                                             not conform to the building size and massing
                                                                                       standards of this Form Based Code, but are
ACCESSORY BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES
                                                                                       otherwise conforming to use, certain relief is
              DETACHED HOUSE                 OTHER BUILDING TYPES
                                                                                       provided and such buildings and structures
              One per lot                     No limit; however review                 shall be deemed conforming. Alterations,
NUMBER




                                              and approval by Zoning
                                              Administrator is required
                                                                                       repair, maintenance or other activities requiring
                                                                                       building permit shall conform to the provisions
                                                                                       of this Form Based Code when such actions
              Up to 600 square feet           No limit; however review                 meet the Applicability provisions contained in
                                              and approval by Zoning
                                                                                       Section 2002.
SIZE




                                              Administrator is required

                                                                                   C.	 Nonconforming Signs. Nonconforming signs
                                                                                       shall meet the provisions of Section 2334, 13.
HEIGHT




              One story, up to 14’                                                        1.	 Nonconforming Sign Removal Incentive.
                                                                                              In an effort to encourage the eventual
                                                                                              elimination of nonconforming signs,
              Setbacks shall adhere to those of the applicable context area                   protect public health, safety, and
SETBACKS




              and shall be setback from front property line by 40’
                                                                                              welfare, as well as reduce visual clutter
              Shall be separated from main building by 10’                                    and improve the aesthetics of the area,
              Shall not be closer to property lines than the main building                    the following incentive is established
                                                                                              to    encourage     conformance       with
              Any part of accessory building facing a front or side street
COMPOSITION




              shall adhere to the transparency requirements of the main                       Section 2009. When a non-conforming
              building, per Building Type Standards, Section 2006.                            sign is removed and replaced with a
                                                                                              conforming sign per Section 2009 of the
                                                                                              Form Based Code, the applicant shall
                                                                                              be eligible for an increase in total sign
               Accessory buildings             Accessory     buildings and                    area not to exceed twenty percent
EXCEPTIONS




               shall not be permitted          structures are permitted in                    (20%) of the permitted sign area of the
               with detached house             all context areas except the
               containing a carriage           Downtown (DT).                                 replacement sign.
               house on the same
               property.
                                                                              2003.09 LIGHTING
                                                                                   A.	 Exterior site lighting, other than flag and
2003.07 ROOF TOP SCREENING                                                             decorative lighting, shall be confined to the
All rooftop mechanical, communication, and similar                                     development site and conform to the following:
devices shall be screened from view of adjacent                                           1.	 Lamps and luminaries shall be shielded,
properties and streets. Screening shall be so designed                                        hooded and/or louvered to provide a
as to be an integral part of the building. The screening                                      glare free area beyond the property line
material shall match the building’s material and color or                                     and beyond any public right-ofway, and
be another material or color that is compatible with the                                      the light source are not directly visible
building exterior.                                                                            from beyond the boundary of the site.
                                                                                          2.	 The light from any illumination source shall
2003.08 NONCONFORMITIES                                                                       be designed so that the light intensity or
Any lawful use of any land or building existing on INSERT                                     brightness at any property line shall not
ADOPTION DATE and located in a zoning district in                                             exceed one (1) foot candle.
which it would not be permitted as a new use under the                                    3.	 Lighting fixtures shall have one hundred
regulations of the Muskegon Form Based Code is hereby                                         percent (100%) cut off above the
declared a nonconforming use and not in violation of this                                     horizontal plane at the lowest part of
section, subject to the regulations of this Section.                                          the point light source. The light rays may
       A.	 Nonconforming Uses of Buildings and Structures.                                    not be emitted by the installed fixture
           Nonconforming uses of buildings and structures                                     at angles above the horizontal plane.
           in the Form Based Code shall adhere to the                                         No light fixture shall be mounted higher
           provisions of Article XXII.                                                        than fifteen (15) feet above the average
                                                                                              grade of the site.




    CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                      3.3
GENERAL PROVISIONS                                                                              SECTION 2003


              4.	 There shall be no lighting of a blinking,
                  flashing, or fluttering nature, including
                  changes in light intensity, brightness or
                  color. Beacon and search lights are not
                  permitted.
              5.	 No colored lights shall be used at any
                  location or in any manner so as to be
                  confused with or construed as traffic
                  control devices.

2003.10 APPEALS
An appeal may be taken to the Zoning Board of Appeals
by any person, firm or corporation, or by any officer,
department, board or bureau affected by a decision of
the Zoning Administrator. Such appeal process shall follow
the process and procedures of Article XXV of the City of
Muskegon Zoning Ordinance.

2003.11 FENCING
Fencing shall be permitted with approval of the Zoning
Administrator. Fencing shall adhere to Section 2331, 12-19
and the following additional provisions:
   A.	 Fencing shall be permitted in rear and side yards
       only, and located behind the front building wall.

    B.	 Fencing shall be a maximum of three (3) feet in
        height along side property lines; and six (6) feet in
        height at rear property lines.

    C.	 Chain link fencing shall be prohibited.


2003.12 TRASH ENCLOSURES
Open storage or refuse areas, including trash enclosures
shall adhere to the following:
     A.	 Opaque Screen Wall. An opaque screen wall
         (vertical structured barrier to visibility at all times
         such as a fence or wall) is required around three
         (3) sides of the dumpster and trash bin area. Height
         shall not exceed six (6) feet.

    B.	 Trash enclosures shall not be placed or face a front
        or side street.

    C.	 Trash enclosures shall be located behind the front
        building wall.




 3.4                                                               DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2004                                                           SUBDIVISION AND ACCESS STANDARDS


2004.00 APPLICABILITY                                            2004.03 ACCESS REQUIREMENTS
The subdivision of lands within the Form Based Code district            A.	 Alley access is encouraged within all Context
shall adhere to Chapter 78 of the City of Muskegon Code                     Areas.
of Ordinances, except as provided herein. Note that                     B.	 Existing alleys are encouraged to be maintained.
where the Design and Layout Standards within Chapter
78 contradict the standards herein, the standards herein                C.	 Cross access easements shall be provided
shall take precedence.                                                      when feasible as an access management
                                                                            strategy, especially within the Mainstreet
2004.01 LOT REQUIREMENTS                                                    Waterfront Context Area. Cross access ways
       A.	 Access. Blocks and Lots shall abut a Street,                     shall be designed as Rear Alleys.
           Avenue or Alley, as defined in Section 2005,
           Context Areas and Uses. Double frontage lots                 D.	 Cross access agreements shall be legally
           shall be permitted, provided that the applicant                  binding and allow interconnected vehicular
           identify a principal frontage to orient building                 and pedestrian access in perpetuity.
           types. Buildings shall face streets, right-of-ways,
                                                                        E.	 Rear alleys shall be contiguous along adjacent
           or civic spaces.
                                                                            property lines, forming a travel way parallel to
                                                                            the primary thoroughfare.
       B.	 Width and Depth. Lot width shall be as follows:
             1.	 Residential. Residential lots for detached             F.	 Similar building types shall face each other
                 house types shall be at least 40’ in width.                across a Street or Avenue, while Alleys may be
                 Live/work and/or rowhouse lots shall be                    used to transition between building types.
                 at least 18’ in width.
             2.	 Commercial. Commercial or mixed use             2004.04 DRIVEWAY REQUIREMENTS
                 lots within all Context Areas shall be at              A.	 Commercial.
                 least 25’ in width.                                          1.	 For access management purposes,
             3.	 The maximum lot width to depth ratio                             driveways shall be shared and connect
                 shall be 1:4.                                                    to a rear alley when available.
             4.	 Applicant is encouraged to verify site                       2.	 A shared driveway access agreement
                 dimensional requirements for desired                             shall be reviewed and approved by
                 building type and applicable frontage                            the City Attorney prior to subdivision
                 standards prior to platting.                                     approval.

2004.02 BLOCK REQUIREMENTS                                       2004.05 PLATTING REQUIREMENTS
       A.	 Length. Blocks shall be not less than 500 feet nor    The subdivision of lands shall follow the review and
           more than 1,250 feet.                                 approval process as provided in Chapter 78.

       B.	 Width. Width shall be as necessary to meet            2004.06 SIDEWALKS
           site dimensional requirements for applicable          Sidewalks shall be provided in accordance with the Street
           building types. Applicants are encouraged to          Space Standards for the applicable Context Area.
           consider providing civic space in the form of
           plazas, pocket parks, or other public gathering
           areas dispersed in 1/4 mile increments and not
           less than 2,500 square feet in area.

       C.	 Block Frontage. Blocks shall be bounded by
           public right-of-way, civic space, public access
           easements, or the waterfront.

       D.	 Connectivity. New streets shall connect to
           existing streets where ever possible. Cul-de-sacs
           shall not be permitted.




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                            4.1
SUBDIVISION AND ACCESS STANDARDS                                      SECTION 2004




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4.2                                      DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                   CONTEXT AREAS AND USE


2005.00 PURPOSE
Section 2005 identifies the Context Areas and Uses
established for the City of Muskegon Form Based Code
and provides the attributes that are allowed in each Area.
These attributes include use, building types, and building
height. These Context Areas ensure that proposed
development is consistent with the desires and outcomes
of the 2003 Imagine Muskegon Plan, the 2008 Downtown
and Lakeshore Redevelopment Plan, and the 2015 City of
Muskegon Parking Strategy.

Each of the Context Areas described in this Section
represent a spectrum of development character and
intensity, ranging from the most urban intense (Downtown)
to the least urban intense (Residential). Each Context
Area establishes character through its use of Building
Types (Section 2006).

2005.01 APPLICABILITY
Each Context Area established in the Context Area Map
shall meet the standards of this Section. Each Context
Area includes permitted and special uses (if applicable),
Building Types, and building height. Key maps are provided
to quickly discern the context area location within the City
of Muskegon.




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                      5.1
            CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                      SECTION 2005


            2005.02 CONTEXT AREA MAP
            This Map contains Context Areas for the Muskegon Form Based Code



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gulating Plan                               Legend
         PUBLIC REALM CONTEXT AREA MAP LEGEND
owntownDOWNTOWN
        Form-based
                (DT) CodeMAINSTREET WATERFRONT (MSW)                        DT, Downtown                                    NEIGHBORHOOD
                                                                                                                          MSW,                 EDGE (NE)
                                                                                                                               Mainstreet Waterfront                                   NE, Neighborhood Edge                                                                           ! ! ! !

ty of MuskegonMAINSTREET (MS)              NEIGHBORHOOD CORE (NC)                         URBAN RESIDENTIAL (UR)
                                                             MS, Mainstreet            NC, Neighborhood Core                UR, Urban Residential
arch 2015           REQUIRED GROUND FLOOR ACTIVE USES (REFER TO PERMITTED USES IN SECTION 2005 AND DEFINITIONS IN SECTION 2010)      NORTH



             5.2                                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
                                                        SECTION 2005                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2005.02 CONTEXT AREA MAP (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           This Map contains Context Areas for the Muskegon Form Based Code
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              DT, Downtown                                                             MSW, Mainstreet Waterfront                                                                       NE, Neighborhood Edge                                                                             ! ! ! ! ! !                     Active Edge
                                                        UR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 inch = 700 feet
              MS, Mainstreet                                                           NC, Neighborhood Core                                                                            UR, Urban Residential
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              UR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0                         350                   700                               1,400
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Feet




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       [
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PUBLIC REALM CONTEXT AREA MAP LEGEND
                                                                    DOWNTOWN (DT)
                                              MSW, Mainstreet Waterfront      NE, Neighborhood Edge MAINSTREET      WATERFRONT
                                                                                                     ! ! ! ! ! ! Active Edge   (MSW)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   NEIGHBORHOOD EDGE (NE)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1 inch = 700 feet
                                                                                               MAINSTREET (MS)                                                                                                        NEIGHBORHOOD CORE (NC)                                                                                                                                                           URBAN RESIDENTIAL (UR)
                                              NC, Neighborhood Core                                                             UR, Urban Residential                                                                                                                                                                                     0                              350                 700                                               1,400
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Feet
                                                        NORTH                                                    REQUIRED GROUND FLOOR ACTIVE USES (REFER TO PERMITTED USES IN SECTION 2005 AND DEFINITIONS IN SECTION 2010)



                                                        CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              5.3
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                  SECTION 2005


2005.03 CONTEXT AREAS OVERVIEW
Context Areas for the Muskegon Form Based Code are summarized as follows:
MORE URBAN


 DT                                          MS                                       MSW
 DOWNTOWN                                    MAINSTREET                               MAINSTREET WATERFRONT




DOWNTOWN DESCRIPTION                        MAINSTREET DESCRIPTION                   MS WATERFRONT DESCRIPTION
This Context Area is characterized by       This Context Area is characterized by    This Context Area is similar to the
mixed use buildings set next to the         mixed use buildings set next to the      Mainstreet Context Area and is
sidewalk in order to create a street        sidewalk in order to create a street     characterized by mixed use buildings
wall and promote commerce and               wall and promote commerce and            set next to the sidewalk in order to
shopping. These buildings contain           shopping. These buildings contain        create a street wall and promote
street level retail uses with residential   primarily street level retail uses,      commerce and shopping. Buildings
and office uses on the upper floors.        however, residential and service uses    in this district are required to have
This Context Area has a high level of       may occur on the ground floor so         setbacks on the upper floors so that
transit service that can help off-set       that the area can mature over time.      lakeshore views are maintained.
the need for off-street parking and         This Context Area has a high level of
promote walkability.                        walkability and vibrancy at the street
                                            level.

The   following      are    generally       The   following      are   generally     The   following      are   generally
appropriate form elements in this           appropriate form elements in this        appropriate form elements in this
Context Area:                               Context Area:                            Context Area:
      A.	 Attached buildings                      A.	 Attached buildings                   A.	 Attached buildings
      B.	 Medium to large building                B.	 Medium to large building             B.	 Medium to large building
          footprint                                   footprint                                footprint
      C.	 Building at the Right-of-               C.	 Building at or near the              C.	 Building at or near the
          Way                                         Right-of-Way                             Right-of-Way
      D.	 No side setbacks                        D.	 Small side setbacks                  D.	 Small side setbacks
      E.	 Storefront frontages                    E.	 Varied frontages with an             E.	 Varied frontages with an
                                                      emphasis on commercial                   emphasis on commercial



 5.4                                                          DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                           CONTEXT AREAS AND USE


                                                                     2005.03 CONTEXT AREAS OVERVIEW (continued)
                                          Context Areas for the Muskegon Form Based Code are summarized as follows:
                                                                                                       L ESS U RBA N


NC                                         NE                                        UR
NEIGHBORHOOD CORE                          NEIGHBORHOOD EDGE                         URBAN RESIDENTIAL




NEIGHBORHOOD CORE DESCRIPTION             NEIGHBORHOOD EDGE DESCRIPTION             URBAN RESIDENTIAL DESCRIPTION
This Context Area is characterized by     This Context Area is characterized        This Context Area is characterized
a wide variety of building types that     by a wide range of residential            by a wide variety of residential
can accommodate retail, service,          building types that have a variety of     buildings types that have a range
office, and residential uses. Buildings   setback conditions within a compact       of setback conditions within a
are typically close to the street         walkable block structure. Retail and      compact walkable block structure.
and form nodes of activity at key         office enterprises may occur in various   Small retail enterprises may occur at
intersections. This Context Area forms    locations within the block structure.     strategic corner locations within live
a transitional area between the more      This Context Area provides a variety      / work buildings. This Context Area
intense Context Areas of the Form         of medium and small residential           is typically adjacent to single family
Based Code area and the existing          building types that transition between    residential districts.
residential neighborhoods that are        the existing neighborhoods.
adjacent to downtown Muskegon.

The   following      are    generally     The   following     are     generally     The   following       are    generally
appropriate form elements in this         appropriate form elements in this         appropriate form elements in this
Context Area:                             Context Area:                             Context Area:
      A.	 Primarily attached                    A.	 Attached and detached                 A.	 Attached and detached
          buildings                                 buildings                                 residential buildings
      B.	 Medium to large building              B.	 Medium building footprints            B.	 Medium to small building
          footprint                             C.	 Varied front setbacks                     footprint
      C.	 Varied front setbacks                 D.	 Medium to small side                  C.	 Varied front setbacks
      D.	 Small side setbacks                       setbacks                              D.	 Medium side setbacks
      E.	 Varied frontages                      E.	 Varied frontages                      E.	 Primarily stoops and porch
                                                                                              frontages



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                          5.5
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                        SECTION 2005


2005.04 SUMMARY OF BUILDING TYPES PERMITTED IN EACH CONTEXT AREA
                                                                                                           CONTEXT AREAS
                     BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                          MSW         NC                NE              UR
                WITH FRONTAGE OPTION                                          DT
                                                                           DOWNTOWN
                                                                                            MS
                                                                                         MAINSTREET    MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD   NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                                                                                       WATERFRONT        CORE           EDGE        RESIDENTIAL

                                                  with STOREFRONT          By Right      By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with BALCONY             By Right      By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
MIXED-USE
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional   Conditional    Conditional   Conditional    Conditional
                                                  with FORECOURT           By Right      By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH                                                   By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOREFRONT                        By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
         BUILDING
RETAIL

           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE                          Conditional    Conditional   Conditional    Conditional
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH                                                   By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOREFRONT                        By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
         BUILDING TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE                          Conditional    Conditional   Conditional    Conditional
FLEX




                                                  with FORECOURT                         By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with DOORYARD                          By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOREFRONT                                                      By Right       By Right
COTTAGE

                    BUILDING
 RETAIL




                                                  with DOORYARD                                                        By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOOP                                                           By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOREFRONT                        By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                   At corner lots
         BUILDING




                                                  with DOORYARD                          By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right         only
           TYPE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL                         By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                                                                                                                   At corner lots
                                                  with STOOP                             By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right         only
                                                  with FORECOURT                         By Right       By Right       By Right
                    BUILDING TYPE BUILDING TYPE
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with DOORYARD                          By Right       By Right       By Right
 LARGE




                                                  with STOOP                                                           By Right
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH                                                By Right
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with STOOP                                                           By Right       By Right       By Right
 SMALL




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH                                                By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH                                                   By Right       By Right       By Right
ROWHOUSE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL                         By Right       By Right       By Right
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with STOOP                             By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH                                                By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOOP                                                                          By Right       By Right
         BUILDING
DUPLEX

           TYPE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH                                                               By Right       By Right
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH                                                                  By Right       By Right
                    BUILDING TYPE
DETACHED




                                                  with STOOP                                                                          By Right       By Right
 HOUSE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH                                                               By Right       By Right
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH                                                                  By Right       By Right
CARRIAGE HOUSE BUILDING TYPE                                                                                                          By Right       By Right
CIVIC BUILDING TYPE                                                        By Right      By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in specified Public Realm Context Area.


    5.6                                                                                             DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                               CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                                            2005.05 DOWNTOWN (DT) CONTEXT AREA
 1.0 CONTEXT AREA INTENT AND DESCRIPTION
INTENT
To reinforce and enhance the downtown city core and
to enable it to evolve into a complete neighborhood that
provides local and regional service, retail, entertainment,
civic, and public uses, as well as a variety of urban housing
choices.

DESCRIPTION
This Context Area is characterized by mixed use buildings
set next to the sidewalk in order to create a street wall
and promote commerce and shopping. These buildings
contain street level retail uses with residential and office
uses on the upper floors. This context area has a high level
of transit service that can help off-set the need for off-
street parking and promote walkability.

The following are generally appropriate form elements in
this Context Area:
        A.	 Attached buildings
        B.	 Medium to large building footprint
        C.	 Building at the Right-of-Way
        D.	 No side setbacks
        E.	 Storefront frontages



 2.0 CONTEXT AREA LOCATION




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                  5.7
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                 SECTION 2005
2005.05 DOWNTOWN (DT) CONTEXT AREA
    3.0 PERMITTED BUILDING TYPES, BUILDING TYPE HEIGHTS, AND BUILDING TYPE LOT SIZES

                     BUILDING TYPE                                                                 DOWNTOWN (DT) CONTEXT AREA
                                                                          PERMITTED IN
                WITH FRONTAGE OPTION                                      CONTEXT AREA
                                                                                               BUILDING HEIGHT                          BUILDING LOT SIZE

                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      12 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with BALCONY              By Right      12 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
MIXED-USE
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional *   12 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      12 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH
                                                  with STOREFRONT
         BUILDING
RETAIL

           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH
                                                  with STOREFRONT
         BUILDING TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE
FLEX




                                                  with FORECOURT
                                                  with DOORYARD
                                                  with STOREFRONT
COTTAGE

                    BUILDING
 RETAIL




                                                  with DOORYARD
                                                  with STOOP
                                                  with STOREFRONT
LIVE / WORK
         BUILDING




                                                  with DOORYARD
           TYPE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL
                                                  with STOOP
                                                  with FORECOURT
                    BUILDING TYPE BUILDING TYPE
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with DOORYARD
 LARGE




                                                  with STOOP
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with STOOP
 SMALL




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH
ROWHOUSE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with STOOP
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with STOOP
         BUILDING
DUPLEX

           TYPE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH
                    BUILDING TYPE
DETACHED




                                                  with STOOP
 HOUSE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH
CARRIAGE HOUSE BUILDING TYPE
CIVIC BUILDING TYPE                                                         By Right      4 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
Shaded areas represent Building Types and / or frontages that are not permitted in specified Context Area.
* Refer to the Building Type with specific frontage option in Section 2006 for buildings and frontages labeled as Conditional.

    5.8                                                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                  CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                                               2005.05 DOWNTOWN (DT) CONTEXT AREA
 4.0 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.01 for building site placement.           ILLUSTRATION 5.01 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Build-to-Line (at front street):
                ■■ 0 feet - required build-to-line (no setback
                   is permitted in this Context Area, building
                                                                              C
                   facade shall be at front property line).
                                                                                                          REAR PROPERTY LINE

       B.	 Side Build-to-Line (at side street):                                                                                                                                 D
              ■■ 0 feet - required build-to-line (no setback
                 is permitted in this Context Area, building
                 facade shall be at side property line).

       C.	 Side Setback (at non-street locations):                                                                    B
              ■■ 0 feet from side property line.




                                                                                     SIDE PROPERTY LINE
       D.	 Rear Setback:                                                                                       BUILDING                                                         E
             ■■ 0 feet from rear property line.                                                               FOOTPRINT




                                                                                                                                                          SIDE STREET
                                                                                                                                     SIDE PROPERTY LINE
       E.	 Encroachments: Balconies, awnings, canopies,
           eaves, cornices, and bay windows may project
           into required setbacks, beyond required build-
                                                                                                                          A
           to-zones, or into the public right-of-way as
           indicated in Section 2003.02.                           FRONT PROPERTY
                                                                   LINE



                                                                                                             FRONT STREET




 5.0 PARKING PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.02 for on-site parking placement.         ILLUSTRATION 5.02 PARKING PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Setback:
                ■■ 40 feet minimum from front property line.
                                                                                                                                                                            D
       B.	 Side Setback (from side street):
              ■■ 5 feet minimum from side property line.                                                  REAR PROPERTY LINE


       C.	 Side Setback (from non-street locations):                                                            E
              ■■ 0 feet from side property line.                              C
                                                                                                                                                            F
       D.	 Rear Setback:                                           ON-SITE PARKING
             ■■ 0 feet from rear property line at non-street       PERMITTED IN
                                                                   HATCHED AREA
                locations.
                                                                                                                B
             ■■ 5 feet from rear property line at street
                locations.
                                                                                     SIDE PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                          E                                                     G
       E.	 Parking located at side or rear street locations
           shall be screened from the street as required by
           Section 2008.14.
                                                                                                                              SIDE PROPERTY



                                                                                                                                                          SIDE STREET




                                                                                                                                                                        A
                                                                                                                                   LINE




       F.	 Parking / service areas shall not be accessed
           from front streets, unless an alley or side street      FRONT PROPERTY
           is not available for driveway placement.                LINE
           Maximum width of driveway is 20 feet.
                                                                                                             FRONT STREET
       G.	Driveway access location:
             ■■ Corner lot: 40 feet minimum from street
                corner.
             ■■ Interior lot: within 5 feet of side property
                line, when alley is not available.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                      5.9
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                                                                                   SECTION 2005
2005.05 DOWNTOWN (DT) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES

                                              DOWNTOWN (DT) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Accessory buildings and uses                                                P

Amusement and recreation facility                                            P

Auto service station

Bank                                                                        P

Business school/private or public school/higher ed.                         S

Church

Club, lodge, hall

Gallery/museum                                                              P                                                                                                                                                                                         P
Hotel/motel                                                                 P

Indoor theater/live music concert hall                                      P

Light manufacturing

Machine shop

Micro brewery, distillery, winery under 2500 barrels                        P

Micro brewery, distillery, winery over 2500 barrels                         P

Multi-family                                                               P*

Office                                                                      P

Outdoor recreation

Outdoor theater

Parking structure                                                            S

Personal service                                                             P

Railway terminal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     P
Research and development

Restaurant, cocktail lounge, brewpub                                         P
Retail                                                                       P

Shipping, port related activity

P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.




 5.10                                                                                   DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                                                                            CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                                                                2005.05 DOWNTOWN (DT) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES (continued)

                                              DOWNTOWN (DT) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Shared/Co-op housing                                                       P*

Single-family residential

Taxi/limo service                                                           P

Two-family residential

Uses similar to permitted uses                                              P                                                                                                                                                                                        P
Uses similar to special uses                                                P                                                                                                                                                                                        P
Veterinary and kennel

Warehousing

Wind turbine




P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                                                                                               5.11
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                SECTION 2005




                        This page left intentionally blank




5.12                                    DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                            CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                                        2005.06 MAINSTREET (MS) CONTEXT AREA
 1.0 CONTEXT AREA INTENT AND DESCRIPTION
INTENT
To provide a focal point that serves the city’s
neighborhoods by accommodating retail, service, and
residential uses in a compact, walkable urban form.

DESCRIPTION
This Context Area is characterized by mixed use buildings
set next to the sidewalk in order to create a street wall
and promote commerce and shopping. These buildings
contain primarily street level retail uses, however,
residential and service uses may occur on the ground
floor so that the area can mature over time. This Context
Area has a high level of walkability and vibrancy at the
street level.

The following are generally appropriate form elements in
this Context Area:
        A.	 Attached buildings
        B.	 Medium to large building footprint
        C.	 Building at or near the Right-of-Way
        D.	 Small side setbacks
        E.	 Varied frontages with an emphasis on
            commercial



 2.0 CONTEXT AREA LOCATION




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                              5.13
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                SECTION 2005
2005.06 MAINSTREET (MS) CONTEXT AREA
    3.0 PERMITTED BUILDING TYPES, BUILDING TYPE HEIGHTS, AND BUILDING TYPE LOT SIZES

                     BUILDING TYPE                                                                 MAINSTREET (MS) CONTEXT AREA
                                                                          PERMITTED IN
                WITH FRONTAGE OPTION                                      CONTEXT AREA
                                                                                               BUILDING HEIGHT                          BUILDING LOT SIZE

                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      8 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with BALCONY              By Right      8 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
MIXED-USE
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional *   8 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      8 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right         1 story building limit    Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING
RETAIL

           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional*       1 story building limit    Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.

                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional*    6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
FLEX




                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with STOREFRONT
COTTAGE

                    BUILDING
 RETAIL




                                                  with DOORYARD
                                                  with STOOP
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
LIVE / WORK
         BUILDING




                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
           TYPE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL            By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                  with STOOP                By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 75’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                    BUILDING TYPE BUILDING TYPE
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 75’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
 LARGE




                                                  with STOOP
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with STOOP
 SMALL




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH
ROWHOUSE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL            By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 30’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with STOOP                By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 30’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with STOOP
         BUILDING
DUPLEX

           TYPE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH
                    BUILDING TYPE
DETACHED




                                                  with STOOP
 HOUSE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH
CARRIAGE HOUSE BUILDING TYPE
CIVIC BUILDING TYPE                                                         By Right      4 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
Shaded areas represent Building Types and / or frontages that are not permitted in specified Context Area.
* Refer to the Building Type with specific frontage option in Section 2006 for buildings and frontages labeled as Conditional.

    5.14                                                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                      CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                                               2005.06 MAINSTREET (MS) CONTEXT AREA
 4.0 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.03 for building site placement.           ILLUSTRATION 5.03 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Build-to-Zone (at front street):
                ■■ Required build-to-zone from 0 to 15 feet
                                                                              C                                                                             B
                   from front property line.
                                                                   REAR PROPERTY
              ■■ Mixed-Use and Retail Building Types in this       LINE
                 Context Area shall have facade placed                                                                                                                            D
                 at front property line (required build-to-
                 line at front property line).

       B.	 Side Build-to-Zone (at side street):
              ■■ Required build-to-zone from 0 to 15 feet
                 from side property line.




                                                                                     SIDE PROPERTY LINE
              ■■ Mixed-Use and Retail Building Types in this                                                    BUILDING                                                          E
                 Context Area shall have facade placed                                                         FOOTPRINT
                 at side property line (required build-to-line




                                                                                                                                                            SIDE STREET
                                                                                                                                       SIDE PROPERTY LINE
                 at side property line).

       C.	 Side Setback (at non-street locations):
              ■■ 0 feet from side property line.
                                                                   FRONT PROPERTY
                                                                   LINE
       D.	 Rear Setback:
             ■■ 0 feet from rear property line.
                                                                                                                 FRONT STREET
       E.	 Encroachments: Balconies, awnings, canopies,
           eaves, cornices, and bay windows, may project                                                  A
           into required setbacks, beyond required build-
           to-zones, or into the public right-of-way as
           indicated in Section 2003.02.




 5.0 PARKING PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.04 for on-site parking placement.         ILLUSTRATION 5.04 PARKING PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Setback:
                ■■ 40 feet minimum from front property line.
                                                                                                                                                                              D
       B.	 Side Setback (from side street):
              ■■ 5 feet minimum from side property line.                                                      REAR PROPERTY LINE


       C.	 Side Setback (from non-street locations):                                                                E
              ■■ 0 feet from side property line.                              C
                                                                                                                                                              F
       D.	 Rear Setback:                                           ON-SITE PARKING
             ■■ 0 feet from rear property line at non-street       PERMITTED IN
                                                                   HATCHED AREA
                locations.
                                                                                                                    B
             ■■ 5 feet from rear property line at street
                locations.
                                                                                     SIDE PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                            E                                                     G
       E.	 Parking located at side or rear street locations
           shall be screened from the street as required by
           Section 2008.14.
                                                                                                                                SIDE PROPERTY



                                                                                                                                                            SIDE STREET




                                                                                                                                                                          A
                                                                                                                                     LINE




       F.	 Parking / service areas shall not be accessed
           from front streets, unless an alley or side street      FRONT PROPERTY
           is not available for driveway placement.                LINE
           Maximum width of driveway is 20 feet.
                                                                                                                 FRONT STREET
       G.	Driveway access location:
             ■■ Corner lot: 40 feet minimum from street
                corner.
             ■■ Interior lot: within 5 feet of side property
                line, when alley is not available.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                    5.15
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                                                                                   SECTION 2005
2005.06 MAINSTREET (MS) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES

                                              MAINSTREET (MS) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Accessory buildings and uses                                                 P               P              P                                P                 P                                    P

Amusement and recreation facility                                            P                P              P

Auto service station

Bank                                                                        P                P              P

Business school/private or public school/higher ed.                          P               P              P

Church                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               P
Club, lodge, hall                                                                                           P

Gallery/museum                                                              P                               P                                                                                                                                                         P
Hotel/motel                                                                 P

Indoor theater/live music concert hall                                      P                               P

Light manufacturing

Machine shop

Micro brewery, distillery, winery under 2500 barrels                        P               P              P
Micro brewery, distillery, winery over 2500 barrels                         P               P               P

Multi-family                                                               P*                              P*                                                  P
Office                                                                      P                P              P                                P                P#

Outdoor recreation

Outdoor theater

Parking structure                                                            S

Personal service                                                             P              P               P                                P               P#

Railway terminal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     P
Research and development

Restaurant, cocktail lounge, brewpub                                         P              P              P                                               P#

Retail                                                                       P               P              P                                P             P#

Shipping, port related activity

P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.




 5.16                                                                                   DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                                                                            CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                                                                 2005.06 MAINSTREET (MS) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES (continued)

                                              MAINSTREET (MS) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Shared/Co-op housing                                                        P*                             P*                                                  P

Single-family residential                                                                                                                    P                                                      P

Taxi/limo service                                                            P                              P                                 P

Two-family residential

Uses similar to permitted uses                                               P              P               P                                 P                P                                    P                                                                 P

Uses similar to special uses                                                 P              P                P                                 P               P                                    P                                                                 P

Veterinary and kennel

Warehousing

Wind turbine




P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                                                                                               5.17
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                SECTION 2005




                        This page left intentionally blank




5.18                                    DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                   CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                  2005.07 MAINSTREET WATERFRONT (MSW) CONTEXT AREA
 1.0 CONTEXT AREA INTENT AND DESCRIPTION
INTENT
To provide a waterfront focal point that serves the city’s
neighborhoods and the region by accommodating retail,
service, and residential uses in a compact, walkable
urban form.

DESCRIPTION
This Context Area is similar to the Mainstreet Context Area
and is characterized by mixed use buildings set next to
the sidewalk in order to create a street wall and promote
commerce and shopping. Buildings in this district are
required to have setbacks on the upper floors so that
lakeshore views are maintained.

The following are generally appropriate form elements in
this Context Area:
        A.	 Attached buildings
        B.	 Medium to large building footprint
        C.	 Building at or near the Right-of-Way
        D.	 Small side setbacks
        E.	 Varied frontages with an emphasis on
            commercial




 2.0 CONTEXT AREA LOCATION




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                     5.19
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                    SECTION 2005
2005.07 MAINSTREET WATERFRONT (MSW) CONTEXT AREA
    3.0 PERMITTED BUILDING TYPES, BUILDING TYPE HEIGHTS, AND BUILDING TYPE LOT SIZES

                     BUILDING TYPE                                                        MAINSTREET WATERFRONT (MSW) CONTEXT AREA
                                                                          PERMITTED IN
                WITH FRONTAGE OPTION                                      CONTEXT AREA
                                                                                               BUILDING HEIGHT                              BUILDING LOT SIZE

                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      12 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                  with BALCONY              By Right      12 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
MIXED-USE
         BUILDING




                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                                                          12 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional *      (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      12 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right         1 story building limit        Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING
RETAIL

           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional*       1 story building limit        Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.

                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING TYPE




                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional*    6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
FLEX




                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                  with STOREFRONT
COTTAGE

                    BUILDING
 RETAIL




                                                  with DOORYARD
                                                  with STOOP
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
LIVE / WORK




                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                                                          3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
         BUILDING




                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right         (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
           TYPE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL            By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                  with STOOP                By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 75’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                    BUILDING TYPE BUILDING TYPE




                                                                                            (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      6 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 75’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
 LARGE




                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
                                                  with STOOP
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with STOOP
 SMALL




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH
ROWHOUSE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL            By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 30’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with STOOP                By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 30’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with STOOP
         BUILDING
DUPLEX

           TYPE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH
                    BUILDING TYPE
DETACHED




                                                  with STOOP
 HOUSE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH
CARRIAGE HOUSE BUILDING TYPE
CIVIC BUILDING TYPE                                                         By Right      4 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                                                             (refer to Section 2005.07.7)
Shaded areas represent Building Types and / or frontages that are not permitted in specified Context Area.
* Refer to the Building Type with specific frontage option in Section 2006 for buildings and frontages labeled as Conditional.

    5.20                                                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                    CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                   2005.07 MAINSTREET WATERFRONT (MSW) CONTEXT AREA
 4.0 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.05 for building site placement.          ILLUSTRATION 5.05 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Build-to-Zone (at front street):
                ■■ Required build-to-zone from 0 to 15 feet
                   from front property line.                                C                                                                             B

                                                                 REAR PROPERTY
              ■■ Mixed-Use and Retail Building Types in this     LINE
                 Context Area shall have facade placed
                 at front property line (required build-to-                                                                                                                     D
                 line at front property line).

              ■■ Front   build-to-zone     for    Mainstreet
                 Waterfront Context Area shall also be
                 applied to any property lines or easements
                 that face the waterfront.




                                                                                   SIDE PROPERTY LINE
       B.	 Side Build-to-Zone (at side street):                                                              BUILDING                                                           E
              ■■ Required build-to-zone from 0 to 15 feet                                                   FOOTPRINT
                 from side property line.




                                                                                                                                                          SIDE STREET
                                                                                                                                     SIDE PROPERTY LINE
              ■■ Mixed-Use and Retail Building Types in this
                 Context Area shall have facade placed
                 at side property line (required build-to-line
                 at side property line).                         FRONT PROPERTY
                                                                 LINE
       C.	 Side Setback (at non-street locations):
              ■■ 0 feet from side property line.                                                               FRONT STREET

       D.	 Rear Setback:
             ■■ 0 feet from rear property line.                                                         A

       E.	 Encroachments: Balconies, awnings, canopies,
           eaves, cornices, and bay windows, may project
           into required setbacks, beyond required build-
           to-zones, or into the public right-of-way as
           indicated in Section 2003.02.

 5.0 PARKING PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.06 for on-site parking placement.        ILLUSTRATION 5.06 PARKING PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Setback:
                ■■ 40 feet minimum from front property line.
                                                                                                                                                                            D
       B.	 Side Setback (from side street):
              ■■ 5 feet minimum from side property line.                                                    REAR PROPERTY LINE


       C.	 Side Setback (from non-street locations):                                                              E
              ■■ 0 feet from side property line.                            C
                                                                                                                                                            F
       D.	 Rear Setback:                                         ON-SITE PARKING
             ■■ 0 feet from rear property line at non-street     PERMITTED IN
                                                                 HATCHED AREA
                locations.
                                                                                                                  B
             ■■ 5 feet from rear property line at street
                locations.
                                                                                   SIDE PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                          E                                                     G
       E.	 Parking located at side or rear street locations
           shall be screened from the street as required by
           Section 2008.14.
                                                                                                                              SIDE PROPERTY



                                                                                                                                                          SIDE STREET




                                                                                                                                                                        A
                                                                                                                                   LINE




       F.	 Parking / service areas shall not be accessed
           from front streets, unless an alley or side street    FRONT PROPERTY
           is not available for driveway placement.              LINE
           Maximum width of driveway is 20 feet.
                                                                                                               FRONT STREET
       G.	Driveway access location:
             ■■ Corner lot: 40 feet minimum from street
                corner.
             ■■ Interior lot: within 5 feet of side property
                line, when alley is not available.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                  5.21
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                                                                                   SECTION 2005
2005.07 MAINSTREET WATERFRONT (MSW) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES

                                   MAINSTREET WATERFRONT (MSW) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Accessory buildings and uses                                                 P               P              P                                P                 P                                    P

Amusement and recreation facility                                            P                P              P

Auto service station

Bank                                                                        P                P              P

Business school/private or public school/higher ed.                                                         P

Church                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               P
Club, lodge, hall                                                                                           P

Gallery/museum                                                              P                               P                                                                                                                                                         P
Hotel/motel                                                                 P

Indoor theater/live music concert hall                                      P                               P

Light manufacturing

Machine shop

Micro brewery, distillery, winery under 2500 barrels                        P               P              P
Micro brewery, distillery, winery over 2500 barrels                         P               P               P

Multi-family                                                               P*                              P*                                                   P

Office                                                                      P                P              P                                P

Outdoor recreation                                                          P                P              P

Outdoor theater                                                                             P

Parking structure                                                            S

Personal service                                                             P              P               P                                P

Railway terminal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     P
Research and development

Restaurant, cocktail lounge, brewpub                                         P              P              P

Retail                                                                       P               P              P                                P

Shipping, port related activity                                                                             P

P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.




 5.22                                                                                   DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                                                                            CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                            2005.07 MAINSTREET WATERFRONT (MSW) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES (continued)

                                             MAINSTREET (MSW) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Shared/Co-op housing                                                        P*                             P*                                                  P

Single-family residential                                                                                                                    P                                                      P

Taxi/limo service                                                            P                              P                                 P
Two-family residential

Uses similar to permitted uses                                              P               P                P                                P                P                                    P                                                                 P

Uses similar to special uses                                                P                P               P                                P                P                                    P                                                                 P
Veterinary and kennel

Warehousing

Wind turbine                                                                                                  P




P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                                                                                               5.23
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                     SECTION 2005
2005.07 MAINSTREET WATERFRONT (MSW) CONTEXT AREA
 7.0 CONDITIONAL PERMITTING OF BUILDING TYPES
Refer to Illustration 5.07 for upper story setbacks that         ILLUSTRATION 5.07 UPPER STORY SETBACKS
are required for all buildings located in the Mainstreet
Waterfront Context Area.                                                                   A
       A.	 Upper stories above the second floor and
           facing front and side streets are required to be                                B
           setback from the front and side property line 12
           feet minimum and 30 feet maximum.

       B.	 Upper stories above the second floor and facing
                                                                       UPPER FLOORS
           the waterfront (Waterfront Edge Public Realm
           in Section 2007) are required to be setback                                         C
           from the waterfront edge 20 feet minimum and
           30 feet maximum.
                                                                       THIRD FLOOR

       C.	 Balconies that cantilever from the wall surface
           may encroach into the required setback area.

                                                                       SECOND FLOOR


                                                                                                     FRONT STREET, SIDE STREET, OR
                                                                                                     WATERFRONT EDGE


                                                                       GROUND FLOOR




 5.24                                                         DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                       CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                          2005.08 NEIGHBORHOOD CORE (NC) CONTEXT AREA
 1.0 CONTEXT AREA INTENT AND DESCRIPTION
INTENT
To provide a variety of urban housing, retail, and
commercial choices, in medium footprint, medium-
density Building Types, which reinforce the neighborhood’s
walkable nature and support neighborhood retail and
service at key intersections.

DESCRIPTION
This Context Area is characterized by a wide variety of
building types that can accommodate retail, service,
office, and residential uses. Buildings are typically close to
the street and form nodes of activity at key intersections.
This Context Area forms a transitional area between the
more intense Context Areas of the Form Based Code
area and the existing residential neighborhoods that are
adjacent to downtown Muskegon.

The following are generally appropriate form elements in
this Context Area:
        A.	 Attached and detached buildings
        B.	 Medium building footprints
        C.	 Varied front setbacks
        D.	 Medium to small side setbacks
        E.	 Varied frontages


 2.0 CONTEXT AREA LOCATION




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                         5.25
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                SECTION 2005
2005.08 NEIGHBORHOOD CORE (NC) CONTEXT AREA
    3.0 PERMITTED BUILDING TYPES, BUILDING TYPE HEIGHTS, AND BUILDING TYPE LOT SIZES

                     BUILDING TYPE                                                          NEIGHBORHOOD CORE (NC) CONTEXT AREA
                                                                          PERMITTED IN
                WITH FRONTAGE OPTION                                      CONTEXT AREA
                                                                                               BUILDING HEIGHT                          BUILDING LOT SIZE

                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with BALCONY              By Right      5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
MIXED-USE
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional *   5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH        By Right      5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right         1 story building limit    Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING
RETAIL

           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional*       1 story building limit    Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.

                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH        By Right         1 story building limit    Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.

                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional*    5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
FLEX




                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
COTTAGE

                    BUILDING
 RETAIL




                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                  with STOOP                By Right      2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
LIVE / WORK
         BUILDING




                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
           TYPE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL            By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                  with STOOP                By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 75’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                    BUILDING TYPE BUILDING TYPE
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 75’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
 LARGE




                                                  with STOOP                By Right      5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 75’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH     By Right      5 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 75’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with STOOP                By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
 SMALL




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH     By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH        By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
ROWHOUSE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL            By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 30’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with STOOP                By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 30’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH     By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 30’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with STOOP
         BUILDING
DUPLEX

           TYPE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH
                    BUILDING TYPE
DETACHED




                                                  with STOOP
 HOUSE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH
CARRIAGE HOUSE BUILDING TYPE
CIVIC BUILDING TYPE                                                         By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
Shaded areas represent Building Types and / or frontages that are not permitted in specified Context Area.
* Refer to the Building Type with specific frontage option in Section 2006 for buildings and frontages labeled as Conditional.

    5.26                                                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                     CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                          2005.08 NEIGHBORHOOD CORE (NC) CONTEXT AREA
 4.0 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.08 for building site placement.          ILLUSTRATION 5.08 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Build-to-Zone (at front street):
                ■■ Required build-to-zone from 0 to 20 feet
                                                                            C                                                                               B
                   from front property line.
                                                                 REAR PROPERTY
              ■■ Mixed-Use and Retail Building Types in this     LINE
                 Context Area shall have facade placed                                                                                                                            D
                 at front property line (required build-to-
                 line at front property line).

       B.	 Side Build-to-Zone (at side street):
              ■■ Required build-to-zone from 0 to 20 feet
                 from side property line.




                                                                                   SIDE PROPERTY LINE
              ■■ Mixed-Use and Retail Building Types in this                                                     BUILDING                                                         E
                 Context Area shall have facade placed                                                          FOOTPRINT
                 at side property line (required build-to-line




                                                                                                                                                            SIDE STREET
                                                                                                                                       SIDE PROPERTY LINE
                 at side property line).

       C.	 Side Setback (at non-street locations):
              ■■ 3 feet from side property line.
                                                                 FRONT PROPERTY
                                                                 LINE
       D.	 Rear Setback:
             ■■ 10 feet from rear property line.
                                                                                                                FRONT STREET
       E.	 Encroachments: Balconies, awnings, canopies,
           eaves, cornices, and bay windows, may project                                                A
           into required setbacks, beyond required build-
           to-zones, or into the public right-of-way as
           indicated in Section 2003.02.




 5.0 PARKING PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.09 for on-site parking placement.        ILLUSTRATION 5.09 PARKING PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Setback:
                ■■ 40 feet minimum from front property line.
                                                                            C                                                                                                 D
       B.	 Side Setback (from side street):                      REAR PROPERTY
              ■■ 5 feet minimum from side property line.         LINE

       C.	 Side Setback (from non-street locations):                                                               E
              ■■ 5 feet from side property line.
                                                                                                                                                              F
       D.	 Rear Setback:                                         ON-SITE PARKING
             ■■ 5 feet from rear property line at non-street     PERMITTED IN
                                                                 HATCHED AREA
                locations.
                                                                                                                   B
             ■■ 5 feet from rear property line at street
                locations.
                                                                                   SIDE PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                            E                                                     G
       E.	 Parking located at side or rear street locations
           shall be screened from the street as required by
           Section 2008.14.
                                                                                                                                SIDE PROPERTY



                                                                                                                                                            SIDE STREET




                                                                                                                                                                          A
                                                                                                                                     LINE




       F.	 Parking / service areas shall not be accessed
           from front streets, unless an alley or side street    FRONT PROPERTY
           is not available for driveway placement.              LINE
           Maximum width of driveway is 20 feet.
                                                                                                                   FRONT STREET
       G.	Driveway access location:                                                                         F
             ■■ Corner lot: 40 feet minimum from street
                corner.
             ■■ Interior lot: within 5 feet of side property
                line, when alley is not available.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                    5.27
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                                                                                   SECTION 2005
2005.08 NEIGHBORHOOD CORE (NC) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES

                                      NEIGHBORHOOD CORE (NC) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Accessory buildings and uses                                                 P               P              P                P               P                 P                 P                  P

Amusement and recreation facility                                            P                P              P

Auto service station                                                         S               S               S               S

Bank                                                                        P                P              P

Business school/private or public school/higher ed.                                                         P

Church                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               P
Club, lodge, hall                                                                                           P

Gallery/museum                                                              P                               P                                                                                                                                                         P
Hotel/motel                                                                 P

Indoor theater/live music concert hall                                      P                               P

Light manufacturing                                                          S                              P                                P

Machine shop                                                                 S                             P                                P
Micro brewery, distillery, winery under 2500 barrels                        P               P              P                 P
Micro brewery, distillery, winery over 2500 barrels                         P               P               P

Multi-family                                                               P*                              P*                                                  P                  P

Office                                                                      P                P              P                P               P

Outdoor recreation                                                                                          P

Outdoor theater

Parking structure                                                            S

Personal service                                                             P              P               P                P               P

Railway terminal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     P
Research and development                                                     P                              P

Restaurant, cocktail lounge, brewpub                                         P              P              P                  P

Retail                                                                       P               P              P                 P              P

Shipping, port related activity                                                                             P

P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.




 5.28                                                                                   DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                                                                            CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                                    2005.08 NEIGHBORHOOD CORE (NC) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES (continued)

                                      NEIGHBORHOOD CORE (NC) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Shared/Co-op housing                                                        P*                             P*                                                 P                   P

Single-family residential                                                                                                   P*                P                                                     P

Taxi/limo service                                                            P                              P                 P               P

Two-family residential

Uses similar to permitted uses                                              P              P                P                                P                P                   P                 P                                                                 P

Uses similar to special uses                                                P              P                 P                               P                 P                  P                 P                                                                 P

Veterinary and kennel                                                                                      P

Warehousing                                                                  P                              P

Wind turbine                                                                                                P




P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                                                                                               5.29
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                SECTION 2005




                        This page left intentionally blank




5.30                                    DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                      CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                          2005.09 NEIGHBORHOOD EDGE (NE) CONTEXT AREA
 1.0 CONTEXT AREA INTENT AND DESCRIPTION
INTENT
To provide an urban form that can accommodate a
very diverse range of Building Types and uses, in order
to reinforce the pattern of existing diverse walkable
neighborhoods and to encourage revitalization and
investment.

DESCRIPTION
This Context Area is characterized by a wide range of
residential building types that have a variety of setback
conditions within a compact walkable block structure.
Retail and office enterprises may occur in various locations
within the block structure. This Context Area provides a
variety of medium and small residential building types that
transition between the existing neighborhoods.

The following are generally appropriate form elements in
this Context Area:
        A.	 Primarily attached buildings
        B.	 Medium to large building footprint
        C.	 Varied front setbacks
        D.	 Small side setbacks
        E.	 Varied frontages



 2.0 CONTEXT AREA LOCATION




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                        5.31
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                          SECTION 2005
2005.09 NEIGHBORHOOD EDGE (NE) CONTEXT AREA
    3.0 PERMITTED BUILDING TYPES, BUILDING TYPE HEIGHTS, AND BUILDING TYPE LOT SIZES

                     BUILDING TYPE                                                           NEIGHBORHOOD EDGE (NE) CONTEXT AREA
                                                                          PERMITTED IN
                WITH FRONTAGE OPTION                                      CONTEXT AREA
                                                                                               BUILDING HEIGHT                               BUILDING LOT SIZE

                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with BALCONY              By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
MIXED-USE
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional *   3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH        By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right         1 story building limit    Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING
RETAIL

           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional*       1 story building limit    Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.

                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH        By Right         1 story building limit    Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.

                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional*    3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
FLEX




                                                  with FORECOURT            By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 250’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
COTTAGE

                    BUILDING
 RETAIL




                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                  with STOOP                By Right      2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                  with STOREFRONT           By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
LIVE / WORK
         BUILDING




                                                  with DOORYARD             By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
           TYPE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL            By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                  with STOOP                By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                  with FORECOURT
                    BUILDING TYPE BUILDING TYPE
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with DOORYARD
 LARGE




                                                  with STOOP
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with STOOP                By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
 SMALL




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH     By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH        By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
ROWHOUSE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with STOOP                By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 30’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH     By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 30’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with STOOP                By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 40’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING
DUPLEX

           TYPE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH     By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 40’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH        By Right      2 story building required Lot Width: 40’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                    BUILDING TYPE
DETACHED




                                                  with STOOP                By Right      2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 30’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
 HOUSE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH     By Right      2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 30’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH        By Right      2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 30’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                                                                                       Not Applicable - Carriage House Building Type must be used as an
CARRIAGE HOUSE BUILDING TYPE                                                By Right      2 story building required    accessory building to another building type (refer to Section 2006)

CIVIC BUILDING TYPE                                                         By Right      3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
Shaded areas represent Building Types and / or frontages that are not permitted in specified Context Area.
* Refer to the Building Type with specific frontage option in Section 2006 for buildings and frontages labeled as Conditional.

    5.32                                                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                      CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                           2005.09 NEIGHBORHOOD EDGE (NE) CONTEXT AREA
 4.0 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.10 for building site placement.          ILLUSTRATION 5.10 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Build-to-Zone (at front street):
                ■■ Required build-to-zone from 5 to 25 feet
                                                                            C                                                                               B
                   from front property line.
                                                                 REAR PROPERTY
              ■■ Mixed-Use and Retail Building Types in this     LINE
                 Context Area shall have facade placed                                                                                                                            D
                 at front property line (required build-to-
                 line at front property line).

       B.	 Side Build-to-Zone (at side street):
              ■■ Required build-to-zone from 10 to 25 feet
                 from side property line.




                                                                                   SIDE PROPERTY LINE
              ■■ Mixed-Use and Retail Building Types in this                                                     BUILDING                                                         E
                 Context Area shall have facade placed                                                          FOOTPRINT
                 at side property line (required build-to-line




                                                                                                                                                            SIDE STREET
                                                                                                                                       SIDE PROPERTY LINE
                 at side property line).

       C.	 Side Setback (at non-street locations):
              ■■ 3 feet from side property line.
                                                                 FRONT PROPERTY
                                                                 LINE
       D.	 Rear Setback:
             ■■ 10 feet from rear property line.
                                                                                                                 FRONT STREET
       E.	 Encroachments: Balconies, awnings, canopies,
           eaves, cornices, and bay windows, may project                                                A
           into required setbacks, beyond required build-
           to-zones, or into the public right-of-way as
           indicated in Section 2003.02.




 5.0 PARKING PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.11 for on-site parking placement.        ILLUSTRATION 5.11 PARKING PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Setback:
                ■■ 40 feet minimum from front property line.
                                                                            C                                                                                                 D
       B.	 Side Setback (from side street):                      REAR PROPERTY
              ■■ 5 feet minimum from side property line.         LINE

       C.	 Side Setback (from non-street locations):                                                                E
              ■■ 5 feet from side property line.
                                                                                                                                                              F
       D.	 Rear Setback:                                         ON-SITE PARKING
             ■■ 5 feet from rear property line at non-street     PERMITTED IN
                                                                 HATCHED AREA
                locations.
                                                                                                                    B
             ■■ 5 feet from rear property line at street
                locations.
                                                                                   SIDE PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                            E                                                     H
       E.	 Parking located at side or rear street locations
           shall be screened from the street as required by
           Section 2008.14.
                                                                                                                                SIDE PROPERTY



                                                                                                                                                            SIDE STREET




                                                                                                                                                                          A
                                                                                                                                     LINE




       F.	 Parking / service areas shall not be accessed
           from front streets, unless an alley or side street    FRONT PROPERTY
           is not available for driveway placement.              LINE
           Maximum width of driveway is 20 feet.
                                                                                                                    FRONT STREET
       G.	Driveway access location:                                                                         F
             ■■ Corner lot: 40 feet minimum from street
                corner.
             ■■ Interior lot: within 5 feet of side property
                line, when alley is not available.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                    5.33
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                                                                                   SECTION 2005
2005.09 NEIGHBORHOOD EDGE (NE) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES

                                       NEIGHBORHOOD EDGE (NE) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Accessory buildings and uses                                                 P                P               P              P               P                                   P                  P               P                P                P

Amusement and recreation facility                                            P                P              P

Auto service station                                                         S               S               S               S

Bank                                                                        P                P              P

Business school/private or public school/higher ed.                                                         P

Church                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               P
Club, lodge, hall                                                                                           P

Gallery/museum                                                              P                               P                                                                                                                                                         P
Hotel/motel                                                                 P

Indoor theater/live music concert hall                                      P                               P

Light manufacturing                                                          S                              P                                P

Machine shop                                                                 S                             P                                P
Micro brewery, distillery, winery under 2500 barrels                        P               P              P                 P
Micro brewery, distillery, winery over 2500 barrels                         P               P               P

Multi-family                                                               P*                              P*                                                                     P

Office                                                                      P                P              P                P               P

Outdoor recreation                                                                                          P

Outdoor theater

Parking structure                                                            S

Personal service                                                             P              P               P                P               P

Railway terminal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     P
Research and development                                                     P                              P

Restaurant, cocktail lounge, brewpub                                         P              P              P                  P

Retail                                                                       P               P              P                 P              P

Shipping, port related activity                                                                             P

P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.




 5.34                                                                                   DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                                                                            CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                                      2005.09 NEIGHBORHOOD EDGE (NE) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES (continued)

                                       NEIGHBORHOOD EDGE (NE) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Shared/Co-op housing                                                        P*                             P*                                                                    P

Single-family residential                                                                                                   P*               P                                                     P                                P               P*

Taxi/limo service                                                           P                               P                 P               P

Two-family residential                                                                                                                                                                                             P

Uses similar to permitted uses                                              P               P               P                P               P                                   P                 P               P                P                P               P

Uses similar to special uses                                                P               P               P                P               P                                   P                 P               P                P                P               P

Veterinary and kennel                                                                                       P

Warehousing                                                                 P                               P

Wind turbine                                                                                                P




P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                                                                                               5.35
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                SECTION 2005




                        This page left intentionally blank




5.36                                    DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                          CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                               2005.10 URBAN RESIDENTIAL (UR) CONTEXT AREA
 1.0 CONTEXT AREA INTENT AND DESCRIPTION
INTENT
To provide a variety of urban housing choices, in small
to medium footprint, medium-density Building Types,
which reinforce the neighborhood’s walkable nature and
support small locally-owned neighborhood retail, service,
and commercial activity.

DESCRIPTION
This Context Area is characterized by a wide variety of
residential buildings types that have a range of setback
conditions within a compact walkable block structure.
Small retail enterprises may occur at strategic corner
locations within live / work buildings. This Context Area is
typically adjacent to single family residential districts.

The following are generally appropriate form elements in
this Context Area:
        A.	 Attached and detached residential buildings
        B.	 Medium to small building footprint
        C.	 Varied front setbacks
        D.	 Medium side setbacks
        E.	 Primarily stoops and porch frontages




 2.0 CONTEXT AREA LOCATION




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                            5.37
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                                   SECTION 2005
2005.10 URBAN RESIDENTIAL (UR) CONTEXT AREA
    3.0 PERMITTED BUILDING TYPES, BUILDING TYPE HEIGHTS, AND BUILDING TYPE LOT SIZES

                     BUILDING TYPE                                                                      URBAN RESIDENTIAL (UR) CONTEXT AREA
                                                                                PERMITTED IN
                WITH FRONTAGE OPTION                                            CONTEXT AREA
                                                                                                        BUILDING HEIGHT                               BUILDING LOT SIZE

                                                  with STOREFRONT
                                                  with BALCONY
MIXED-USE
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE
                                                  with FORECOURT
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH
                                                  with STOREFRONT
         BUILDING
RETAIL

           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH
                                                  with STOREFRONT
         BUILDING TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE
FLEX




                                                  with FORECOURT
                                                  with DOORYARD
                                                  with STOREFRONT
COTTAGE

                    BUILDING
 RETAIL




                                                  with DOORYARD
                                                  with STOOP
                                                  with STOREFRONT
LIVE / WORK
         BUILDING




                                                  with DOORYARD                  Conditional*      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
           TYPE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL
                                                  with STOOP                     Conditional*      2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 35’ max. Lot Depth: 80’ min.
                                                  with FORECOURT
                    BUILDING TYPE BUILDING TYPE
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with DOORYARD
 LARGE




                                                  with STOOP
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with STOOP                  4 unit max. By Right 3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
 SMALL




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH 4 unit max. By Right 3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH          4 unit max. By Right 3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 50’ min. / 80’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
ROWHOUSE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with STOOP                       By Right        2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 30’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH            By Right        2 story building required Lot Width: 18’ min. / 30’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with STOOP                       By Right        2 story building required Lot Width: 40’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
         BUILDING
DUPLEX

           TYPE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH            By Right        2 story building required Lot Width: 40’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH               By Right        2 story building required Lot Width: 40’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                    BUILDING TYPE
DETACHED




                                                  with STOOP                       By Right       2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 30’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
 HOUSE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH            By Right       2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 30’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH               By Right       2 story max. / 1 story min. Lot Width: 30’ min. / 60’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
                                                                                                                                Not Applicable - Carriage House Building Type must be used as an
CARRIAGE HOUSE BUILDING TYPE                                                       By Right        2 story building required    accessory building to another building type (refer to Section 2006)

CIVIC BUILDING TYPE                                                                By Right       3 story max. / 2 story min. Lot Width: 25’ min. / 150’ max. Lot Depth: 100’ min.
Shaded areas represent Building Types and / or frontages that are not permitted in specified Context Area.
* Refer to the Building Type with specific frontage option in Section 2006 for buildings and frontages labeled as Conditional.

    5.38                                                                                                    DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                     CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                                   2005.10 URBAN RESIDENTIAL (UR) CONTEXT AREA
 4.0 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.12 for building site placement.         ILLUSTRATION 5.12 BUILDING SITE PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Build-to-Zone (at front street):
                ■■ Required build-to-zone from 12 to 30 feet
                                                                           C                                                                               B
                   from front property line.
                                                                REAR PROPERTY
              ■■ Live / Work Building Types in this Context     LINE
                 Area shall have a required build-to-zone                                                                                                                        D
                 from 5 to 20 feet from front property line.

       B.	 Side Build-to-Zone (at side street):
              ■■ Required build-to-zone from 10 to 25 feet
                 from side property line.




                                                                                  SIDE PROPERTY LINE
              ■■ Live / Work Building Types in this Context
                 Area shall have a required build-to-zone                                                       BUILDING                                                         E
                 from 5 to 20 feet from side property line.                                                    FOOTPRINT




                                                                                                                                                           SIDE STREET
                                                                                                                                      SIDE PROPERTY LINE
       C.	 Side Setback (at non-street locations):
              ■■ 6 feet from side property line.

       D.	 Rear Setback:
             ■■ 15 feet from rear property line.                FRONT PROPERTY
                                                                LINE

       E.	 Encroachments: Balconies, awnings, canopies,
           eaves, cornices, and bay windows, may project                                                        FRONT STREET
           into required setbacks, beyond required build-
           to-zones, or into the public right-of-way as                                                A
           indicated in Section 2003.02.




 5.0 PARKING PLACEMENT
Refer to Illustration 5.13 for on-site parking placement.       ILLUSTRATION 5.13 PARKING PLACEMENT
        A.	 Front Setback:
                ■■ 40 feet minimum from front property line.
                                                                           C                                                                                                 D
       B.	 Side Setback (from side street):                     REAR PROPERTY
              ■■ 10 feet minimum from side property line.       LINE

       C.	 Side Setback (from non-street locations):                                                               E
              ■■ 1 foot from side property line.
                                                                                                                                                             F
       D.	 Rear Setback:                                        ON-SITE PARKING
             ■■ 5 feet from rear property line at non-street    PERMITTED IN
                                                                HATCHED AREA
                locations.
                                                                                                                   B
             ■■ 10 feet from rear property line at street
                locations.
                                                                                  SIDE PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                           E                                                     H
       E.	 Parking located at side or rear street locations
           shall be screened from the street as required by
           Section 2008.14.
                                                                                                                               SIDE PROPERTY



                                                                                                                                                           SIDE STREET




                                                                                                                                                                         A
                                                                                                                                    LINE




       F.	 Parking / service areas shall not be accessed
           from front streets, unless an alley or side street   FRONT PROPERTY
           is not available for driveway placement.             LINE
           Maximum width of driveway is 20 feet.
                                                                                                                   FRONT STREET
       G.	Driveway access location:                                                                        F
             ■■ Corner lot: 40 feet minimum from street
                corner.
             ■■ Interior lot: within 5 feet of side property
                line, when alley is not available.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                   5.39
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                                                                                                                                                                   SECTION 2005
2005.10 URBAN RESIDENTIAL (UR) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES

                                         URBAN RESIDENTIAL (UR) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Accessory buildings and uses                                                                                                                 P                                   P                 P                P               P                P

Amusement and recreation facility

Auto service station

Bank

Business school/private or public school/higher ed.

Church

Club, lodge, hall

Gallery/museum                                                                                                                               P                                                                                                                       P

Home Business                                                                                                                                P                                   P                 P                P               P                P

Hotel/motel

Indoor theater/live music concert hall

Light manufacturing

Machine shop

Micro brewery, distillery, winery under 2500 barrels

Micro brewery, distillery, winery over 2500 barrels

Multi-family                                                                                                                                                                     P

Non-profit Supportive Housing                                                                                                                S*                                  S*                                S*               S*

Office                                                                                                                                       P

Outdoor recreation

Outdoor theater

Parking structure

Personal service                                                                                                                             P

Railway terminal

Research and development

Restaurant, cocktail lounge, brewpub
P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
S* = Special Land Use on Peck Street and Sanford Street only
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.




 5.40                                                                                   DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2005                                                                                                                                                            CONTEXT AREAS AND USE
                                                              2005.10 URBAN RESIDENTIAL (UR) CONTEXT AREA
 6.0 PERMITTED USES (continued)

                                         URBAN RESIDENTIAL (UR) CONTEXT AREA PERMITTED USES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DETACHED HOUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARRIAGE HOUSE
                                                                                                                                                         LARGE MULTI-PLEX


                                                                                                                                                                            SMALL MULTI-PLEX
                                                                                                                        COTTAGE RETAIL
                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                            BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BUILDING TYPE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                                                         LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                                                               ROWHOUSE
                                                                        MIXED USE
                           Specific Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                               DUPLEX
                                                                                        RETAIL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CIVIC
                                                                                                        FLEX
Retail                                                                                                                                       P

Shipping, port related activity

Shared/Co-op housing                                                                                                                                                             P

Single-family residential                                                                                                                    P                                                     P                                P               P*

Taxi/limo service                                                                                                                            P
Two-family residential                                                                                                                       P                                                                     P

Uses similar to permitted uses                                                                                                               P                                   P                 P               P                P                 P

Uses similar to special uses                                                                                                                 P                                   P                 P               P                P                P
Veterinary and kennel

Warehousing

Wind turbine




P = Permitted Use
P* = Permitted Use on floors two and above
P# = Permitted Use on first floor only
S = Special Land Use (refer to Section 2002.02)
S* = Special Land Use on Peck Street and Sanford Street only
Active uses per the Context Area Map (2005.02) include retail, restaurant/cocktail lounge/brewpub, personal service, and micro brewery/distillery/winery.
Blank cell = Use not permitted in this Context Area
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in this Context Area.



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                                                                                               5.41
CONTEXT AREAS AND USE                                                SECTION 2005




                        This page left intentionally blank




5.42                                    DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                    BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS


2006.00 PURPOSE
Section 2006 identifies particular Building Types that are
permitted within various Context Areas and provides
design standards for each type to ensure that proposed
development is consistent with the City of Muskegon
Master Plans’ vision and goals for downtown character
and building form.

2006.01 APPLICABILITY
Each proposed building shall be designed in compliance
with the standards of this Section for the applicable
Building Type.

2006.02 BUILDING TYPES BY CONTEXT AREA
Property may be developed only with the Building Types
permitted by this Section in the Context Area applicable
to each lot.
       A.	 Refer to Building Type Overview (subsection
           2006.06) in this Section to determine the specific
           Building Types that are permitted in each of the
           Context Areas.

2006.03 CONTENTS OF THIS SECTION
The following Building Types are specified in this Section:
        A.	 Mixed-Use Building Type
        B.	 Retail Building Type
        C.	 Flex Building Type
        D.	 Cottage Retail Building Type
        E.	 Live / Work Building Type
        F.	 Large Multi-plex Building Type
        G.	Small Multi-plex Building Type
        H.	 Rowhouse Building Type
        I.	 Duplex Building Type
        J.	 Detached House Building Type
        K.	 Carriage House Building Type
        L.	 Civic Building Type




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                         6.1
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                                                                                    SECTION 2006


2006.04 HOW TO USE THIS SECTION                                                                                               FINAL
                                                                      SECTION 2006                                            DRAFT                                             BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
Refer to sample pages on this sheet for references of                                                                                         2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
how to use each Building Type Standard. These pages                    1.0 BUILDING TYPE DESCRIPTION
                                                                      The MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE is a medium- to large-sized typically attached structure. It is intended to provide a vertical

are representative of the layout for each Building Type               mix of uses with ground floor retail or service uses and upper floor service or residential uses. This Type makes up the primary
                                                                      component of a main street and downtown, and is a Building Type that can provide street vibrancy and enhanced

contained in this Section.
                                                                      walkability.



       A.	 Building Type Description: This subsection serves                                                                          A
           as an introduction to the Building Type, including
           pictorial references of emblematic examples
           and a general Building Type description.

                                                                       2.0 PRECEDENT OF MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
                                                                      The following images represent precedent examples of the Mixed-Use Building Type. They are intended as examples only

       B.	 Precedent of Building Type: This subsection                and should be used for inspiration in the creation of this Building Type for projects within the Muskegon Form Based Code
                                                                      area.

           provides precedent examples of the building
           type in context. Whenever possible, local
           examples are included in this reference.
           Precedent Building Types are included as
           examples and inspiration to give a better
           understanding of the intent of the Building Type.
                                                                       IMAGE 6.01 MUSKEGON MIXED USE BUILDING ON 3RD STREET
                                                                       WITH STOREFRONT FRONTAGE AND ANGLED BUILDING CORNER            B

       C.	 Building Size and Massing: This subsection
           provides the requirements for building width at
           front and side streets, percentage of building
           wall at property line, building depth, and
           maximum site coverage. These requirements                                                                                     IMAGE 6.03 MUSKEGON MIXED USE BUILDING ON WEST CLAY

           are conveyed in illustration and text for
                                                                       IMAGE 6.02 MIXED USE BUILDING WITH BALCONY FRONTAGE               AVENUE WITH TERRACE FRONTAGE




           convenience. The intent of this subsection is to            CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                        FINAL DRAFT                                                        6.9

           maintain character and enclosure along the
           Public Realm while ensuring that the building’s
           size and mass is appropriate to the context.                                                                       FINAL
                                                                      BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                 DRAFT                                                                               SECTION 2006
                                                                      2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
                                                                       3.0 BUILDING SIZE AND MASSING

       D.	 Ground Floor Activation and Access: This
                                                                      Refer to Illustration 6.01 for Building Type size and massing       ILLUSTRATION 6.01 BUILDING SIZE AND MASS
                                                                      graphic representation.
                                                                              A. Building width at front street: 150 feet maximum

           subsection provides the quantity and minimum                      B. Building width at front street shall be built to a
                                                                                minimum of 90% of the overall width of the front
                                                                                                                                                                    ALLEY OR REAR ACCESS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 D



           intervals (spacing) for building entrances.
                                                                                street property line.                                               PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                                                                                    PROPERTY LINE
                                                                             C. Building width at side street: 100 feet maximum

           These requirements are conveyed in illustration                   D. Building depth: 20 feet minimum


           and text for convenience. The intent of this                                                                               C                                                                                                    C




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SIDE STREET
                                                                             E. Maximum site coverage: 100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                    BUILDING FOOTPRINT


           subsection is to ensure that the building and                                                                                       D                           A                                A



           its entrances create an active and visible                                                                                                                                                B



           presence on the street and sidewalk by
                                                                                                                                                                                 FRONT STREET




           providing front and side doors for access.
                                                                       4.0 GROUND FLOOR ACTIVATION AND PEDESTRIAN ACCESS
                                                                      Refer to Illustration 6.02 for Building Type ground floor           ILLUSTRATION 6.02 GROUND FLOOR ACTIVATION & ACCESS
                                                                      activation and pedestrian access graphic representation.
                                                                             A. Entrances to ground floor unit(s) are required at

       E.	 Number of Units: This subsection provides the                         the front street and shall be directly accessed
                                                                                 from and face the front street.


           minimum and/or maximum number of units                            B. Entrances to ground floor unit(s) shall occur at
                                                                                intervals of not greater than 75 feet along the
                                                                                front street.
           that the Building Type may accommodate.
                                                                                                                                                    PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                                                                                    PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         D
                                                                             C. Entrances to ground floor unit(s) at the side

                                                                                                                                      D
                                                                                street (if provided) shall be directly accessed
                                                                                from and face the side street.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SIDE STREET




                                                                             D. Upper floor units shall be accessed by a                                                                                                 C
                                                                                common entry along the front or side street.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    BUILDING FOOTPRINT



       F.	 Use: Uses are regulated by the Context Area
                                                                             E. Optional angled building corner with required                                                                                        E
                                                                                entry door. Maximum length of angled wall
                                                                                shall be 8 feet.                                                                       A        B                   A       D

           in Section 2005. This subsection is a reminder                                                                                                                        FRONT STREET




           that use requirements are referenced in that
           section.                                                    5.0 NUMBER OF UNITS                                                6.0 USE
                                                                      Number of units per Building Type:                                Building Type use:
                                                                           A. Required total of 2 units minimum (1 unit at                      A. Uses are regulated by Context Area. Refer to
                                                                              street level and 1 unit on upper level).                             Section 2005 for permitted uses in each Context

                                                                                                     E                                             Area.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        F
                                                                       6.10       FINAL DRAFT                                         DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON




 6.2                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                                                                                                        BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS


                                                                     FINAL                                                                           G.	 Facade Composition Requirements: This
 SECTION 2006                                                        DRAFT                                 BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                                           2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE                               subsection indicates the required façade
   7.0 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS                                                                                                                   composition      specifications for  Building
   ILLUSTRATION 6.03 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS                               Refer to Illustration 6.03 for Building Type facade
                                                                                   composition requirements.
                                                                                         A. Building shall have a flat roof with parapet.                Type, including upper floor(s) transparency,
                                                                      A                     B. Building shall have a cornice expression line at
                                                                                               roofline.                                                 proportion, window orientation, vertical
                                                                                                                                                         articulation, and roof type.
                                                                               G
                                                                      B
                                                                                            C. Transparency Upper Stories: Building facades
                                                                                               facing streets shall have 10% to 50% of the
      E                                                                                        façade be windows between the finish floor
                                                            C                                  line of the second story and bottom of cornice
                                                                                               expression line.

                                                                                            D. Transparency Street / Sidewalk Level: Refer
                                                                                               to Building Frontage options for transparency

                                                                                                                                                     H.	 Building Type Story Height: This subsection
     D                                                                F                        requirements at the street and sidewalk level.

                                                                                            E. Upper windows shall be square or vertically

                                                                                                                                                         indicates the required minimum dimensions
                                                                                               proportioned with clear glass. Refer to definitions
                                                                                               in Division 11 for clear glass requirements.


                                                                                                                                                         for each floor of the specific Building Type,
                                                                                            F. Building shall have an 18” to 32” pilaster or
                                                                                               wall surface every 20 to 40 feet along building
                                                                                               facades facing streets. Pilasters shall extend
                                                                                               vertically from grade to cornice expression line.
                                                                                                                                                         measured from floor to ceiling. The actual
                                                                                                                                                         number of stories for buildings is regulated by
   8.0 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT
   ILLUSTRATION 6.04 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT                                    Refer to Illustration 6.04 for Building Type story height
                                                                                   requirements.
                                                                                          A. Ground floor ceiling shall be 14 feet minimum.
                                                                                                                                                         Context Area (Section 2005).
                                                                                            B. Upper floor ceilings shall be 8 feet minimum.



                                                                               H
                                                  D                                         C. Overall height of Building Type is regulated by
                                   B
                                                                                               Context Area, refer to Section 2005.
                                                                C
                                                                                            D. Height of parapet wall shall be between 12”
                                                                                               minimum and 4 feet maximum, measured from
                                  A                                                            roof line.
                                                                                                                                                     I.	 Building Type Frontage Options: Each Building
                                                                                                                                                         Type has specific frontage options that may
   9.0 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTIONS
                                                                                                                                                         be chosen as part of the overall composition
 The Mixed-Use Building Type is required to have 1 of the following 5 frontage configurations applied to the ground level
 floor where it abuts front and side streets, civic space, and / or public rights-of-way.                                                                and street frontage of the building. Frontages
 Frontage options for the Mixed-Use Building Type are provided in the table below and described on the following pages
 of this sub-section.                                                                                                                                    are applied to the ground level of the Building
                                                                      CONTEXT AREAS
               BUILDING TYPE
                         FRONTAGE OPTION DT            MS           MSW            NC
                                                                                      MAINSTREET
                                                                                                NE             UR
                                                                                                     NEIGHBORHOOD   NEIGHBORHOOD       URBAN             Type where it abuts a front and side street, civic
MIXED-USE




                                                 DOWNTOWN           MAINSTREET
                                                                                      WATERFRONT         CORE           EDGE         RESIDENTIAL


                                                                                                                                                         space, or public right-of-way. One frontage is
       BUILDING TYPE




                       with STOREFRONT           By Right           By Right           By Right        By Right       By Right
                       with BALCONY              By Right           By Right
                                                                                 I     By Right        By Right       By Right
                       with TERRACE              By Right           By Right           By Right        By Right       By Right                           required to be used for each building that is
                       with FORECOURT            By Right           By Right           By Right        By Right       By Right

                       with DRIVE-THROUGH                                                              By Right       By Right
                                                                                                                                                         constructed (in instances of the Flex and Live/
 Shaded areas represent Public Realm Context Areas where Building Type is not permitted.
                                                                                                                                                         Work Building Types, multiple frontages may be
   CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                         FINAL DRAFT                          6.11           chosen for one building). Frontages provide
                                                                                                                                                         guidelines for transparency, architecture,
                                                                                                                                                         and composition that enable the building
                                                                                                                                                         to engage and define the Public Realm. The
                                                                                                                                                         table in this section illustrates what frontages
                                                                                                                                                         are appropriate for each Building Type within
                                                                                                                                                         each Context Area.




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                                                            6.3
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                                                                        SECTION 2006


The following two pages are examples of frontage pages                                                                        FINAL
                                                                      BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                 DRAFT                                                        SECTION 2006
for the Storefront Frontage, one of ten different frontage            2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
options that are available for the various Building Types.             9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
                                                                      DESCRIPTION
                                                                      The Storefront Frontage Type is applied to the ground level
                                                                      floor of a Building Type along the front and side streets. It

These pages will immediately follow each of the Building              is typically associated with retail and mixed use buildings.
                                                                      The storefront shall be designed in a way that promotes
                                                                      an attractive and convenient shopping experience and
Type pages that have been described above and provide                 a transparent wall along the sidewalk. Storefronts are at
                                                                      grade with the sidewalk and are sometimes shaded by             J
the applicable frontage choices for that Building Type.               awnings.



                                                                                                                                          IMAGE 6.04 MIXED-USE BUILDING WITH STOREFRONT

       J.	 Frontage Description: This paragraph describes             STOREFRONT LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                    ILLUSTRATION 6.05 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
                                                                      Refer to Illustration 6.05 for frontage location graphic
           the intent of the frontage and provides an                 reference.
                                                                             A. The building facade(s) are required to be
                                                                                placed at a build-to-line as required by the
           image of a precedent example of the frontage,
                                                                                                                                                                                              PROPERTY LINE
                                                                                building site placement requirements in the
                                                                                Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.

           applied to the Building Type that it is associated
                                                                                                                                                                                              LINE OF CURB
                                                                                 B. Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper
                                                                                    bays, and projecting signs may extend into the                                                              A

           with.   This image will change throughout
                                                                                    public right-of-way per the requirements of the
                                                                                    encroachment section in Section 2003.




                                                                                                                                                                             SIDE STREET
                                                                                                                                                                             FRONT OR
                                                                                                                                                        BUILDING


           Section 2006, depending on the Building Type
                                                                                                                                                       FOOTPRINT




           subsection that the frontage is described in.                                                                                                                                      LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                                                                                              FACADE

                                                                                                                                                PLAN VIEW




       K.	 Frontage Location Requirements: This subsection
           provides requirements of the frontage location
           relative the build-to-line, build-to-zone, or                                                                              K                                                       PROPERTY LINE




           setback. These site placement requirements                                                                                                                                           A


           are defined in Section 2005, Context Areas.                                                                                                                                        LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                                                                                              FACADE



           This subsection also provides the requirements                                                                                                                                       B


           for landscaping or paving of the ground area
           adjacent to the frontage.
                                                                                                                                                SECTION VIEW                                  LINE OF CURB




       L.	 Frontage Composition Requirements:     This
           subsection provides the requirements for                    6.12          FINAL DRAFT                                      DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON

           the composition of the frontage, including
           transparency, proportion, scale, vertical
           articulation, entry and details.                                                                                  FINAL
                                                                      SECTION 2006                                           DRAFT                                 BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                                                                                             2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
                                                                      9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
                                                                      ILLUSTRATION 6.06 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS               STOREFRONT COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                                                                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.06 for frontage composition graphic
                                                                                                                                        reference.
                                                                                                                                               A. Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80)
                                                                                                                                                    percent of the overall length of the first story
                                                                                                                                                    and shall be interrupted by the required
                                                                                                                                                    pilasters referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                                                                                                               B. Optional transom window may extend over
                                                                                                                              K
                                                                                                                                                  entry recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.

                                                                                                                                               C. Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent
                                                                                                                                                  minimum transparency.
                                                                        FINISH FLOOR LINE
                                                                        SECOND FLOOR
                                                                                                                                               D. Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
                                                                                                                              F                   feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of
                                                                                                                                                  the building. The angled wall (the wall that
                                                                         B                                                                        connects the storefront to the door) in the
                                                                                                                              H                   recess area shall match the main storefront
                                                                                                 C                                                window.
                                                                         G
                                                                                                                                               E. Entry door is required to be at adjacent sidewalk
                                                                        ADJACENT                  E                                               grade.
                                                                        GRADE

                                                                                            ELEVATION DIAGRAM
                                                                                                                              I                F. Required 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
                                                                                                                                                  expression line above storefront window or
                                                                                                                                                  transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
                                                                                                       A                                          shall extend the entire width of the storefront

                                                                                                                                      L           but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
                                                                                                                                                  referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                                                                                                               G. Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet
                                                                                                                                                  high minimum, measured from the adjacent
                                                                                                BUILDING INTERIOR                                 grade.

                                                                                                                                               H. Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have
                                                                         D                                                                        60% to 80% of the façade be windows between
                                                                                                                                                  the top of the storefront base and bottom of
                                                                                            PLAN DIAGRAM                      J                   sign band (or horizontal expression line). Entry
                                                                                                                                                  door transparency shall be included as part of
                                                                                                                                                  the required transparency calculation.

                                                                                                                                               I. Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

                                                                                                                                               J. Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                                                                                                  spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster
                                                                                                                                                  or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
                                                                                                                                                  storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by
                                                                                                                                                  the sign band or horizontal expression line.

                                                                                                                                               K. Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                                                                                                  Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                                                                                                  stories.

                                                                                                                                               L. The storefront frontage may have an angled
                                                                                                                                                  corner entry as permitted by the specific
                                                                                                                                                  Building Type. The angled corner entry shall
                                                                                                                                                  meet the transparency requirements of the
                                                                                                                                                  storefront frontage and have an entry door.
                                                                             M                    M                                            M. Storefront windows may be replaced with
                                                                                                                                                  overhead doors. Overhead doors that replace
                                                                                                                                                  storefront windows are required to meet the
                                                                                                                                                  transparency requirements in item H. Refer to
                                                                      IMAGE 6.05 STOREFRONT WITH TRANSPARENT OVERHEAD DOORS
                                                                                                                                                  Image 6.05.



                                                                       CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                            FINAL DRAFT                              6.13




 6.4                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                     BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS


2006.05 STANDARDS FOR ALL BUILDING TYPES
The following standards apply to all Building Types:             G.	Building Height: Buildings shall comply with
        A.	 Front Street Building Wall: Front street facades        the overall maximum height regulations
            of buildings represent the building front and are       (as measured in number of stories) that are
            located at the public right-of-way lines along          established by Context Area. Each Building
            the street, public path or civic space of address       Type as story height (measured in feet and
            for the building.                                       inches) requirements.

       B.	 Side Street Building Wall: Side street walls of       H.	 Side Yard Walls:           Each building shall
           buildings represent the building sides that are           have separate walls to support all loads
           located at the public right-of-way lines along all        independently of any walls located on an
           streets, public paths or civic spaces that are not        adjacent lot.        Buildings with side-facing
           the street of address for the building. The side          windows shall provide necessary light and air
           street build-to-line, build-to-zone, or setback for       shafts within their own lot, without relying on the
           side streets shall apply to all situations where          side yard of the adjacent lot.
           side streets , public paths, or civic spaces occur
           at more than one side of a building (due to a         I.	 Parking Requirements and Standards: Parking
           parcel that is bound on more than two sides by            requirements for each Building Type are based
           right-of-way lines).                                      on use and Context Area. Refer to Section 2008
                                                                     for parking requirements and standards.
       C.	 Front Street Transparency Requirements
           at First Story: Each Building Type’s first story      J.	 Sign Standards: Sign sizes and quantities for
           transparency at the front street is per the               each Building Type are based on Context Area.
           frontage requirements for that Building Type.             Refer to Section 2009 for Sign Standards.
           Side Street walls are required to have one (1) of
           the following standards:
              1.	 Transparency that is the same as what
                  is required by the upper stories for the
                  Building Type.
              2.	 Transparency that is the same as the
                  frontage that has been applied to the
                  front street.

       D.	 Percentage of Building Width at Street: Each
           Building Type indicates a building width
           percentage requirement along the front
           street. This percentage is the amount of a lot
           line adjoining the public right-of-way that is
           occupied by the front façade of the principal
           building. The front façade shall be parallel to
           the right-of-way, located in accordance with
           the required build-to-lines, build-to-zones, or
           setbacks.

       E.	 Frontages: Frontages define architecture and
           design components for the entrance(s) to the
           building and the area between the façade and
           the front and / or side street. Each Building Type
           identifies the appropriate frontage choices.
           The use of one of the frontages identified for
           the Building Type is required.

       F.	 Maximum Site Coverage: The maximum site
           coverage applies to all buildings on a lot,
           including accessory buildings.




 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                       6.5
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                                SECTION 2006


2006.06 BUILDING TYPE OVERVIEW
Building Types for the Muskegon Form Based Code are summarized as follows:
                             MIXED USE BUILDING TYPE
                                                                       FRONTAGE OPTIONS                               CONTEXT AREAS
                                     This Building Type is a medium- to large-sized
                                     typically attached structure. It is intended to
                                                                                                 STOREFRONT             DT             MS
                                     provide a vertical mix of uses with ground floor                                DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     retail or service uses and upper floor service or           BALCONY
                                     residential uses. This Type makes up the primary            TERRACE              MSW              NC
                                     component of a main street and downtown,
                                                                                                                     MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD

                                                                                                 FORECOURT
                                                                                                                     WATERFRONT        CORE
                                     and is a Building Type that can provide street
                                     vibrancy and enhanced walkability.                                                 NE             UR
                                                                                                 DRIVE-THROUGH      NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                                                                                                        EDGE        RESIDENTIAL



                                     RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                 FRONTAGE OPTIONS     CONTEXT AREAS
                                     This Building Type is a medium- to large-sized
                                     typically attached structure. It is intended to
                                                                                                 STOREFRONT             DT             MS
                                     provide a single story building with ground                                     DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     floor retail or service uses. This Type makes up            TERRACE
                                     the secondary component of a main street                    DRIVE-THROUGH        MSW              NC
                                     and is a Building Type that can provide street
                                                                                                                     MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD
                                                                                                                     WATERFRONT        CORE
                                     vibrancy and enhanced walkability.
                                                                                                                        NE             UR
                                                                                                                    NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                                                                                                        EDGE        RESIDENTIAL



                                     FLEX BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                 FRONTAGE OPTIONS     CONTEXT AREAS
                                     This Building Type is a medium- to large-sized
                                     attached or detached structure, typically built
                                                                                                 STOREFRONT             DT             MS
                                     on a large lot. It can be used to provide a                                     DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     vertical mix of uses with ground floor industrial,          TERRACE
                                     service, retail, or residential uses; or it may be          FORECOURT            MSW              NC
                                     a single-use building. This Type is a primary
                                                                                                                     MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD

                                                                                                 DOORYARD
                                                                                                                     WATERFRONT        CORE
                                     component in a variety of urban context areas
                                     that provide a mix of Building Types.                                              NE             UR
                                                                                                                    NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                                                                                                        EDGE        RESIDENTIAL



                                     COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                 FRONTAGE OPTIONS     CONTEXT AREAS
                                     This Building Type is a small- to medium-sized
                                     detached structure. It is intended to provide
                                                                                                 STOREFRONT             DT             MS
                                     retail or service uses at the ground floor. This                                DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     Type will typically have a residential mass, scale,         DOORYARD
                                     and composition that allows it to integrate into            STOOP                MSW              NC
                                     adjacent residential areas.
                                                                                                                     MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD
                                                                                                                     WATERFRONT        CORE


                                                                                                                        NE             UR
                                                                                                                    NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                                                                                                        EDGE        RESIDENTIAL



                                     LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
                                     This Building Type is a small- to medium-sized              FRONTAGE OPTIONS     CONTEXT AREAS
                                     attached structure that consists of one dwelling
                                     unit above and/or behind a flexible ground                  STOREFRONT             DT             MS
                                                                                                                     DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     floor space that can be used for residential,               DOORYARD
                                     service, or retail uses. Both the ground floor                                   MSW              NC
                                     space and the dwelling unit are owned by one                LIGHTWELL           MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD
                                     entity. This Type is especially appropriate for             STOOP
                                                                                                                     WATERFRONT        CORE

                                     incubating retail and service uses and allowing
                                                                                                                        NE             UR
                                     neighborhood retail to expand as the market                                    NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                     demands.                                                                           EDGE        RESIDENTIAL



                                     LARGE MULTI-PLEX BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                 FRONTAGE OPTIONS     CONTEXT AREAS
                                     This Building Type is a medium- to large-sized
                                     structure that consists of 7 or more side-by-side
                                                                                                 FORECOURT              DT             MS
                                     and / or stacked dwelling units, typically with                                 DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     one shared entry. This Type is appropriately                DOORYARD
                                     scaled to fit in medium-density neighborhoods               STOOP                MSW              NC
                                     and enables well-designed higher densities.
                                                                                                                     MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD

                                                                                                 PROJECTING PORCH
                                                                                                                     WATERFRONT        CORE
                                     It is an essential Building Type for providing a
                                     broad choice of housing types and promoting                                        NE             UR
                                                                                                                    NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                     walkability.                                                                       EDGE        RESIDENTIAL


Context Areas represented in black indicate that building is not allowed in that Context Area.


 6.6                                                                        DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                                             BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS


                                                                                         2006.06 BUILDING TYPE OVERVIEW (continued)
                                                    Building Types for the Muskegon Form Based Code are summarized as follows:
                                     SMALL MULTI-PLEX BUILDING TYPE
                                     This Building Type is a medium-sized structure FRONTAGE OPTIONS       CONTEXT AREAS
                                     that consists of 3 to 6 side-by-side and / or
                                     stacked dwelling units, typically with one shared           STOOP                    DT             MS
                                                                                                                       DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     entry or individual entries along the front. This           PROJECTING PORCH
                                     Type has the appearance of a large single-                                         MSW              NC
                                     family house and is appropriately scaled to fit in          ENGAGED PORCH         MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD
                                     single family neighborhoods. This Type enables                                    WATERFRONT        CORE

                                     well-designed higher densities. It is an essential
                                                                                                                          NE             UR
                                     Building Type for providing a broad choice of                                    NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                     housing types and promoting walkability.                                             EDGE        RESIDENTIAL



                                     ROWHOUSE BUILDING TYPE
                                     This Building Type is a small- to medium-sized              FRONTAGE OPTIONS       CONTEXT AREAS
                                     attached structure that consists of 2 to 8
                                     rowhouses placed side-by-side.       This Type              LIGHTWELL                DT             MS
                                                                                                                       DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     is typically located within medium-density                  STOOP
                                     neighborhoods or in a location that transitions                                    MSW              NC
                                     from single-family to mixed-use. This Type                  PROJECTING PORCH      MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD
                                     enables well-designed higher densities.       It                                  WATERFRONT        CORE

                                     is an essential Building Type for providing a
                                                                                                                          NE             UR
                                     broad choice of housing types and promoting                                      NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                     walkability.                                                                         EDGE        RESIDENTIAL



                                     DUPLEX BUILDING TYPE
                                     This Building Type is a small- to medium-sized              FRONTAGE OPTIONS       CONTEXT AREAS
                                     detached structure that consists of two side-by-
                                     side or stacked dwelling units, both facing the             STOOP                    DT             MS
                                                                                                                       DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     street and within a single building massing. This           PROJECTING PORCH
                                     Type has the appearance of a medium-sized                                          MSW
                                                                                                 ENGAGED PORCH                           NC
                                     single-family house and is appropriately scaled                                   MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD
                                     to fit in single family neighborhoods. This Type                                  WATERFRONT        CORE

                                     enables well-designed higher densities. It is an
                                     essential Building Type for providing a broad                                        NE             UR
                                                                                                                      NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                     choice of housing types.                                                             EDGE        RESIDENTIAL


                                     DETACHED HOUSE BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                 FRONTAGE OPTIONS       CONTEXT AREAS
                                     This Building Type is a small- to medium-sized
                                     detached structure that incorporates one
                                                                                                 STOOP                    DT             MS
                                     dwelling unit. It is typically located within                                     DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     a primarily single-family neighborhood in a                 PROJECTING PORCH
                                     walkable urban setting. This Type enables well-             ENGAGED PORCH          MSW              NC
                                     designed higher densities. It is an essential
                                                                                                                       MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD
                                                                                                                       WATERFRONT        CORE
                                     Building Type for providing a broad choice of
                                     housing types.                                                                       NE             UR
                                                                                                                      NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                                                                                                          EDGE        RESIDENTIAL



                                     CARRIAGE HOUSE BUILDING TYPE
                                     This Building Type is an accessory structure                FRONTAGE OPTIONS       CONTEXT AREAS
                                     typically located at the rear of a lot. It typically
                                     provides either a small residential unit or home            Not applicable to        DT             MS
                                                                                                 this Building Type
                                                                                                                       DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     office space above the first floor garage. This
                                     Type is important for providing affordable                                         MSW              NC
                                     housing choices that are integrated into                                          MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD
                                     diverse neighborhoods. This Type shall only be                                    WATERFRONT        CORE

                                     used in conjunction with the Detached House,
                                                                                                                          NE             UR
                                     Duplex, Rowhouse, or Live/Work Building Types.                                   NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                                                                                                          EDGE        RESIDENTIAL



                                     CIVIC BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                 FRONTAGE OPTIONS       CONTEXT AREAS
                                     This Building Type is a small-, medium- or large-
                                     sized detached structure that incorporates uses
                                                                                                 Not applicable to        DT             MS
                                     of special public importance including, but
                                                                                                 this Building Type    DOWNTOWN       MAINSTREET
                                     not limited to municipal buildings, churches,
                                     libraries and schools. Civic Buildings typically                                   MSW              NC
                                     have less form regulations than other Building
                                                                                                                       MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD
                                                                                                                       WATERFRONT        CORE
                                     Types because their prominence within the
                                     community requires more iconic and distinctive                                       NE             UR
                                                                                                                      NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                     form.                                                                                EDGE        RESIDENTIAL


Context Areas represented in black indicate that building is not allowed in that Context Area.


 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                6.7
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                                                      SECTION 2006


2006.07 SUMMARY OF BUILDING TYPES PERMITTED IN EACH CONTEXT AREA
                                                                                                           CONTEXT AREAS
                     BUILDING TYPE
                                                                                                          MSW         NC                NE              UR
                WITH FRONTAGE OPTION                                          DT
                                                                           DOWNTOWN
                                                                                            MS
                                                                                         MAINSTREET    MAINSTREET    NEIGHBORHOOD   NEIGHBORHOOD      URBAN
                                                                                                       WATERFRONT        CORE           EDGE        RESIDENTIAL

                                                  with STOREFRONT          By Right      By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with BALCONY             By Right      By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
MIXED-USE
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE            Conditional   Conditional    Conditional   Conditional    Conditional
                                                  with FORECOURT           By Right      By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH                                                   By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOREFRONT                        By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
         BUILDING
RETAIL

           TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE                          Conditional    Conditional   Conditional    Conditional
                                                  with DRIVE-THROUGH                                                   By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOREFRONT                        By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
         BUILDING TYPE




                                                  with TERRACE                          Conditional    Conditional   Conditional    Conditional
FLEX




                                                  with FORECOURT                         By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with DOORYARD                          By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOREFRONT                                                      By Right       By Right
COTTAGE

                    BUILDING
 RETAIL




                                                  with DOORYARD                                                        By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOOP                                                           By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOREFRONT                        By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
LIVE / WORK




                                                                                                                                                   At corner lots
         BUILDING




                                                  with DOORYARD                          By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right         only
           TYPE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL                         By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                                                                                                                   At corner lots
                                                  with STOOP                             By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right         only
                                                  with FORECOURT                         By Right       By Right       By Right
                    BUILDING TYPE BUILDING TYPE
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with DOORYARD                          By Right       By Right       By Right
 LARGE




                                                  with STOOP                                                           By Right
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH                                                By Right
MULTI-PLEX




                                                  with STOOP                                                           By Right       By Right       By Right
 SMALL




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH                                                By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH                                                   By Right       By Right       By Right
ROWHOUSE




                                                  with LIGHTWELL                         By Right       By Right       By Right
         BUILDING
           TYPE




                                                  with STOOP                             By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH                                                By Right       By Right       By Right
                                                  with STOOP                                                                          By Right       By Right
         BUILDING
DUPLEX

           TYPE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH                                                               By Right       By Right
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH                                                                  By Right       By Right
                    BUILDING TYPE
DETACHED




                                                  with STOOP                                                                          By Right       By Right
 HOUSE




                                                  with PROJECTING PORCH                                                               By Right       By Right
                                                  with ENGAGED PORCH                                                                  By Right       By Right
CARRIAGE HOUSE BUILDING TYPE                                                                                                          By Right       By Right
CIVIC BUILDING TYPE                                                        By Right      By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right       By Right
Shaded areas represent Building Types that are not permitted in specified Context Area.


    6.8                                                                                             DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                              BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                        2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
 1.0 BUILDING TYPE DESCRIPTION
The MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE is a medium- to large-sized typically attached structure. It is intended to provide a vertical
mix of uses with ground floor retail or service uses and upper floor service or residential uses. This Type makes up the primary
component of a main street and downtown, and is a Building Type that can provide street vibrancy and enhanced
walkability.




 2.0 PRECEDENT OF MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
The following images represent precedent examples of the Mixed-Use Building Type. They are intended as examples only
and should be used for inspiration in the creation of this Building Type for projects within the Muskegon Form Based Code
area.




 IMAGE 6.01 MUSKEGON MIXED USE BUILDING ON 3RD STREET
 WITH STOREFRONT FRONTAGE AND ANGLED BUILDING CORNER




                                                                   IMAGE 6.03 MUSKEGON MIXED USE BUILDING ON WEST CLAY
 IMAGE 6.02 MIXED USE BUILDING WITH BALCONY FRONTAGE               AVENUE WITH TERRACE FRONTAGE



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                6.9
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                                                    SECTION 2006
2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
 3.0 BUILDING SIZE AND MASSING
Refer to Illustration 6.01 for Building Type size and massing      ILLUSTRATION 6.01 BUILDING SIZE AND MASS
graphic representation.
        A.	 Building width at front street: 150 feet maximum

       B.	 Building width at front street shall be built to a                                                                             D
                                                                                             ALLEY OR REAR ACCESS
           minimum of 90% of the overall width of the front
           street property line.




                                                                             PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                             PROPERTY LINE
       C.	 Building width at side street: 100 feet maximum

       D.	 Building depth: 20 feet minimum
                                                                                                                                                                    C




                                                                                                                                                      SIDE STREET
       E.	 Maximum site coverage: 100%
                                                                                                                             BUILDING FOOTPRINT

                                                                        D                           A                                A


                                                                                                                              B

                                                                                                          FRONT STREET




 4.0 GROUND FLOOR ACTIVATION AND PEDESTRIAN ACCESS
Refer to Illustration 6.02 for Building Type ground floor          ILLUSTRATION 6.02 GROUND FLOOR ACTIVATION & ACCESS
activation and pedestrian access graphic representation.
       A.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) are required at
           the front street and shall be directly accessed
           from and face the front street.

       B.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) shall occur at
           intervals of not greater than 75 feet along the
           front street.
                                                                             PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                             PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                                                  D
       C.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) at the side
           street (if provided) shall be directly accessed
           from and face the side street.


                                                                                                                                                      SIDE STREET
       D.	 Upper floor units shall be accessed by a                                                                                               C
           common entry along the front or side street.
                                                                                                                             BUILDING FOOTPRINT

       E.	 Optional angled building corner with required                                                                                      E
           entry door. Maximum length of angled wall
           shall be 8 feet.                                                                     A        B                   A       D

                                                                                                          FRONT STREET




 5.0 NUMBER OF UNITS                                               6.0 USE
Number of units per Building Type:                                Building Type use:
     A.	 Required total of 2 units minimum (1 unit at                     A.	 Uses are regulated by Context Area. Refer to
         street level and 1 unit on upper level).                             Section 2005 for permitted uses in each Context
                                                                              Area.




 6.10                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
 SECTION 2006                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                                           2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
   7.0 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
   ILLUSTRATION 6.03 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS                               Refer to Illustration 6.03 for Building Type facade
                                                                                   composition requirements.
                                                                                         A.	 Building shall have a flat roof with parapet.

                                                                      A                     B.	 Building shall have a cornice expression line at
                                                                                                roofline.
                                                                      B
                                                                                            C.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Building facades
                                                                                                facing streets shall have 10% to 50% of the
      E                                                                                         façade be windows between the finish floor
                                                            C                                   line of the second story and bottom of cornice
                                                                                                expression line.

                                                                                            D.	 Transparency Street / Sidewalk Level: Refer
                                                                                                to Building Frontage options for transparency
     D                                                                F                         requirements at the street and sidewalk level.

                                                                                            E.	 Upper windows shall be square or vertically
                                                                                                proportioned with clear glass. Refer to definitions
                                                                                                in Division 11 for clear glass requirements.

                                                                                            F.	 Building shall have an 18” to 32” pilaster or
                                                                                                wall surface every 20 to 40 feet along building
                                                                                                facades facing streets. Pilasters shall extend
                                                                                                vertically from grade to cornice expression line.

   8.0 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT
   ILLUSTRATION 6.04 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT                                    Refer to Illustration 6.04 for Building Type story height
                                                                                   requirements.
                                                                                          A.	 Ground floor ceiling shall be 14 feet minimum.

                                                                                            B.	 Upper floor ceilings shall be 8 feet minimum.

                                                  D                                         C.	 Overall height of Building Type is regulated by
                                   B
                                                                                                Context Area, refer to Section 2005.
                                                                C
                                                                                            D.	 Height of parapet wall shall be between 12”
                                                                                                minimum and 4 feet maximum, measured from
                                  A                                                             roof line.




   9.0 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTIONS
 The Mixed-Use Building Type is required to have 1 of the following 5 frontage configurations applied to the ground level
 floor where it abuts front and side streets, civic space, and / or public rights-of-way.

 Frontage options for the Mixed-Use Building Type are provided in the table below and described on the following pages
 of this sub-section.
                                                                      CONTEXT AREAS
               BUILDING TYPE                                        MSW            NC           NE             UR
                         FRONTAGE OPTION DT            MS                             MAINSTREET     NEIGHBORHOOD    NEIGHBORHOOD       URBAN
MIXED-USE




                                                 DOWNTOWN           MAINSTREET        WATERFRONT         CORE            EDGE         RESIDENTIAL
       BUILDING TYPE




                       with STOREFRONT           By Right           By Right           By Right        By Right        By Right
                       with BALCONY              By Right           By Right           By Right        By Right        By Right
                       with TERRACE              By Right           By Right           By Right        By Right        By Right
                       with FORECOURT            By Right           By Right           By Right        By Right        By Right

                       with DRIVE-THROUGH                                                              By Right        By Right
 Shaded areas represent Public Realm Context Areas where Building Type is not permitted.



   CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                               6.11
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                           SECTION 2006
2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
 9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
DESCRIPTION
The Storefront Frontage Type is applied to the ground level
floor of a Building Type along the front and side streets. It
is typically associated with retail and mixed use buildings.
The storefront shall be designed in a way that promotes
an attractive and convenient shopping experience and
a transparent wall along the sidewalk. Storefronts are at
grade with the sidewalk and are sometimes shaded by
awnings.



                                                                   IMAGE 6.04 MIXED-USE BUILDING WITH STOREFRONT


STOREFRONT LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                   ILLUSTRATION 6.05 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.05 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed at a build-to-line as required by the                                                              PROPERTY LINE
           building site placement requirements in the
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.
                                                                                                                     LINE OF CURB
       B.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the                                                              A
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.




                                                                                                    SIDE STREET
                                                                                                    FRONT OR
                                                                                 BUILDING
                                                                                FOOTPRINT




                                                                                                                     LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                     FACADE

                                                                         PLAN VIEW




                                                                                                                     PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                       A


                                                                                                                     LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                     FACADE


                                                                                                                       B




                                                                         SECTION VIEW                                LINE OF CURB




 6.12                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                   BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                             2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.06 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     STOREFRONT COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.06 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference.
                                                               A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80)
                                                                    percent of the overall length of the first story
                                                                    and shall be interrupted by the required
                                                                    pilasters referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               B.	 Optional transom window may extend over
                                                  K
                                                                   entry recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.

                                                               C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent
                                                                   minimum transparency.
 FINISH FLOOR LINE
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                               D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
                                                  F                feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of
                                                                   the building. The angled wall (the wall that
  B                                                                connects the storefront to the door) in the
                                                  H                recess area shall match the main storefront
                          C                                        window.
  G
                                                               E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent sidewalk
 ADJACENT                  E                                       grade.
 GRADE

                     ELEVATION DIAGRAM
                                                  I            F.	 Required 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
                                                                   expression line above storefront window or
                                                                   transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
                                A                                  shall extend the entire width of the storefront
                                                                   but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
                                                                   referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               G.	Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet
                                                                  high minimum, measured from the adjacent
                         BUILDING INTERIOR                        grade.

                                                               H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have
  D                                                                60% to 80% of the façade be windows between
                                                                   the top of the storefront base and bottom of
                     PLAN DIAGRAM                 J                sign band (or horizontal expression line). Entry
                                                                   door transparency shall be included as part of
                                                                   the required transparency calculation.

                                                               I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

                                                               J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                   spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster
                                                                   or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
                                                                   storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by
                                                                   the sign band or horizontal expression line.

                                                               K.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                   Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                   stories.

                                                               L.	 The storefront frontage may have an angled
                                                                   corner entry as permitted by the specific
                                                                   Building Type. The angled corner entry shall
                                                                   meet the transparency requirements of the
                                                                   storefront frontage and have an entry door.
      M                    M                                   M.	Storefront windows may be replaced with
                                                                  overhead doors. Overhead doors that replace
                                                                  storefront windows are required to meet the
                                                                  transparency requirements in item H. Refer to
IMAGE 6.05 STOREFRONT WITH TRANSPARENT OVERHEAD DOORS
                                                                  Image 6.05.



CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                    6.13
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                         SECTION 2006
2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
 9.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 2: BALCONY
DESCRIPTION
The Balcony Frontage Type contains a recessed balcony
that is applied to the upper level floor of a Building Type
along the front street and a storefront that is applied to
the ground level floor of a Building Type along the front
and side streets. It is always associated with mixed use
buildings.    The balcony-storefront frontage shall be
designed to include an open-air space that is recessed
into the building mass on the upper level(s) and a
storefront that is designed to promote an attractive,
convenient shopping experience and transparent wall
along the sidewalk.
                                                                  IMAGE 6.06 MIXED-USE BUILDING WITH BALCONY-STOREFRONT


BALCONY LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                     ILLUSTRATION 6.07 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.07 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed at a build-to-line as required by the                                                            PROPERTY LINE
           building site placement requirements in the
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.
                                                                                                                   LINE OF CURB
       B.	 Required upper story balcony shall be located
           within the mass of the building.                                                                          A
       C.	 Face of balcony shall align with facade of the




                                                                                                  SIDE STREET
                                                                                                  FRONT OR
           building.                                                            BUILDING
                                                                               FOOTPRINT

       D.	 Storefront is required at the ground level floor.

       E.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper                                                           LINE OF BUILDING
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the                                                          FACADE
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the
                                                                        PLAN VIEW
           encroachment section in Section 2003.




                                                                                                                   PROPERTY LINE



                                                                                                                     A

                                                                                                                   LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                   FACADE

                                                                                           B                         C

                                                                                                                     E

                                                                                                                     D


                                                                        SECTION VIEW                               LINE OF CURB




 6.14                                                          DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                   BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                             2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 2: BALCONY
9.02                                  BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.08 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     BALCONY COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.08 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference.
                                                               A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80)
                                                                    percent of the overall length of the first story
                                                                    and shall be interrupted by the required
  N                                                                 pilasters referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               B.	 Optional transom window may extend over
  L                                                                entry recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.
                                                  K
                                                               C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent
  M                                                                minimum transparency.
                          O
                                                               D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
 FINISH FLOOR LINE
                                                                   feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                  F
                                                                   the building. The angled wall (the wall that
                                                                   connects the storefront to the door) in the
  B
                                                                   recess area shall match the main storefront
                                                                   window.
                                                  H
                                                               E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent sidewalk
                          C
  G                                                                grade.

 ADJACENT                  E
                                                               F.	 Required 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
 GRADE
                                                                   expression line above storefront window or
                                                  I                transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
                     ELEVATION DIAGRAM                             shall extend the entire width of the storefront
                                                                   but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
                                                                   referenced in item J. on this page.
                                A
                                                               G.	Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet
                                                                  high minimum, measured from the adjacent
                                                                  grade.

                                                               H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have
                                                                   60% to 80% of the façade be windows between
                         BUILDING INTERIOR                         the top of the storefront base and bottom of
                                                                   sign band (or horizontal expression line). Entry
                                                                   door transparency shall be included as part of
  D                                                                the required transparency calculation.

                     PLAN DIAGRAM                 J            I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

                                                               J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                   spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster
                                                                   or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
                                                                   storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by
                                                                   the sign band or horizontal expression line.

                                                               K.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                   Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                   stories.

                                                               L.	 Required recessed open-air balcony located
                                                                   within the mass of the building.

                                                               M.	Required balcony columns spaced to match
                                                                  pilaster or wall surface of building (item J.
                                                                  above).

                                                               N.	 Building roof and / or parapet wall at balcony
                                                                   shall extend over balcony and align with
                                                                   building facade.

                                                               O.	Required guardrail or knee wall shall align with
      P                    P                                      building facade.

                                                               P.	 Storefront windows may be replaced with
                                                                   overhead doors. Overhead doors that replace
                                                                   storefront windows are required to meet the
                                                                   transparency requirements in item H. Refer to
IMAGE 6.07 STOREFRONT WITH TRANSPARENT OVERHEAD DOORS              Image 6.07.


CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                    6.15
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                                      SECTION 2006
2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
 9.03 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 3: TERRACE
DESCRIPTION
In a Terrace Frontage Type, the facade of the building
that faces the front street is set back from the right-of-way
line to accommodate an elevated terrace. The terrace
provides circulation along the facade. This Frontage
Type can be used to provide at-grade access while
accommodating a grade change. Frequent steps up
to the terrace are necessary to avoid dead walls and
maximize access. This frontage may also be used in
historic industrial areas to mimic historic loading docks.


                                                                    IMAGE 6.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING WITH TERRACE


TERRACE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                       ILLUSTRATION 6.09 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.09 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The terrace frontage is required to be placed
           at a build-to-line as required by the building site                                                                  PROPERTY LINE
           placement requirements in the Context Area
           section. Refer to Section 2005.                                                                                      LINE OF CURB

       B.	 Building facades with the terrace frontage are
           exempt from the requirement of being placed                                                                            A
           at the build-to-line at the front property line.




                                                                                                                    FRONT
                                                                                                                    STREET
           The leading edge of the terrace is required to
                                                                             BUILDING
           be placed at the build-to-line, or as close as                   FOOTPRINT
           possible to the build-to-line in instances where                                                                       B
           conditions required in item E. on this page
           cannot be met with the terrace at build-to-line.
                                                                                                                                  G
       C.	 Terrace frontages are not permitted on side
           streets.
                                                                          PLAN VIEW

       D.	 Terrace frontages shall not be permitted on
                                                                                          BUILDING FACADE




           more than 50% of the buildings on one block                                                          E
           face.
                                                                                          LINE OF




       E.	 Terrace placement shall provide a minimum
           of 10 feet for sidewalk, pedestrian access, and
           sidewalk furnishing zone between terrace edge
           and line of curb. Clear pedestrian access shall                                                                      PROPERTY LINE
           be maintained at 5 feet minimum.
                                                                                                                                  A
       F.	 Low walls of the terrace that are designed for
           seating are encouraged.                                                                                              LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                                FACADE
       G.	Steps to access terrace shall occur at intervals of
                                                                                                        B
          not greater than 50 feet. Steps may extend into                                                                       TERRACE
          the public right-of-way when the requirements
          of item E. are met.                                                                                                     F

                                                                                      K
       H.	 Terrace depth shall be 5 feet minimum.                                                                                  I

       I.	 Terrace finish level above sidewalk shall be 42
           inches maximum.                                                                                                      LINE OF CURB
                                                                          SECTION VIEW

       J.	 Maximum length of terrace shall be 150 feet.

       K.	 Storefront is required at the ground level floor.
                                                                                                            H




 6.16                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                   BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                             2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 3:
9.03                               2: TERRACE
                                      BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.10 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     TERRACE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.10 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference.
                                                               A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80)
                                                                    percent of the overall length of the first story
                                                                    and shall be interrupted by the required
                                                                    pilasters referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               B.	 Optional transom window may extend over
                                                  K
                                                                   entry recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.

                                                               C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent
                                                                   minimum transparency.
 FINISH FLOOR LINE
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                               D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
                                                  F                feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of
                                                                   the building. The angled wall (the wall that
  B                                                                connects the storefront to the door) in the
                                                  H                recess area shall match the main storefront
                          C                                        window.
  G
                                                               E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent terrace
 ADJACENT                  E                                       grade.
 TERRACE GRADE
                                                  I            F.	 Required 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
                     ELEVATION DIAGRAM                             expression line above storefront window or
                                                                   transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
                                                                   shall extend the entire width of the storefront
                                A                                  but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
                                                                   referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               G.	Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet
                                                                  high minimum, measured from the adjacent
                         BUILDING INTERIOR                        grade of terrace.

                                                               H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have
  D                                                                60% to 80% of the façade be windows between
                                                                   the top of the storefront base and bottom of
                     PLAN DIAGRAM                 J                sign band (or horizontal expression line). Entry
                                                                   door transparency shall be included as part of
                                                                   the required transparency calculation.

                                                               I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

                                                               J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                   spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster
                                                                   or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
                                                                   storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by
                                                                   the sign band or horizontal expression line.

                                                               K.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                   Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                   stories.

                                                               L.	 Storefront windows may be replaced with
                                                                   overhead doors. Overhead doors that replace
                                                                   storefront windows are required to meet the
                                                                   transparency requirements in item H. Refer to
                                                                   Image 6.09.
      L                     L                                  M.	Conditionally Permitting of Frontage: Terrace
                                                                  Frontage is permitted to be used on this Building
                                                                  Type only when adjacent sidewalk and Public
                                                                  Realm conditions present slopes that prevent
IMAGE 6.09 STOREFRONT WITH TRANSPARENT OVERHEAD DOORS
                                                                  consistent at-grade access.



CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                     6.17
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                              SECTION 2006
2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
 9.04 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 4: FORECOURT
DESCRIPTION
In a Forecourt Frontage Type, the facade of the building
that faces the front street is at or near the right-of-way line
and a small percentage of the facade is set back, creating
a small courtyard space. In a storefront forecourt the
courtyard space shall be used as an additional shopping
space or restaurant seating area. The courtyard area is
not covered.




                                                                     IMAGE 6.10 MIXED-USE BUILDING WITH FORECOURT


FORECOURT LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                      ILLUSTRATION 6.11 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.11 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 A minimum of 30% of the building facade of the
           forecourt frontage is required to be placed at
                                                                                                                        PROPERTY LINE
           a build-to-line as required by the building site
           placement requirements in the Context Area
           section. Refer to Section 2005.                                                                              LINE OF CURB
                                                                                      BUILDING
                                                                                     FOOTPRINT
       B.	 Required courtyard shall have a width that is                                                                  A
           twelve (12) feet minimum.




                                                                                                       SIDE STREET
       C.	 Required courtyard shall have a depth of




                                                                                                       FRONT OR
           twelve (12) feet minimum.                                                       B

       D.	 Courtyard area shall be paved. Landscape                                                D
           islands may be used within the space, but may
           not cover more than 40% of the courtyard’s                                                                     A
           ground area (refer to image 6.10 on this page).
                                                                                                                        LINE OF BUILDING
       E.	 Storefront is required at the ground level floor on             PLAN VIEW
                                                                                                                        FACADE
           all sides of courtyard and on building facades
           facing streets, civic space, and rights-of-way.
                                                                                               C
       F.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.

                                                                                                                        PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                          A

                                                                                                                        COURTYARD AREA


                                                                                                                          E

                                                                                                 D

                                                                           SECTION                                      LINE OF CURB
                                                                           VIEW

                                                                                               C




 6.18                                                             DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                   BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                             2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 4:
9.04                               2: FORECOURT
                                      BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.12 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     FORECOURT COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.12 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference for building walls that face the courtyard and
                                                        building walls that face the front and side streets.
                                                               A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80)
                                                                    percent of the overall length of the first story
                                                                    and shall be interrupted by the required
                                                                    pilasters referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                  K
                                                               B.	 Optional transom window may extend over
                                                                   entry recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.

                                                               C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent
                                                                   minimum transparency.
 FINISH FLOOR LINE
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                  F            D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
                                                                   feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of
  B                                                                the building. The angled wall (the wall that
                                                  H                connects the storefront to the door) in the
                          C                                        recess area shall match the main storefront
  G                                                                window.

 ADJACENT                  E                                   E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent sidewalk
 GRADE                                                             grade.
                     ELEVATION DIAGRAM
                                                  I
                                                               F.	 Required 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
                                                                   expression line above storefront window or
                                A                                  transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
                                                                   shall extend the entire width of the storefront
                                                                   but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
                                                                   referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               G.	Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet
                         BUILDING INTERIOR                        high minimum, measured from the adjacent
                                                                  grade.
  D                                                            H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have
                                                                   60% to 80% of the façade be windows between
                     PLAN DIAGRAM                 J                the top of the storefront base and bottom of
                                                                   sign band (or horizontal expression line). Entry
                                                                   door transparency shall be included as part of
                                                                   the required transparency calculation.

                                                               I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

                                                               J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                   spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster
                                                                   or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
                                                                   storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by
                                                                   the sign band or horizontal expression line.

                                                               K.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                   Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                   stories.

                                                               L.	 Storefront windows may be replaced with
                                                                   overhead doors. Overhead doors that replace
                                                                   storefront windows are required to meet the
                                                                   transparency requirements in item H. Refer to
                                                                   Image 6.11.
      L                     L




IMAGE 6.11 STOREFRONT WITH TRANSPARENT OVERHEAD DOORS



CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                    6.19
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                             SECTION 2006
2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
 9.05 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 5: DRIVE-THROUGH
DESCRIPTION
The Drive-through Frontage is identical to the Storefront
Frontage, however it includes an automobile drive-
through at the rear or non-street facing sides. The drive-
through may include a covered structure at the service
window location. This structure is designed to be a
secondary element to the building and is consistent
with the massing, scale, and design of the building. This
frontage is typically associated with retail and mixed-
use buildings and includes a storefront that is designed
in a way that promotes an attractive and convenient
shopping experience.
                                                                       IMAGE 6.12 MIXED-USE BUILDING WITH DRIVE-THROUGH


DRIVE-THROUGH COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS                                 ILLUSTRATION 6.13 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.13 for frontage composition graphic
reference.
       A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80) percent
            of the overall length of the first story and shall be
            interrupted by the required pilasters referenced in
            item J. on this page.

        B.	 Optional transom window may extend over entry
            recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.

        C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent                                                                K
            minimum transparency.

        D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
            feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of the
                                                                        FINISH FLOOR LINE
            building. The angled wall (the wall that connects           SECOND FLOOR
            the storefront to the door) in the recess area shall                                                             F
            match the main storefront window.
                                                                         B
        E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent sidewalk
            grade.                                                                                                           H
                                                                         G                       C
        F.	 Required 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
            expression line above storefront window or
            transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line            ADJACENT                  E
            shall extend the entire width of the storefront             GRADE
            but may be interrupted by the required pilasters                                                                 I
                                                                                            ELEVATION DIAGRAM
            referenced in item J. on this page.

        G.	 Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet high
            minimum, measured from the adjacent grade.                                                 A

        H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have 60%
            to 80% of the façade be windows between the
            top of the storefront base and bottom of sign
            band (or horizontal expression line). Entry door
            transparency shall be included as part of the
            required transparency calculation.                                                  BUILDING INTERIOR

        I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.
                                                                         D
        J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
            spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster                                                                   J
                                                                                            PLAN DIAGRAM
            or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
            storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by the
            sign band or horizontal expression line.

        K.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building Type
            for transparency requirements of upper stories.

        L.	 The storefront frontage may have an angled
            corner entry as permitted by the specific Building
            Type. The angled corner entry shall meet the
            transparency requirements of the storefront
            frontage and have an entry door.



 6.20                                                               DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                                                                              BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                                                                        2006.08 MIXED-USE BUILDING TYPE
9.05 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 5: DRIVE-THROUGH
ILLUSTRATION 6.13 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                                                    DRIVE-THROUGH LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
                                                                                                                    Refer to Illustration 6.13 for frontage location graphic
                                                                                                                    reference.
                                                                                                                           A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
                                                                                                 PROPERTY LINE
                                                                                                                               placed at a build-to-line as required by the
                                                                                                                               building site placement requirements in the
                                                                                                                               Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.
                                                                                                 LINE OF CURB
                                                                                                                           B.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper
                                                                                                   A
                                                                                                                               bays, and projecting signs may extend into the
                                                                                                                               public right-of-way per the requirements of the
                                                                                                                               encroachment section in Section 2003.
                                                            SIDE STREET
                                                            FRONT OR
                          BUILDING
                         FOOTPRINT
                                                                                                                           C.	 Rear     Drive-Through    Zone:   Drive-through
                                                                                                   F                           locations at the rear of the building shall be
                                                                                                                               placed within a rear drive-through zone that is
                                                                                                 LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                               located as follows:
                                                                                                 FACADE                           1.	 0 to 45 feet, measured from rear building
                                                                                                                                      wall.
                  PLAN VIEW

                                                                                                                                 2.	 15 feet minimum, measured from building
                                                                                                                                     walls that face side streets.

                                                                                                                           D.	 Side    Drive-Through    Zone:    Drive-through
                                                                                                                               locations at the non-street facing sides of the
                                                                                                                               building shall be placed within a rear drive-
                                                                                                                               through zone that is located as follows:
                                                                                                 PROPERTY LINE
                                                                                                                                  1.	 0 to 45 feet, measured from side building
                                                                                                                                      wall.

                                                                                                                                 2.	 15 feet minimum, measured from building
                                                                                                   A                                 walls that face front streets.

                                                                                                                           E.	 Drive-through locations shall comply with rear
                                                                                                 LINE OF BUILDING              and side setbacks of the Context Area that the
                                                                                                 FACADE                        lot is in. Refer to Section 2005.

                                                                                                   B                       F.	 Storefront is required at the ground level floor
                                          F                                                                                    at building facades facing streets, civic space,
                                                                                                                               and rights-of-way.

                  SECTION VIEW                                                                   LINE OF CURB




                                                      C.2

                              REAR PROPERTY LINE
    SIDE PROPERTY LINE




                                      C                                                           C.1
                                                              SIDE PROPERTY LINE




                                D
                                           BUILDING
                                                                                   SIDE STREET




                                          FOOTPRINT


    D.2

                                     FRONT PROPERTY LINE


                                           FRONT STREET

                               D.1




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                              6.21
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                SECTION 2006




                          This page left intentionally blank




6.22                                      DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                           BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                             2006.09 RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
 1.0 BUILDING TYPE DESCRIPTION
This RETAIL BUILDING TYPE is a medium- to large-sized typically attached structure. It is intended to provide a single story
building with ground floor retail or service uses. This Type makes up the secondary component of a main street and is a
Building Type that can provide street vibrancy and enhanced walkability.




 2.0 PRECEDENT OF RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
The following images represent precedent examples of the Building Type. They are intended as examples only and
should be used for inspiration in the creation of this Building Type for projects within the Muskegon Form Based Code area.




 IMAGE 6.13 MUSKEGON RETAIL BUILDING ON WESTERN AVENUE           IMAGE 6.14 MUSKEGON RETAIL BUILDING ON PINE STREET WITH
 WITH STOREFRONT FRONTAGE                                        STOREFRONT FRONTAGE




 IMAGE 6.15 MUSKEGON RETAIL BUILDING ON 3RD STREET WITH
 STOREFRONT FRONTAGE                                             IMAGE 6.16 RETAIL BUILDING WITH STOREFRONT FRONTAGE



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                          6.23
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                                                    SECTION 2006
2006.09 RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
 3.0 BUILDING SIZE AND MASSING
Refer to Illustration 6.14 for Building Type size and massing      ILLUSTRATION 6.14 BUILDING SIZE AND MASS
graphic representation.
        A.	 Building width at front street: 150 feet maximum

       B.	 Building width at front street shall be built to a                                                                             D
                                                                                             ALLEY OR REAR ACCESS
           minimum of 90% of the overall width of the front
           street property line.




                                                                             PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                             PROPERTY LINE
       C.	 Building width at side street: 100 feet maximum

       D.	 Building depth: 20 feet minimum
                                                                                                                                                                    C




                                                                                                                                                      SIDE STREET
       E.	 Maximum site coverage: 100%
                                                                                                                             BUILDING FOOTPRINT

                                                                        D                           A                                A


                                                                                                                                 B

                                                                                                          FRONT STREET




 4.0 GROUND FLOOR ACTIVATION AND PEDESTRIAN ACCESS
Refer to Illustration 6.15 for Building Type ground floor          ILLUSTRATION 6.15 GROUND FLOOR ACTIVATION & ACCESS
activation and pedestrian access graphic representation.
       A.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) are required at
           the front street and shall be directly accessed
           from and face the front street.

       B.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) shall occur at
           intervals of not greater than 75 feet along the
           front street.
                                                                             PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                             PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                                                  D
       C.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) at the side
           street (if provided) shall be directly accessed
           from and face the side street.


                                                                                                                                                      SIDE STREET
       D.	 Optional angled building corner with required                                                                                          C
           entry door. Maximum length of angled wall
           shall be 8 feet.                                                                                                  BUILDING FOOTPRINT

                                                                                                                                              D
                                                                                                A        B                   A

                                                                                                          FRONT STREET




 5.0 NUMBER OF UNITS                                               6.0 USE
Number of units per Building Type:                                Building Type use:
     A.	 Required total of 1 unit minimum (1 unit at street               A.	 Uses are regulated by Context Area. Refer to
         level).                                                              Section 2005 for permitted uses in each Context
                                                                              Area.




 6.24                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                                              BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                                                  2006.09 RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
  7.0 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
  ILLUSTRATION 6.16 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS                               Refer to Illustration 6.16 for Building Type facade
                                                                                  composition requirements.
                                                                                        A.	 Building shall have a flat roof with parapet.

                                                                                          B.	 Building shall have a cornice expression line at
                                                                                              roofline.
                                                                     A
                                                                                          C.	 Transparency Street / Sidewalk Level: Refer
                                                                                              to Building Frontage options for transparency
                                                                     B                        requirements at the street and sidewalk level.

                                                                                          D.	 Building shall have an 18” to 32” pilaster or
                                                                                              wall surface every 20 to 40 feet along building
                                                                                              facades facing streets. Pilasters shall extend
                                                                                              vertically from grade to cornice expression line.
   C                                                                 D




  8.0 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT
  ILLUSTRATION 6.17 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT                                    Refer to Illustration 6.17 for Building Type story height
                                                                                  requirements.
                                                                                         A.	 Ground floor ceiling shall be 14 feet minimum.

                                                                                          B.	 Overall height of Building Type is regulated by
                                                                                              Context Area, refer to Section 2005.

                                                  C                                       C.	 Height of parapet wall shall be between 12”
                                                               B                              minimum and 4 feet maximum, measured from
                                A                                                             roof line.




  9.0 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTIONS
The Retail Building Type is required to have 1 of the following 3 frontage configurations applied to the ground level floor
where it abuts front and side streets, civic space, and / or public rights-of-way.

Frontage options for the Retail Building Type are provided in the table below and described on the following pages of
this sub-section.
                                                                     CONTEXT AREAS
               BUILDING TYPE                                        MSW          NC            NE            UR
                       FRONTAGE OPTION
     BUILDING TYPE




                                         DT           MS
RETAIL




                                                                                     MAINSTREET     NEIGHBORHOOD   NEIGHBORHOOD     URBAN
                                                DOWNTOWN           MAINSTREET        WATERFRONT         CORE           EDGE       RESIDENTIAL

                     with STOREFRONT                               By Right           By Right        By Right       By Right
                     with TERRACE                                  By Right           By Right        By Right       By Right
                     with DRIVE-THROUGH                                                               By Right       By Right
Shaded areas represent Public Realm Context Areas where Building Type is not permitted.



  CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                            6.25
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                            SECTION 2006
2006.09 RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
 9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
DESCRIPTION
The Storefront Frontage Type is applied to the ground level
floor of a Building Type along the front and side streets. It
is typically associated with retail and mixed use buildings.
The storefront shall be designed in a way that promotes
an attractive and convenient shopping experience and
a transparent wall along the sidewalk. Storefronts are at
grade with the sidewalk and are sometimes shaded by
awnings.



                                                                   IMAGE 6.17 RETAIL BUILDING WITH STOREFRONT


STOREFRONT LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                   ILLUSTRATION 6.18 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.18 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed at a build-to-line as required by the                                                               PROPERTY LINE
           building site placement requirements in the
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.
                                                                                                                      LINE OF CURB
       B.	 Awnings, canopies, cornices, and projecting
           signs may extend into the public right-of-way                                                                A
           per the requirements of the encroachment
           section in Section 2003.




                                                                                                     SIDE STREET
                                                                                                     FRONT OR
                                                                                 BUILDING
                                                                                FOOTPRINT




                                                                                                                      LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                      FACADE

                                                                         PLAN VIEW




                                                                                                                      PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                        A




                                                                                                                        B

                                                                                                                      LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                      FACADE



                                                                         SECTION VIEW                                 LINE OF CURB




 6.26                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                   BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                    2006.09 RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.19 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     STOREFRONT COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.19 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference.
                                                               A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80)
                                                  K                 percent of the overall length of the first story
                                                                    and shall be interrupted by the required
                                                                    pilasters referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               B.	 Optional transom window may extend over
                                                  F                entry recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.

  B                                                            C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent
                                                                   minimum transparency.
                                                  H
  G                  C                                         D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
                                                                   feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of
 ADJACENT             E                                            the building. The angled wall (the wall that
 GRADE                                                             connects the storefront to the door) in the
                ELEVATION DIAGRAM
                                                  I                recess area shall match the main storefront
                                                                   window.

                           A                                   E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent sidewalk
                                                                   grade.

                                                               F.	 Optional 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
                                                                   expression line above storefront window or
                                                                   transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
                                                                   shall extend the entire width of the storefront
                    BUILDING INTERIOR
                                                                   but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
                                                                   referenced in item J. on this page.
  D
                                                               G.	Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet
                PLAN DIAGRAM                      J               high minimum, measured from the adjacent
                                                                  grade.

                                                               H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have
                                                                   60% to 80% of the façade be windows between
                                                                   the top of the storefront base and bottom of
                                                                   sign band (or horizontal expression line). Entry
                                                                   door transparency shall be included as part of
                                                                   the required transparency calculation.

                                                               I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

                                                               J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                   spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster
                                                                   or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
                                                                   storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by
                                                                   the sign band or horizontal expression line.

                                                               K.	 Refer to Building Type for roof and cornice
                                                                   requirements.

                                                               L.	 The storefront frontage may have an angled
                                                                   corner entry as permitted by the specific
                                                                   Building Type. The angled corner entry shall
                                                                   meet the transparency requirements of the
                                                                   storefront frontage and have an entry door.

                                                               M.	Storefront windows may be replaced with
      M               M                                           overhead doors. Overhead doors that replace
                                                                  storefront windows are required to meet the
                                                                  transparency requirements in item H. Refer to
                                                                  Image 6.18.
IMAGE 6.18 STOREFRONT WITH TRANSPARENT OVERHEAD DOORS



CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                    6.27
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                        SECTION 2006
2006.09 RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
 9.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 2: TERRACE
DESCRIPTION
In a Terrace Frontage Type, the facade of the building
that faces the front street is set back from the right-of-way
line to accommodate an elevated terrace. The terrace
provides circulation along the facade. This Frontage
Type can be used to provide at-grade access while
accommodating a grade change. Frequent steps up
to the terrace are necessary to avoid dead walls and
maximize access. This frontage may also be used in
historic industrial areas to mimic historic loading docks.


                                                                     IMAGE 6.19 TERRACE FRONTAGE WITH STOREFRONT


TERRACE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                        ILLUSTRATION 6.20 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.20 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The terrace frontage is required to be placed
           at a build-to-line as required by the building site                                                    PROPERTY LINE
           placement requirements in the Context Area
           section. Refer to Section 2005.                                                                        LINE OF CURB

       B.	 Building facades with the terrace frontage are
           exempt from the requirement of being placed                                                              A
           at the build-to-line at the front property line. The




                                                                                                      FRONT
                                                                                                      STREET
           terrace is required to be placed at the build-to-
                                                                              BUILDING
           line, or as close as possible to the build-to-line                FOOTPRINT
           in instances where conditions required in item                                                           B
           E on this page cannot be met with the terrace
           at build-to-line.
                                                                                                                    G
       C.	 Terrace frontages are not permitted on side
           streets.
                                                                           PLAN VIEW

       D.	 Terrace frontages shall not be permitted on
           more than 50% of the buildings on one block                                            E
           face.

       E.	 Terrace placement shall provide a minimum
           of 10 feet for sidewalk, pedestrian access, and
           sidewalk furnishing zone between terrace edge
           and line of curb. Clear pedestrian access shall                                                        PROPERTY LINE
           be maintained at 5 feet minimum.
                                                                                                                    A
       F.	 Low walls of the terrace that are designed for
           seating are encouraged.
                                                                                                                  LINE OF BUILDING
       G.	Steps to access terrace shall occur at intervals of                                                     FACADE

          not greater than 50 feet. Steps may extend into                                                         TERRACE
          the public right-of-way when the requirements
          of item E. are met.                                                                                       F
                                                                                          B
       H.	 Terrace depth shall be 5 feet minimum.                                                                    I

       I.	 Terrace finish level above sidewalk shall be 42
           inches maximum.                                                                                        LINE OF CURB
                                                                           SECTION VIEW

       J.	 Maximum length of terrace shall be 150 feet.

       K.	 Storefront is required at the ground level floor.
                                                                                              H




 6.28                                                             DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                   BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                    2006.09 RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 2: TERRACE
9.02                                  BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.21 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     TERRACE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.21 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference.
                                                               A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80)
                                                  K                 percent of the overall length of the first story
                                                                    and shall be interrupted by the required
                                                                    pilasters referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               B.	 Optional transom window may extend over
                                                  F                entry recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.

  B                                                            C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent
                                                                   minimum transparency.
                                                  H
  G                   C                                        D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
                                                                   feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of
 ADJACENT              E                                           the building. The angled wall (the wall that
 TERRACE GRADE                                                     connects the storefront to the door) in the
                                                  I                recess area shall match the main storefront
                                                                   window.
                 ELEVATION DIAGRAM

                                                               E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent terrace
                                                                   grade.
                            A
                                                               F.	 Optional 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
                                                                   expression line above storefront window or
                                                                   transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
                                                                   shall extend the entire width of the storefront
                     BUILDING INTERIOR
                                                                   but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
                                                                   referenced in item J. on this page.
  D
                                                               G.	Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet
                 PLAN DIAGRAM                     J               high minimum, measured from the adjacent
                                                                  grade of terrace.

                                                               H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have
                                                                   60% to 80% of the façade be windows between
                                                                   the top of the storefront base and bottom of
                                                                   sign band (or horizontal expression line). Entry
                                                                   door transparency shall be included as part of
                                                                   the required transparency calculation.

                                                               I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

                                                               J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                   spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster
                                                                   or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
                                                                   storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by
                                                                   the sign band or horizontal expression line.

                                                               K.	 Refer to Building Type for roof and cornice
                                                                   requirements.

                                                               L.	 Storefront windows may be replaced with
                                                                   overhead doors. Overhead doors that replace
                                                                   storefront windows are required to meet the
                                                                   transparency requirements in item H. Refer to
                                                                   Image 6.20.

                                                               M.	Conditionally Permitting of Frontage: Terrace
      L                 L                                         Frontage is permitted to be used on this Building
                                                                  Type only when adjacent sidewalk and Public
                                                                  Realm conditions present slopes that prevent
                                                                  consistent at-grade access.
IMAGE 6.20 STOREFRONT WITH TRANSPARENT OVERHEAD DOORS



CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                    6.29
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                        SECTION 2006
2006.09 RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
 9.03 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 3: DRIVE-THROUGH
DESCRIPTION
The Drive-through Frontage is identical to the Storefront
Frontage, however it includes an automobile drive-
through at the rear or non-street facing sides. The drive-
through may include a covered structure at the service
window location. This structure is designed to be a
secondary element to the building and is consistent
with the massing, scale, and design of the building. This
frontage is typically associated with retail and mixed-
use buildings and includes a storefront that is designed
in a way that promotes an attractive and convenient
shopping experience.
                                                                       IMAGE 6.21 BUILDING WITH DRIVE-THROUGH


DRIVE-THROUGH COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS                                 ILLUSTRATION 6.22 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.22 for frontage composition graphic
reference.
       A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80) percent
            of the overall length of the first story and shall be                                                        K
            interrupted by the required pilasters referenced in
            item J. on this page.

        B.	 Optional transom window may extend over entry
            recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.

        C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent                                                            F
            minimum transparency.
                                                                         B
        D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
                                                                                                                         H
            feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of the
            building. The angled wall (the wall that connects            G                  C
            the storefront to the door) in the recess area shall
            match the main storefront window.
                                                                        ADJACENT             E
        E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent sidewalk           GRADE
            grade.                                                                     ELEVATION DIAGRAM
                                                                                                                         I

        F.	 Required 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
            expression line above storefront window or                                            A
            transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
            shall extend the entire width of the storefront
            but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
            referenced in item J. on this page.

        G.	 Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet high
            minimum, measured from the adjacent grade.
                                                                                           BUILDING INTERIOR
        H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have 60%
            to 80% of the façade be windows between the
                                                                         D
            top of the storefront base and bottom of sign
            band (or horizontal expression line). Entry door
            transparency shall be included as part of the                              PLAN DIAGRAM                      J
            required transparency calculation.

        I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

        J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
            spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster
            or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
            storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by the
            sign band or horizontal expression line.

        K.	 Refer to Building Type for roof and cornice
            requirements.

        L.	 The storefront frontage may have an angled
            corner entry as permitted by the specific Building
            Type. The angled corner entry shall meet the
            transparency requirements of the storefront
            frontage and have an entry door.



 6.30                                                               DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                                                                              BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                                                                                2006.09 RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
9.03 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 3: DRIVE-THROUGH
ILLUSTRATION 6.23 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                                                    DRIVE-THROUGH LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
                                                                                                                    Refer to Illustration 6.23 for frontage location graphic
                                                                                                                    reference.
                                                                                                                           A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
                                                                                                 PROPERTY LINE
                                                                                                                               placed at a build-to-line or within a build-to-
                                                                                                                               zone, depending on building site placement
                                                                                                                               requirements in the Public Realm Context Area
                                                                                                 LINE OF CURB                  section. Refer to Section 2004.

                                                                                                   A
                                                                                                                           B.	 Awnings, canopies, cornices, and projecting
                                                                                                                               signs may extend into the public right-of-way
                                                                                                                               per the requirements of the encroachment
                                                            SIDE STREET
                                                            FRONT OR
                          BUILDING                                                                                             section in Section 2003.
                         FOOTPRINT

                                                                                                   F                       C.	 Rear     Drive-Through    Zone:   Drive-through
                                                                                                                               locations at the rear of the building shall be
                                                                                                 LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                               placed within a rear drive-through zone that is
                                                                                                 FACADE                        located as follows:
                                                                                                                                  1.	 0 to 45 feet, measured from rear building
                  PLAN VIEW
                                                                                                                                      wall.

                                                                                                                                 2.	 15 feet minimum, measured from building
                                                                                                                                     walls that face side streets.

                                                                                                                           D.	 Side    Drive-Through    Zone:    Drive-through
                                                                                                                               locations at the non-street facing sides of the
                                                                                                                               building shall be placed within a rear drive-
                                                                                                 PROPERTY LINE
                                                                                                                               through zone that is located as follows:
                                                                                                                                  1.	 0 to 45 feet, measured from side building
                                                                                                                                      wall.

                                                                                                   A                             2.	 15 feet minimum, measured from building
                                                                                                                                     walls that face front streets.

                                                                                                                           E.	 Drive-through locations shall comply with rear
                                                                                                 LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                 FACADE
                                                                                                                               and side setbacks of the Context Area that the
                                                                                                                               lot is in. Refer to Section 2005.
                                          F                                                        B
                                                                                                                           F.	 Storefront is required at the ground level floor
                                                                                                                               at building facades facing streets, civic space,
                                                                                                                               and rights-of-way.
                  SECTION VIEW                                                                   LINE OF CURB




                                                      C.2

                              REAR PROPERTY LINE
    SIDE PROPERTY LINE




                                      C                                                           C.1
                                                              SIDE PROPERTY LINE




                                D
                                           BUILDING
                                                                                   SIDE STREET




                                          FOOTPRINT


    D.2

                                     FRONT PROPERTY LINE


                                           FRONT STREET

                               D.1




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                                              6.31
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                SECTION 2006




                          This page left intentionally blank




6.32                                      DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                                    BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                                        2006.10 FLEX BUILDING TYPE
 1.0 BUILDING TYPE DESCRIPTION
The FLEX BUILDING TYPE is a medium- to large-sized attached or detached structure, typically built on a large lot. It can be used
to provide a vertical mix of uses with ground floor industrial, service, retail, or residential uses; or it may be a single-use building.
This Type is a primary component in a variety of urban context areas that provide a mix of Building Types.




 2.0 PRECEDENT OF FLEX BUILDING TYPE
The following images represent precedent examples of the Flex Building Type. They are intended as examples only and
should be used for inspiration in the creation of this Building Type for projects within the Muskegon Form Based Code area.




 IMAGE 6.22 AMAZON BUILDING ON WESTERN AVENUE WITH                      IMAGE 6.23 MUSKEGON FLEX BUILDING ON CLAY AVENUE WITH
 DOORYARD FRONTAGE                                                      DOORYARD FRONTAGE




 IMAGE 6.24 HUME BUILDING ON 3RD STREET WITH STOREFRONT                 IMAGE 6.25 MUSKEGON FLEX BUILDING ON WESTERN AVENUE
 FRONTAGE                                                               WITH DOORYARD FRONTAGE



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                      6.33
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                                           SECTION 2006
2006.10 FLEX BUILDING TYPE
 3.0 BUILDING SIZE AND MASSING
Refer to Illustration 6.24 for Building Type size and massing      ILLUSTRATION 6.24 BUILDING SIZE AND MASS
graphic representation.
        A.	 Building width at front street: 200 feet maximum
                                                                                                                              D
       B.	 Building width at front street shall be built to a                                ALLEY OR REAR ACCESS
           minimum of 75% of the overall width of the front
           street property line.




                                                                             PROPERTY LINE
       C.	 Building width at side street: 100 feet maximum

       D.	 Building depth: 20 feet minimum
                                                                                                                                                     C




                                                                                                                                       SIDE STREET
       E.	 Maximum site coverage: 100%
                                                                                                        BUILDING FOOTPRINT
                                                                        D
                                                                                                                A
                                                                                                                          B



                                                                                                           FRONT STREET




 4.0 GROUND FLOOR ACTIVATION AND PEDESTRIAN ACCESS
Refer to Illustration 6.25 for Building Type ground floor          ILLUSTRATION 6.25 GROUND FLOOR ACTIVATION & ACCESS
activation and pedestrian access graphic representation.
       A.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) are required at
           the front street and shall be directly accessed
           from and face the front street.

       B.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) shall occur at
           intervals of not greater than 100 feet along the
           front street.
                                                                             PROPERTY LINE




       C.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) at the side                                                                          D
           street (if provided) shall be directly accessed
           from and face the side street.                                                                  D
                                                                                                                                  C

                                                                                                                                       SIDE STREET
       D.	 Upper floor units may be accessed by a                                                       BUILDING FOOTPRINT
           common entry or lobby along the front or side
           street or at the rear of the building.
                                                                                                    A       B             D




                                                                                                           FRONT STREET




 5.0 NUMBER OF UNITS                                               6.0 USE
Number of units per Building Type:                                Building Type use:
     A.	 Required total of 1 unit minimum.                                A.	 Uses are regulated by Context Area. Refer to
                                                                              Section 2005 for permitted uses in each Context
                                                                              Area.




 6.34                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                                                   2006.10 FLEX BUILDING TYPE
 7.0 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
 ILLUSTRATION 6.26 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS                                Refer to Illustration 6.26 for Building Type facade
                                                                                  composition requirements.
                                                                                        A.	 Building shall have a flat roof with parapet.
                                                                     A
                                                                                           B.	 Building shall have a cornice expression line at
                                                                                               roofline.
                                                                     B
                                                                                           C.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Building facades
                                                                                               facing streets shall have 10% to 50% of the
   E                                                                                           façade be windows between the finish floor
                                                      C                                        line of the second story and bottom of cornice
                                                                                               expression line.

                                                                                           D.	 Transparency Street / Sidewalk Level: Refer
                                                                                               to Building Frontage options for transparency
                                                                     F                         requirements at the street and sidewalk level.
   D
                                                                                           E.	 Upper windows shall be square or vertically
                                                                                               proportioned with clear glass. Refer to definitions
                                                                                               in Division 11 for clear glass requirements.

                                                                                           F.	 Building shall have an 18” to 32” pilaster or
                                                                                               wall surface every 20 to 40 feet along building
                                                                                               facades facing streets. Pilasters shall extend
                                                                                               vertically from grade to cornice expression line.

 8.0 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT
 ILLUSTRATION 6.27 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT                                     Refer to Illustration 6.27 for Building Type story height
                                                                                  requirements.
                                                                                         A.	 Ground floor ceiling shall be 14 feet minimum.

                                                                                           B.	 Upper floor ceilings shall be 8 feet minimum.

                                                 D                                         C.	 Overall height of Building Type is regulated by
                               B
                                                                                               Context Area, refer to Section 2005.
                                                              C
                                                                                           D.	 Height of parapet wall shall be between 12”
                                                                                               minimum and 4 feet maximum, measured from
                               A                                                               roof line.




 9.0 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTIONS
The Flex Building Type is required to have 1 of the following 4 frontage configurations applied to the ground level floor where it
abuts front and side streets, civic space, and / or public rights-of-way.

Combination of Frontages: For Flex Building Types, more than one frontage may used on the same building at front and / or side
streets.

Frontage options for the Flex Building Type are provided in the table below and described on the following pages of this sub-
section.
                                                                                           CONTEXT AREAS
                        BUILDING TYPE                                                     MSW         NC                NE              UR
                      FRONTAGE OPTION                DT
                                                DOWNTOWN
                                                                      MS
                                                                  MAINSTREET         MAINSTREET     NEIGHBORHOOD    NEIGHBORHOOD       URBAN
    BUILDING TYPE




                                                                                     WATERFRONT         CORE            EDGE         RESIDENTIAL
FLEX




                    with STOREFRONT                                By Right           By Right        By Right        By Right
                    with TERRACE                                   By Right           By Right        By Right        By Right
                    with FORECOURT                                 By Right           By Right        By Right        By Right
                    with DOORYARD                                  By Right           By Right        By Right        By Right
Shaded areas represent Public Realm Context Areas where Building Type is not permitted.


 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                6.35
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                             SECTION 2006
2006.10 FLEX BUILDING TYPE
 9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
DESCRIPTION
The Storefront Frontage Type is applied to the ground level
floor of a Building Type along the front and side streets. It
is typically associated with retail and mixed use buildings.
The storefront shall be designed in a way that promotes
an attractive and convenient shopping experience and
a transparent wall along the sidewalk. Storefronts are at
grade with the sidewalk and are sometimes shaded by
awnings.



                                                                    IMAGE 6.26 FLEX BUILDING WITH STOREFRONT


STOREFRONT LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                    ILLUSTRATION 6.28 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.28 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed within a build-to-zone, as required by                                                               PROPERTY LINE
           building site placement requirements in the
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.
                                                                                                                       LINE OF CURB
       B.	 The ground area between the front and side
           street property lines and the building façade                                                                 A
           shall have one of the following treatments
           depending on distance from the property line.




                                                                                                      SIDE STREET
                                                                                                      FRONT OR
               1.	 Distance between building façade and                           BUILDING
                   property line is zero (0) to ten (10) feet:                   FOOTPRINT

                   Ground area shall be paved to match                                                                   B
                   public sidewalk.
                                                                                                                       LINE OF BUILDING
              2.	 Distance between building façade and                                                                 FACADE
                  property line is greater than ten (10) feet:
                                                                          PLAN VIEW
                  Ground area shall be landscaped with
                  a sidewalk connecting the entry door to
                  the public sidewalk. Sidewalk connecting
                  entry door and public sidewalk shall have
                  a width that is equal to the width of the
                  widest part of the entry door recess.

              3.	 Ground area may be paved at distances
                  greater than ten (10) feet when outdoor                                                              PROPERTY LINE
                  seating is proposed per approval of
                  Planning Director and / or Planning
                  Commission.
                                                                                                                         A
       C.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the                                                             LINE OF BUILDING
           encroachment section in Section 2003.                                                                       FACADE


                                                                                                                         C




                                                                          SECTION VIEW                                 LINE OF CURB




                                                                    HATCHED AREA REPRESENTS THE BUILD-TO-ZONE. REFER TO
                                                                    SECTION 2005 FOR THE LOCATION OF BUILD-TO-ZONE FOR
                                                                    SPECIFIC CONTEXT AREAS.



 6.36                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                   BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                       2006.10 FLEX BUILDING TYPE
9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.29 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     STOREFRONT COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.29 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference.
                                                               A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80)
                                                                    percent of the overall length of the first story
                                                                    and shall be interrupted by the required
                                                                    pilasters referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               B.	 Optional transom window may extend over
                                                  K
                                                                   entry recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.

                                                               C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent
                                                                   minimum transparency.
 FINISH FLOOR LINE
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                               D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
                                                  F                feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of
                                                                   the building. The angled wall (the wall that
  B                                                                connects the storefront to the door) in the
                                                  H                recess area shall match the main storefront
                          C                                        window.
  G
                                                               E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent sidewalk
 ADJACENT                  E                                       grade.
 GRADE

                     ELEVATION DIAGRAM
                                                  I            F.	 Optional 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
                                                                   expression line above storefront window or
                                                                   transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
                                A                                  shall extend the entire width of the storefront
                                                                   but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
                                                                   referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               G.	Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet
                                                                  high minimum, measured from the adjacent
                         BUILDING INTERIOR                        grade.

                                                               H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have
  D                                                                60% to 80% of the façade be windows between
                                                                   the top of the storefront base and bottom of
                     PLAN DIAGRAM                 J                sign band (or horizontal expression line). Entry
                                                                   door transparency shall be included as part of
                                                                   the required transparency calculation.

                                                               I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

                                                               J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                   spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster
                                                                   or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
                                                                   storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by
                                                                   the sign band or horizontal expression line.

                                                               K.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                   Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                   stories.

                                                               L.	 Storefront windows may be replaced with
                                                                   overhead doors. Overhead doors that replace
                                                                   storefront windows are required to meet the
                                                                   transparency requirements in item H. Refer to
                                                                   Image 6.27.
      L                     L




IMAGE 6.27 STOREFRONT WITH TRANSPARENT OVERHEAD DOORS



CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                    6.37
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                                SECTION 2006
2006.10 FLEX BUILDING TYPE
 9.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 2: TERRACE
DESCRIPTION
In a Terrace Frontage Type, the facade of the building
that faces the front street is set back from the right-of-way
line to accommodate an elevated terrace. The terrace
provides circulation along the facade. This Frontage
Type can be used to provide at-grade access while
accommodating a grade change. Frequent steps up
to the terrace are necessary to avoid dead walls and
maximize access. This frontage may also be used in
historic industrial areas to mimic historic loading docks.


                                                                   IMAGE 6.28 FLEX BUILDING WITH TERRACE


TERRACE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                      ILLUSTRATION 6.30 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.30 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The terrace frontage is required to be placed
           within a build-to-zone as required by the                                                                      PROPERTY LINE
           building site placement requirements in the
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.                                                                   LINE OF CURB

       B.	 Building facades with the terrace frontage are                               B                                   A
           exempt from the requirement of being placed




                                                                                                        FRONT STREET
           within the build-to-zone at the front and side
           property lines. The terrace is required to be
                                                                            BUILDING
           placed within the build-to-zone.                                FOOTPRINT
                                                                                                                            D
       C.	 Terrace frontages shall not be permitted on
           more than 50% of the buildings on one block
           face.                                                                                                            G

                                                                                                                          LINE OF BUILDING
       D.	 The ground area between the front property                                                                     FACADE
                                                                         PLAN VIEW
           lines and the front edge of the terrace shall be
           paved to match the public sidewalk. In cases
           where steps project beyond the front edge of                                             E
           the terrace, the area adjacent to and in line
           with the steps may be landscaped.

       E.	 Terrace placement shall provide a minimum
           of 10 feet for sidewalk, pedestrian access, and
           sidewalk furnishing zone between terrace edge                                                                  PROPERTY LINE
           and line of curb. Clear pedestrian access shall
           be maintained at 5 feet minimum.
                                                                                                                            A
       F.	 Low walls of the terrace that are designed for
           seating are encouraged.                                                                                        LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                          FACADE

       G.	Steps to access terrace shall occur at intervals                                  B
                                                                                                                          TERRACE
          of not greater than 50 feet. Steps may extend
          past the build-to-zone when the requirements                                                                      F
          of item E. are met.
                                                                                        K
                                                                                                                             I
       H.	 Terrace depth shall be 10 feet minimum.

       I.	 Terrace finish level above sidewalk shall be 42                                                                LINE OF CURB
                                                                         SECTION VIEW
           inches maximum.

       J.	 Maximum length of terrace shall be 200 feet.                                         H

       K.	 Storefront is required at the ground level floor.       HATCHED AREA REPRESENTS THE BUILD-TO-ZONE. REFER TO
                                                                   SECTION 2005 FOR THE LOCATION OF BUILD-TO-ZONE FOR
                                                                   SPECIFIC CONTEXT AREAS.



 6.38                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                   BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                       2006.10 FLEX BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 2: TERRACE
9.02                                  BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.31 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     TERRACE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.31 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference.
                                                               A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80)
                                                                    percent of the overall length of the first story
                                                                    and shall be interrupted by the required
                                                                    pilasters referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               B.	 Optional transom window may extend over
                                                  K
                                                                   entry recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.

                                                               C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent
                                                                   minimum transparency.
 FINISH FLOOR LINE
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                               D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
                                                  F                feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of
                                                                   the building. The angled wall (the wall that
  B                                                                connects the storefront to the door) in the
                                                  H                recess area shall match the main storefront
                          C                                        window.
  G
                                                               E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent terrace
 ADJACENT                  E                                       grade.
 TERRACE GRADE
                                                  I            F.	 Optional 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
                     ELEVATION DIAGRAM                             expression line above storefront window or
                                                                   transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
                                                                   shall extend the entire width of the storefront
                                A                                  but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
                                                                   referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               G.	Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet
                                                                  high minimum, measured from the adjacent
                         BUILDING INTERIOR                        grade of terrace.

                                                               H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have
  D                                                                60% to 80% of the façade be windows between
                                                                   the top of the storefront base and bottom of
                     PLAN DIAGRAM                 J                sign band (or horizontal expression line). Entry
                                                                   door transparency shall be included as part of
                                                                   the required transparency calculation.

                                                               I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

                                                               J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                   spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster
                                                                   or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
                                                                   storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by
                                                                   the sign band or horizontal expression line.

                                                               K.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                   Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                   stories.

                                                               L.	 Storefront windows may be replaced with
                                                                   overhead doors. Overhead doors that replace
                                                                   storefront windows are required to meet the
                                                                   transparency requirements in item H. Refer to
                                                                   Image 6.29.
      L                     L                                  M.	Conditionally Permitting of Frontage: Terrace
                                                                  Frontage is permitted to be used on this Building
                                                                  Type only when adjacent sidewalk and Public
                                                                  Realm conditions present slopes that prevent
IMAGE 6.29 STOREFRONT WITH TRANSPARENT OVERHEAD DOORS
                                                                  consistent at-grade access.



CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                    6.39
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                             SECTION 2006
2006.10 FLEX BUILDING TYPE
 9.03 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 3: FORECOURT
DESCRIPTION
In a Forecourt Frontage Type, the facade of the building
that faces the front street is at or near the right-of-way
line and a small percentage of the facade is set back,
creating a small courtyard space. The courtyard space
may be used as an entry court or shared garden space, or
as an additional area for shopping or restaurant seating.
The courtyard area is not covered and extends the entire
height of the building.



                                                                    IMAGE 6.30 FLEX BUILDING WITH FORECOURT


FORECOURT LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                     ILLUSTRATION 6.32 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.32 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 A minimum of 30% of the building facade of
           the forecourt frontage is required to be placed
                                                                                                                       PROPERTY LINE
           within the build-to-zone as required by the
           building site placement requirements in the
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.                                                                LINE OF CURB
                                                                                     BUILDING
                                                                                    FOOTPRINT
       B.	 The ground area between the front and side                                                                    A
           street property lines and the main building
           façade shall have one of the following




                                                                                                      SIDE STREET
           treatments depending on distance from the




                                                                                                      FRONT OR
           property line.                                                                 C
               1.	 Distance between building façade and
                   property line is zero (0) to ten (10) feet:                                    E
                   Ground area shall be paved to match
                   public sidewalk.                                                                                      B
             2.	 Distance between building façade and                                                                  LINE OF BUILDING
                 property line is greater than ten (10) feet:             PLAN VIEW
                                                                                                                       FACADE
                 Ground area shall be landscaped with
                 a sidewalk connecting the entry door to
                 the public sidewalk. Sidewalk connecting                                     D
                 entry door and public sidewalk shall have
                 a width that is equal to the width of the
                 widest part of the entry door recess.

             3.	 Ground area may be paved at distances
                 greater than ten (10) feet when outdoor
                 seating is proposed per approval of                                                                   PROPERTY LINE
                 Planning Director and / or Planning
                 Commission.

       C.	 Required courtyard shall have a width that is
           twelve (12) feet minimum.
                                                                                                                       LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                       FACADE
       D.	 Required courtyard shall have a depth of
           twelve (12) feet minimum.
                                                                                                                       COURTYARD AREA
       E.	 Courtyard area shall be paved. Landscape
           islands may be used within the space, but may                                                                 A
           not cover more than 40% of the courtyard’s
           ground area.

       F.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the                 SECTION                                      LINE OF CURB
                                                                          VIEW
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.                                              D


                                                                    HATCHED AREA REPRESENTS THE BUILD-TO-ZONE. REFER TO
                                                                    SECTION 2005 FOR THE LOCATION OF BUILD-TO-ZONE FOR
                                                                    SPECIFIC CONTEXT AREAS.



 6.40                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                 BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                     2006.10 FLEX BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 3:
9.03                               2: FORECOURT
                                      BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.33 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS   FORECOURT COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                      Refer to Illustration 6.33 for frontage composition graphic
                                                      reference for building walls that face the courtyard and
                                                      building walls that face the front and side streets.
                                                             A.	 Entry door(s) shall have 25% minimum
                                                                  transparency.

                                                             B.	 Entry door(s) may be at-grade or raised and
                                                                 accessed by steps.
                                                                    1.	 At-Grade entry door (zero-step) shall
                                                                        have one of the following treatments:
                                                                            ■■ Covered with a supported roof
                                                  E                            (as depicted in the graphic). Roof
                                                                               shall be supported with columns.
                                                                            ■■ Covered with a canopy. Canopy
                                                                               shall be cantilevered or supported
 FINISH FLOOR LINE                                                             by brackets or cables.
 SECOND FLOOR                                                               ■■ Uncovered (with no canopy or
                                                                               supported roof).
                           A                      C                         ■■ Recessed in building wall.
  D
                                                                   2.	 Elevated entry door shall have one of the
 ADJACENT                  B                                           following treatments:
 GRADE                                                                      ■■ Covered with a supported roof.
                 ELEVATION DIAGRAM                                             Roof shall be supported with
                                                                               columns.
                                                                            ■■ Covered with a canopy. Canopy
                                                                               shall be cantilevered or supported
                                                                               by brackets or cables.

                                                                   3.	 Elevated entry doors shall have a stoop
                          BUILDING INTERIOR                            (landing at door) that is minimum 4 feet
                                                                       deep and minimum 4 feet wide.

                                                             C.	 Transparency: Forecourt frontage shall have
  B.3                                            D               10% to 50% of the façade be windows between
                                                                 the adjacent grade and the finish floor line of the
                                B.3                              second story. Entry door transparency shall be
                                                                 included as part of the required transparency
                 PLAN DIAGRAM                                    calculation.

                                                             D.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                 spaced as indicated by Building Type.

                                                             E.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                 Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                 stories.




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                  6.41
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                           SECTION 2006
2006.10 FLEX BUILDING TYPE
 9.04 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 4: DOORYARD
DESCRIPTION
In a Dooryard Frontage Type, the facade of the building
that faces the front street is setback a small distance from
the front and side streets, typically within a build-to-zone.
The front property line is oftentimes defined by a low wall,
fence, or hedge, creating a small dooryard. The dooryard
shall not provide public circulation along the rights-of-
way. The dooryard may be raised or at-grade and is most
often intended for ground floor residential.



                                                                    IMAGE 6.31 FLEX BUILDING WITH DOORYARD


DOORYARD LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                      ILLUSTRATION 6.34 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.34 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed within a build-to-zone as required by
           the building site placement requirements in the                                                           PROPERTY LINE
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.

       B.	 The ground area between the front and side                                                                LINE OF CURB
           street property lines and the main building
           façade shall have one of the following                                                                      A
           treatments depending on distance from the




                                                                                                    SIDE STREET
                                                                                                    FRONT OR
           property line.
               1.	 Distance between building façade and
                   property line is zero (0) to ten (10) feet:                    BUILDING
                                                                                 FOOTPRINT
                   Ground area shall be paved to match                                                                 D
                   public sidewalk.

              2.	 Distance between building façade and                                                                 B
                  property line is greater than ten (10) feet:
                                                                                                                     LINE OF BUILDING
                  Ground area shall be landscaped with                                                               FACADE
                  a sidewalk connecting the entry door to                 PLAN VIEW
                  the public sidewalk. Sidewalk connecting
                  entry door and public sidewalk shall have
                  a width that is equal to the width of the
                  widest part of the entry door recess.

                 Additionally, one of the following
                 landscape elements is required to be
                 placed at the property line when the
                 distance between facade and property                                                                PROPERTY LINE
                 line is greater than ten (10) feet:
                      ■■ A 24” to 42” high brick wall.
                      ■■ A decorative metal fence that is                                                              A
                          42” high maximum.
                      ■■ A continuous hedge that is                                                                  LINE OF BUILDING
                          maintained at a 42” maximum                                                                FACADE
                          height.

              3.	 Ground area may be paved at distances
                  greater than ten (10) feet when outdoor
                  seating is proposed per approval of                                                                  C
                  Planning Director and / or Planning
                  Commission.

       C.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper                                                             LINE OF CURB
                                                                          SECTION VIEW
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.

       D.	 Wells may extend into required setbacks per
           the requirements of the encroachment section             HATCHED AREA REPRESENTS THE BUILD-TO-ZONE. REFER TO
           in Section 2003.                                         SECTION 2005 FOR THE LOCATION OF BUILD-TO-ZONE FOR
                                                                    SPECIFIC CONTEXT AREAS.



 6.42                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                 BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                     2006.10 FLEX BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 4:
9.04                               2: DOORYARD
                                      BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.35 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS   DOORYARD COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                      Refer to Illustration 6.35 for frontage composition graphic
                                                      reference.
                                                             A.	 Entry door(s) shall have 25% minimum
                                                                  transparency.

                                                             B.	 Entry door(s) may be at-grade or elevated and
                                                                 accessed by steps.
                                                                    1.	 At-grade entry door (zero-step) shall
                                                                        have one of the following treatments:
                                                                            ■■ Covered with a supported roof
                                                                               (as depicted in the graphic). Roof
                                                  E                            shall be supported with columns.
                                                                            ■■ Covered with a canopy. Canopy
                                                                               shall be cantilevered or supported
                                                                               by brackets or cables.
 FINISH FLOOR LINE                                                          ■■ Uncovered (with no canopy or
 SECOND FLOOR                                                                  supported roof).
                                                                            ■■ Recessed in building wall.
  D                        A                      C
                                                                   2.	 Elevated entry door shall have one of the
                                                                       following treatments:
 ADJACENT                  B                                                ■■ Covered with a supported roof.
 GRADE                                                                         Roof shall be supported with
                 ELEVATION DIAGRAM                                             columns.
                                                                            ■■ Covered with a canopy. Canopy
                                                                               shall be cantilevered or supported
                                                                               by brackets or cables.

                                                                   3.	 Elevated entry doors shall have a stoop
                                                                       (landing at door) that is minimum 4 feet
                          BUILDING INTERIOR                            deep and minimum 4 feet wide.

                                                             C.	 Transparency: Dooryard frontage shall have
                                                                 10% to 50% of the façade be windows between
  B.3                                            D               the adjacent grade and the finish floor line of the
                                                                 second story. Entry door transparency shall be
                                B.3                              included as part of the required transparency
                                                                 calculation.
                 PLAN DIAGRAM
                                                             D.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                 spaced as indicated by Building Type.

                                                             E.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                 Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                 stories.




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                  6.43
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                SECTION 2006




                          This page left intentionally blank




6.44                                      DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                                BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                2006.11 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
 1.0 BUILDING TYPE DESCRIPTION
The COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE is a small- to medium-sized detached structure. It is intended to provide retail or service
uses at the ground floor. This Type will typically have a residential mass, scale, and composition that allows it to integrate into
adjacent residential areas.




 2.0 PRECEDENT OF COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
The following images represent precedent examples of the Cottage Retail Building Type. They are intended as examples
only and should be used for inspiration in the creation of this Building Type for projects within the Muskegon Form Based
Code area.




 IMAGE 6.32 MUSKEGON COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING ON WEST
 CLAY AVENUE WITH STOOP FRONTAGE                                     IMAGE 6.33 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING WITH STOOP FRONTAGE




 IMAGE 6.34 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING WITH STOREFRONT
 FRONTAGE                                                            IMAGE 6.35 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING WITH STOOP FRONTAGE



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                 6.45
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                                                 SECTION 2006
2006.11 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
 3.0 BUILDING SIZE AND MASSING
Refer to Illustration 6.36 for Building Type size and massing      ILLUSTRATION 6.36 BUILDING SIZE AND MASS
graphic representation.
        A.	 Building width at front street: 30 feet maximum.

       B.	 Building depth: 20 feet minimum                                                   ALLEY OR REAR ACCESS


       C.	 Maximum site coverage: 60%




                                                                             PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                                                SIDE STREET
                                                                                                   BUILDING                      BUILDING
                                                                                                  FOOTPRINT                     FOOTPRINT                     B




                                                                                                                         FRONT STREET


                                                                                                      A                            A




 4.0 GROUND FLOOR ACTIVATION AND PEDESTRIAN ACCESS
Refer to Illustration 6.37 for Building Type ground floor          ILLUSTRATION 6.37 GROUND FLOOR ACTIVATION & ACCESS
activation and pedestrian access graphic representation.
       A.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) are required at
           the front street and shall be directly accessed
           from and face the front street.                                                   ALLEY OR REAR ACCESS

       B.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) at the side
           street (if provided) shall be directly accessed
                                                                             PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                PROPERTY LINE



           from and face the side street.

       C.	 Upper floor units may be accessed by a
           common entry along the front or side street or
                                                                                                      C



                                                                                                                                                SIDE STREET
           at the rear of the building.                                                                                                 C
                                                                                                   BUILDING                      BUILDING
                                                                                                  FOOTPRINT                     FOOTPRINT

                                                                                                                                            B


                                                                                                      A                            A
                                                                                                              FRONT STREET




 5.0 NUMBER OF UNITS                                               6.0 USE
Number of units per Building Type:                                Building Type use:
     A.	 Required total of 1 unit minimum.                                A.	 Uses are regulated by Context Area. Refer to
                                                                              Section 2005 for permitted uses in each Context
       B.	 Cottage Retail Buildings per lot: 2 maximum.                       Area.




 6.46                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                             2006.11 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
 7.0 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
 ILLUSTRATION 6.38 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS                                Refer to Illustration 6.38 for Building Type facade
                                                                                  composition requirements.
                                                                                        A.	 Building shall have a pitched (sloped) roof that
                                                                                            is compatible with the surrounding residential
                                                                     A                      architecture.

                                                                                           B.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Building facades
                                                                                               facing streets shall have 10% to 35% of the
                                                                                               façade be windows between the finish floor
   D                                                                 B                         line of the second story and roof eave.

                                                                                           C.	 Transparency Street / Sidewalk Level: Refer
                                                                                               to Building Frontage options for transparency
                                                                                               requirements at the street and sidewalk level.

                                                                     C                     D.	 Upper windows shall be square or vertically
                                                                                               proportioned with clear glass. Refer to definitions
                                                                                               in Division 11 for clear glass requirements.




 8.0 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT
 ILLUSTRATION 6.39 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT                                     Refer to Illustration 6.39 for Building Type story height
                                                                                  requirements.
                                                                                         A.	 Ground floor ceiling shall be 12 feet minimum.

                                                                                           B.	 Upper floor ceilings shall be 8 feet minimum.

                                                                                           C.	 Overall height of Building Type is regulated by
                                                                                               Context Area, refer to Section 2005.
                                                        C
                         B




                         A




 9.0 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTIONS
The Cottage Retail Building Type is required to have 1 of the following 3 frontage configurations applied to the ground level floor
where it abuts front and side streets, civic space, and / or public rights-of-way.

Frontage options for the Cottage Retail Building Type are provided in the table below and described on the following pages of
this sub-section.

                                                                                           CONTEXT AREAS
                           BUILDING TYPE                                                  MSW         NC                NE              UR
                         FRONTAGE OPTION
       BUILDING TYPE




                                                   DT                 MS
COTTAGE




                                                                                     MAINSTREET     NEIGHBORHOOD    NEIGHBORHOOD       URBAN
                                                DOWNTOWN          MAINSTREET
 RETAIL




                                                                                     WATERFRONT         CORE            EDGE         RESIDENTIAL

                       with STOREFRONT                                                                By Right        By Right
                       with DOORYARD                                                                  By Right        By Right
                       with STOOP                                                                     By Right        By Right
Shaded areas represent Public Realm Context Areas where Building Type is not permitted.


 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                                6.47
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                            SECTION 2006
2006.11 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
 9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
DESCRIPTION
The Storefront Frontage Type is applied to the ground level
floor of a Building Type along the front and side streets. It
is typically associated with retail and mixed use buildings.
The storefront shall be designed in a way that promotes
an attractive and convenient shopping experience and
a transparent wall along the sidewalk. Storefronts are at
grade with the sidewalk and are sometimes shaded by
awnings.



                                                                    IMAGE 6.36 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING WITH STOREFRONT


STOREFRONT LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                    ILLUSTRATION 6.40 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.40 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed within a build-to-zone as required by                                                               PROPERTY LINE
           the building site placement requirements in the
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.
                                                                                                                      LINE OF CURB
       B.	 The ground area between the front and side
           street property lines and the building façade                                                                A
           shall have one of the following treatments




                                                                                                     SIDE STREET
                                                                                                     FRONT OR
           depending on distance from the property line.
               1.	 Distance between building façade and                           BUILDING
                   property line is zero (0) to ten (10) feet:                   FOOTPRINT

                   Ground area shall be paved to match                                                                  B
                   public sidewalk.
                                                                                                                      LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                      FACADE
              2.	 Distance between building façade and
                  property line is greater than ten (10) feet:
                                                                          PLAN VIEW
                  Ground area shall be landscaped with
                  a sidewalk connecting the entry door to
                  the public sidewalk. Sidewalk connecting
                  entry door and public sidewalk shall have
                  a width that is equal to the width of the
                  widest part of the entry door recess.

              3.	 Ground area may be paved at distances
                  greater than ten (10) feet when outdoor                                                             PROPERTY LINE
                  seating is proposed per approval of
                  Planning Director and / or Planning
                  Commission.
                                                                                                                        A
       C.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the
                                                                                                                      LINE OF BUILDING
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the                                                            FACADE
           encroachment section in Section 2003.
                                                                                                                        C




                                                                          SECTION VIEW                                LINE OF CURB




                                                                    HATCHED AREA REPRESENTS THE BUILD-TO-ZONE. REFER TO
                                                                    SECTION 2005 FOR THE LOCATION OF BUILD-TO-ZONE FOR
                                                                    SPECIFIC CONTEXT AREAS.



 6.48                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                  BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                      2006.11 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.41 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     STOREFRONT COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.41 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference.
                                                               A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80)
                                                                    percent of the overall length of the first story
                                                                    and shall be interrupted by the required
                                                                    pilasters referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               B.	 Optional transom window may extend over
                                                                   entry recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.
                                                  K
                                                               C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent
                                                                   minimum transparency.
 FINISH FLOOR LINE
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                               D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
                                                  F                feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of
                                                                   the building. The angled wall (the wall that
  B                                                                connects the storefront to the door) in the
                                                  H                recess area shall match the main storefront
                          C                                        window.
  G
                                                               E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent sidewalk
 ADJACENT                  E                                       grade.
 GRADE

                     ELEVATION DIAGRAM
                                                  I            F.	 Required 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
                                                                   expression line above storefront window or
                                                                   transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
                                A                                  shall extend the entire width of the storefront
                                                                   but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
                                                                   referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               G.	Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet
                                                                  high minimum, measured from the adjacent
                         BUILDING INTERIOR                        grade.

                                                               H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have
  D                                                                60% to 80% of the façade be windows between
                                                                   the top of the storefront base and bottom of
                     PLAN DIAGRAM                 J                sign band (or horizontal expression line). Entry
                                                                   door transparency shall be included as part of
                                                                   the required transparency calculation.

                                                               I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

                                                               J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                   spaced at 20 to 40 feet along building facades
                                                                   facing street. Pilaster or wall surface shall
                                                                   extend the full height of the storefront frontage
                                                                   and shall be terminated by the sign band or
                                                                   horizontal expression line.

                                                               K.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                   Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                   stories.




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                    6.49
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                           SECTION 2006
2006.11 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
 9.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 2: DOORYARD
DESCRIPTION
In a Dooryard Frontage Type, the facade of the building
that faces the front and / or side streets is setback a small
distance from the front and side streets, typically within a
build-to-zone. The front property line is oftentimes defined
by a low wall, fence, or hedge, creating a small dooryard.
The dooryard shall not provide public circulation along
the rights-of-way. The dooryard is at-grade.




                                                                    IMAGE 6.37 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING WITH DOORYARD


DOORYARD LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                      ILLUSTRATION 6.42 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.42 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed within a build-to-zone as required by
           the building site placement requirements in the                                                           PROPERTY LINE
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.

       B.	 The ground area between the front and side                                                                LINE OF CURB
           street property lines and the main building
           façade shall have one of the following                                                                      A
           treatments depending on distance from the
                                                                                                                     LINE OF BUILDING
           property line.                                                                                            FACADE
               1.	 Distance between building façade and                           BUILDING
                   property line is zero (0) to ten (10) feet:                   FOOTPRINT
                                                                                                                       B
                   Ground area shall be paved to match
                   public sidewalk.
                                                                                                                       D
              2.	 Distance between building façade and




                                                                                                    SIDE STREET
                                                                                                    FRONT OR
                  property line is greater than ten (10) feet:
                  Ground area shall be landscaped with
                  a sidewalk connecting the entry door to                 PLAN VIEW
                  the public sidewalk. Sidewalk connecting
                  entry door and public sidewalk shall have
                  a width that is equal to the width of the
                  widest part of the entry door recess.

                 Additionally, one of the following
                 landscape elements is required to be
                 placed at the property line when the
                 distance between facade and property                                                                PROPERTY LINE
                 line is greater than ten (10) feet:
                      ■■ A 24” to 42” high brick wall.
                      ■■ A decorative metal fence that is                                                              A
                          42” high maximum.
                      ■■ A continuous hedge that is
                          maintained at a 42” maximum                                                                LINE OF BUILDING
                          height.                                                                                    FACADE

              3.	 Ground area may be paved at distances
                  greater than ten (10) feet when outdoor                                                              C
                  seating is proposed per approval of
                  Planning Director and / or Planning
                  Commission.

       C.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper                                                             LINE OF CURB
                                                                          SECTION VIEW
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.

       D.	 Wells may extend into required setbacks per
           the requirements of the encroachment section             HATCHED AREA REPRESENTS THE BUILD-TO-ZONE. REFER TO
           in Section 2003.                                         SECTION 2005 FOR THE LOCATION OF BUILD-TO-ZONE FOR
                                                                    SPECIFIC CONTEXT AREAS.



 6.50                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                   BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                      2006.11 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 2: DOORYARD
9.02                                  BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.43 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     DOORYARD COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.43 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference.
                                                               A.	 Entry door(s) shall have 25% minimum
                                                                    transparency.

                                                               B.	 Entry door(s) are required to be at-grade.
                                                                   At-grade entry doors shall have one of the
                                                                   following treatments:
                                                                       1.	 Covered with a supported roof. Roof
                                                                           shall be supported with columns.
                                                  D
                                                                       2.	 Covered with a canopy. Canopy shall be
                                                                           cantilevered or supported by brackets or
                                                                           cables.
                                                                       3.	 Uncovered (with no canopy or supported
 FINISH FLOOR LINE                                                         roof). As depicted in the graphic.
 SECOND FLOOR                                                          4.	 Recessed in building wall.

                                                               C.	 Transparency: Dooryard frontage shall have
                                                  C
                           A                                       10% to 50% of the façade be windows between
                                                                   the adjacent grade and the finish floor line of the
                                                                   second story. Entry door transparency shall be
 ADJACENT                  B                                       included as part of the required transparency
 GRADE                                                             calculation.
                 ELEVATION DIAGRAM
                                                               D.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                   Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                   stories.




                          BUILDING INTERIOR




                 PLAN DIAGRAM




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                    6.51
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                           SECTION 2006
2006.11 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
 9.03 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 3: STOOP
DESCRIPTION
In a Stoop Frontage Type, the facade of the building
that faces the front and / or side streets is setback a small
distance from the front and side streets, typically within a
build-to-zone. The stoop is elevated above the sidewalk.
Steps or a ramp from the stoop may lead directly to the
sidewalk or may be side-loaded.




                                                                   IMAGE 6.38 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING WITH STOOP


STOOP LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                        ILLUSTRATION 6.44 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.44 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed within a build-to-zone as required by
           the building site placement requirements in the                                                           PROPERTY LINE
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.
                                                                                                                     LINE OF CURB
       B.	 The ground area between the front and side                                                                LINE OF BUILDING
           street property lines and the main building                                                               FACADE
           façade shall be landscaped with a sidewalk




                                                                                                    SIDE STREET
                                                                                                    FRONT OR
           connecting the entry door to the public                         BUILDING
                                                                          FOOTPRINT
           sidewalk. Sidewalk connecting stoop and
           public sidewalk shall be minimum 5 feet wide.

       C.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the                                                              B
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.                                                                       A
       D.	 Stoops, wells, and / or steps may extend into                 PLAN VIEW
           required setbacks per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.




                                                                                                                     PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                       A

                                                                                                                     LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                     FACADE

                                                                                                                       D




                                                                                                                     LINE OF CURB
                                                                         SECTION VIEW




                                                                   HATCHED AREA REPRESENTS THE BUILD-TO-ZONE. REFER TO
                                                                   SECTION 2005 FOR THE LOCATION OF BUILD-TO-ZONE FOR
                                                                   SPECIFIC CONTEXT AREAS.



 6.52                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                  BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                      2006.11 COTTAGE RETAIL BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 3:
9.03                               2: STOOP
                                      BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.45 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     STOOP COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.45 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference.
                                                               A.	 Entry door(s) shall have 25% minimum
                                                                    transparency.

                                                               B.	 Entry door(s) are required to be elevated
                                                                   above adjacent grade. Elevated entry doors
                                                                   shall have one of the following treatments:
                                                                      1.	 Covered with a supported roof. Roof
                                                                          shall be supported with columns.
                                                 G
                                                                      2.	 Covered with a canopy. Canopy shall be
                                                                          cantilevered or supported by brackets or
                                                                          cables.

 FINISH FLOOR LINE                                             C.	 Depth of stoop landing shall be 4 feet minimum.
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                               D.	 Width of stoop landing shall be 5 feet minimum.
                                                  F
                             A                                 E.	 Stoop shall be 12” minimum above adjacent
                                                                   grade.

 ADJACENT                                                      F.	 Transparency: Stoop frontage shall have 40% to
 GRADE                                                             60% of the façade be windows between the
                 ELEVATION DIAGRAM                                 adjacent grade and the finish floor line of the
                                                                   second story. Entry door transparency shall be
                                                                   included as part of the required transparency
             E                                                     calculation.

                                                               G.	Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                  Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                  stories.

                          BUILDING INTERIOR




     C                            B




                         D



                 PLAN DIAGRAM




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                  6.53
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                SECTION 2006




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6.54                                      DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                           BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                   2006.12 LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
 1.0 BUILDING TYPE DESCRIPTION
The LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE is a small- to medium-sized attached structure that consists of one dwelling unit above
and/or behind a flexible ground floor space that can be used for residential, service, or retail uses. Both the ground floor
space and the dwelling unit are owned by one entity. This Type is especially appropriate for incubating retail and service
uses and allowing neighborhood retail to expand as the market demands.




 2.0 PRECEDENT OF LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
The following images represent precedent examples of the Live / Work Building Type. They are intended as examples
only and should be used for inspiration in the creation of this Building Type for projects within the Muskegon Form Based
Code area.




 IMAGE 6.39 LIVE / WORK BUILDINGS WITH STOREFRONT AND
 DOORYARD FRONTAGES                                              IMAGE 6.40 LIVE / WORK BUILDING WITH STOREFRONT FRONTAGE




 IMAGE 6.41 LIVE / WORK BUILDINGS WITH STOREFRONT AND
 DOORYARD FRONTAGES                                              IMAGE 6.42 LIVE / WORK BUILDING WITH STOREFRONT FRONTAGE



 CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                          6.55
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                                                               SECTION 2006
2006.12 LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
 3.0 BUILDING SIZE AND MASSING
Refer to Illustration 6.46 for Building Type size and massing      ILLUSTRATION 6.46 BUILDING SIZE AND MASS
graphic representation.
        A.	 Building width at front street: 18 feet minimum                                  ALLEY OR REAR ACCESS
            and 36 feet maximum.

       B.	 Building depth: 20 feet minimum.                                                                               D                       D

       C.	 Building may have an attached garage located
           in the rear of the building and accessed from                                             C
           an alley or side street. Attached garage is not




                                                                             PROPERTY LINE
           permitted if a Carriage House is included on
           the parcel.




                                                                                                          PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                              PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                                                              SIDE STREET
       D.	 Building may have a Carriage House in lieu                                                                                          BUILDING                     B
           of an attached garage. Refer to Carriage                                                                                           FOOTPRINT
           House Building Type in Section 2006.18 for
           requirements.

       E.	 Live/Works per run of attached units: 2 minimum,
           8 maximum.
                                                                                                                          FRONT STREET
       F.	 Maximum site coverage: 80% including garage
           or Carriage House.                                                                         A                   A                      A




 4.0 GROUND FLOOR ACTIVATION AND PEDESTRIAN ACCESS
Refer to Illustration 6.47 for Building Type ground floor          ILLUSTRATION 6.47 BUILDING SIZE AND MASS
activation and pedestrian access graphic representation.
       A.	 Entrances to ground floor unit(s) are required to                                 ALLEY OR REAR ACCESS
           be located at the front and / or side street and
           shall be directly accessed from and face the
           street.                                                                                                                                        D

       B.	 Entrances to upper floor unit(s) are required to
           be located at the front and / or side street and
           shall be directly accessed from and face the
                                                                             PROPERTY LINE




           street.
                                                                                                                                                          C
                                                                                                          PROPERTY LINE




                                                                                                                              PROPERTY LINE




       C.	 Ground floor and upper floor unit(s) are required


                                                                                                                                                              SIDE STREET
           to have separate entrances.                                                                                                         BUILDING
                                                                                                                                              FOOTPRINT

       D.	 Carriage House entrances shall be as required
           by the Carriage House Building Type in Section                                                                                                 A
           2006.18.

                                                                                                      A                   C                      A




 5.0 NUMBER OF UNITS                                               6.0 USE
Number of units per Building Type:                                Building Type use:
     A.	 Total of 2 units maximum. Both units shall be                    A.	 Uses are regulated by Context Area. Refer to
         used by the same occupant.                                           Section 2005 for permitted uses in each Context
                                                                              Area.
       B.	 Live / Work Buildings per lot: 2 maximum.

       C.	 An additional unit is permitted if Carriage
           House Building Type is used in conjunction with
           the Live / Work Building.



 6.56                                                           DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
 SECTION 2006                                                                                               BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                                                      2006.12 LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
   7.0 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
   ILLUSTRATION 6.48 FACADE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS                               Refer to Illustration 6.48 for Building Type facade
                                                                                   composition requirements.
                                                                                         A.	 Building may have a flat roof with parapet or a
                                                                       A
                                                                                             pitched (sloped) roof.

       E                                                                                    B.	 Buildings with flat roof shall have a cornice
                                                                       B
                                                                                                expression line at roofline.

                                                                                            C.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Building facades
                                                                                                facing streets shall have 10% to 50% of the
                                                       C                                        façade be windows between the finish floor
                                                                                                line of the second story and bottom of cornice
                                                                                                expression line or eave.

                                                                                            D.	 Transparency Street / Sidewalk Level: Refer
       D                                                               F                        to Building Frontage options for transparency
                                                                                                requirements at the street and sidewalk level.

                                                                                            E.	 Upper windows shall be square or vertically
                                                                                                proportioned with clear glass. Refer to definitions
                                                                                                in Division 11 for clear glass requirements.

                                                                                            F.	 Building shall have an 18” to 32” pilaster or
                                                                                                wall surface every 18 to 36 feet along building
                                                                                                facades facing streets. Pilasters shall extend
                                                                                                vertically from grade to cornice expression line.
   8.0 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT
   ILLUSTRATION 6.49 BUILDING TYPE STORY HEIGHT                                    Refer to Illustration 6.49 for Building Type story height
                                                                                   requirements.
                                                                                          A.	 Ground floor ceiling shall be 12 feet minimum.

                                                                                            B.	 Upper floor ceilings shall be 8 feet minimum.

                                                                                            C.	 Overall height of Building Type is regulated by
                                                                                                Context Area, refer to Section 2005.
                                                                   C
                         B                         D                                        D.	 On Building Type with flat roof option, the height
                                                                                                of parapet wall shall be between 12” minimum
                                                                                                and 4 feet maximum, measured from roof line.
                         A




   9.0 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTIONS
 The Live / Work Building Type is required to have 1 of the following 4 frontage configurations applied to the ground level floor
 where it abuts front and side streets, civic space, and / or public rights-of-way.

 Combination of Frontages: For Flex Building Types, more than one frontage may used on the same building at front and / or side
 streets.

 Frontage options for the Live / Work Building Type are provided in the table below and described on the following pages of this
 sub-section.

                                                                                            CONTEXT AREAS
LIVE / WORK




                               BUILDING TYPE                                               MSW         NC                NE               UR
                             FRONTAGE OPTION        DT
                                                 DOWNTOWN
                                                                       MS
                                                                   MAINSTREET         MAINSTREET     NEIGHBORHOOD    NEIGHBORHOOD       URBAN
         BUILDING TYPE




                                                                                      WATERFRONT         CORE            EDGE         RESIDENTIAL

                         with STOREFRONT                            By Right           By Right        By Right        By Right
                                                                                                                                     At corner lots
                         with DOORYARD                              By Right           By Right        By Right        By Right          only
                         with LIGHTWELL                             By Right           By Right        By Right        By Right
                                                                                                                                     At corner lots
                         with STOOP                                 By Right           By Right        By Right                          only
 Shaded areas represent Public Realm Context Areas where Building Type is not permitted.


   CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                                               6.57
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                             SECTION 2006
2006.12 LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
 9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
DESCRIPTION
The Storefront Frontage Type is applied to the ground level
floor of a Building Type along the front and side streets. It
is typically associated with retail and mixed use buildings.
The storefront shall be designed in a way that promotes
an attractive and convenient shopping experience and
a transparent wall along the sidewalk. Storefronts are at
grade with the sidewalk and are sometimes shaded by
awnings.



                                                                    IMAGE 6.43 LIVE / WORK BUILDING WITH STOREFRONT


STOREFRONT LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                    ILLUSTRATION 6.50 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.50 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed within a build-to-zone as required by                                                                PROPERTY LINE
           the building site placement requirements in the
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.
                                                                                                                       LINE OF CURB
       B.	 The ground area between the front and side
           street property lines and the building façade                                                                 A
           shall have one of the following treatments
           depending on distance from the property line.




                                                                                                      SIDE STREET
                                                                                                      FRONT OR
               1.	 Distance between building façade and                           BUILDING
                   property line is zero (0) to ten (10) feet:                   FOOTPRINT

                   Ground area shall be paved to match                                                                   B
                   public sidewalk.
                                                                                                                       LINE OF BUILDING
              2.	 Distance between building façade and                                                                 FACADE
                  property line is greater than ten (10) feet:
                                                                          PLAN VIEW
                  Ground area shall be landscaped with
                  a sidewalk connecting the entry door to
                  the public sidewalk. Sidewalk connecting
                  entry door and public sidewalk shall have
                  a width that is equal to the width of the
                  widest part of the entry door recess.

              3.	 Ground area may be paved at distances
                  greater than ten (10) feet when outdoor                                                              PROPERTY LINE
                  seating is proposed per approval of
                  Planning Director and / or Planning
                  Commission.
                                                                                                                         A
       C.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the                                                             LINE OF BUILDING
           encroachment section in Section 2003.                                                                       FACADE


                                                                                                                         C




                                                                          SECTION VIEW                                 LINE OF CURB




                                                                    HATCHED AREA REPRESENTS THE BUILD-TO-ZONE. REFER TO
                                                                    SECTION 2005 FOR THE LOCATION OF BUILD-TO-ZONE FOR
                                                                    SPECIFIC CONTEXT AREAS.



 6.58                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                   BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                          2006.12 LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
9.01 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 1: STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.51 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS     STOREFRONT COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                        Refer to Illustration 6.51 for frontage composition graphic
                                                        reference.
                                                               A.	 Storefronts shall extend across eighty (80)
                                                                    percent of the overall length of the first story
                                                                    and shall be interrupted by the required
                                                                    pilasters referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               B.	 Optional transom window may extend over
                                                  K
                                                                   entry recess (as depicted) or follow entry recess.

                                                               C.	 Required entry door shall have fifty (50) percent
                                                                   minimum transparency.
 FINISH FLOOR LINE
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                               D.	 Entry door is required to be recessed three (3)
                                                  F                feet to eight (8) feet from the facade wall of
                                                                   the building. The angled wall (the wall that
  B                                                                connects the storefront to the door) in the
                                                  H                recess area shall match the main storefront
                          C                                        window.
  G
                                                               E.	 Entry door is required to be at adjacent sidewalk
 ADJACENT                  E                                       grade.
 GRADE

                     ELEVATION DIAGRAM
                                                  I            F.	 Required 30” to 42” sign band or horizontal
                                                                   expression line above storefront window or
                                                                   transom. Sign band or horizontal expression line
                                A                                  shall extend the entire width of the storefront
                                                                   but may be interrupted by the required pilasters
                                                                   referenced in item J. on this page.

                                                               G.	Storefront window glass shall be eight (8) feet
                                                                  high minimum, measured from the adjacent
                         BUILDING INTERIOR                        grade.

                                                               H.	 Transparency: Storefront frontage shall have
  D                                                                60% to 80% of the façade be windows between
                                                                   the top of the storefront base and bottom of
                     PLAN DIAGRAM                 J                sign band (or horizontal expression line). Entry
                                                                   door transparency shall be included as part of
                                                                   the required transparency calculation.

                                                               I.	 Required 18” to 30” high storefront base.

                                                               J.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                                                                   spaced as indicated by Building Type. Pilaster
                                                                   or wall surface shall extend the full height of the
                                                                   storefront frontage, by may be interrupted by
                                                                   the sign band or horizontal expression line.

                                                               K.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                   Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                   stories.

                                                               L.	 Storefront windows may be replaced with
                                                                   overhead doors. Overhead doors that replace
                                                                   storefront windows are required to meet the
                                                                   transparency requirements in item H. Refer to
                                                                   Image 6.44.
      L                     L




IMAGE 6.44 STOREFRONT WITH TRANSPARENT OVERHEAD DOORS



CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                    6.59
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                           SECTION 2006
2006.12 LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
 9.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 2: DOORYARD
DESCRIPTION
In a Dooryard Frontage Type, the facade of the building
that faces the front and / or side streets is setback a small
distance from the front and side streets, typically within a
build-to-zone. The front property line is oftentimes defined
by a low wall, fence, or hedge, creating a small dooryard.
The dooryard shall not provide public circulation along
the rights-of-way. The dooryard is at-grade.




                                                                    IMAGE 6.45 LIVE / WORK BUILDING WITH DOORYARD


DOORYARD LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                      ILLUSTRATION 6.52 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.52 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed within a build-to-zone as required by
           the building site placement requirements in the                                                           PROPERTY LINE
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.

       B.	 The ground area between the front and side                                                                LINE OF CURB
           street property lines and the main building
           façade shall have one of the following                                                                      A
           treatments depending on distance from the                                                                 LINE OF BUILDING
           property line.                                                                                            FACADE
               1.	 Distance between building façade and                           BUILDING
                   property line is zero (0) to ten (10) feet:                   FOOTPRINT
                                                                                                                       B
                   Ground area shall be paved to match
                   public sidewalk.
                                                                                                                       D




                                                                                                    SIDE STREET
                                                                                                    FRONT OR
              2.	 Distance between building façade and
                  property line is greater than ten (10) feet:
                  Ground area shall be landscaped with
                  a sidewalk connecting the entry door to                 PLAN VIEW
                  the public sidewalk. Sidewalk connecting
                  entry door and public sidewalk shall have
                  a width that is equal to the width of the
                  widest part of the entry door recess.

                 Additionally, one of the following
                 landscape elements is required to be
                 placed at the property line when the
                 distance between facade and property                                                                PROPERTY LINE
                 line is greater than ten (10) feet:
                      ■■ A 24” to 42” high brick wall.
                      ■■ A decorative metal fence that is                                                              A
                          42” high maximum.
                      ■■ A continuous hedge that is
                          maintained at a 42” maximum                                                                LINE OF BUILDING
                          height.                                                                                    FACADE

       C.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the                                                              C
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.

       D.	 Wells may extend into required setbacks per
           the requirements of the encroachment section                                                              LINE OF CURB
                                                                          SECTION VIEW
           in Section 2003.



                                                                    HATCHED AREA REPRESENTS THE BUILD-TO-ZONE. REFER TO
                                                                    SECTION 2005 FOR THE LOCATION OF BUILD-TO-ZONE FOR
                                                                    SPECIFIC CONTEXT AREAS.



 6.60                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                 BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                        2006.12 LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 2: DOORYARD
9.02                                  BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.53 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS   DOORYARD COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                      Refer to Illustration 6.53 for frontage composition graphic
                                                      reference.
                                                             A.	 Entry door(s) shall have 25% minimum
                                                                  transparency.

                                                             B.	 Entry door(s) are required to be at-grade.
                                                                 At-grade entry doors shall have one of the
                                                                 following treatments:
                                                                     1.	 Covered with a supported roof. Roof
                                                                         shall be supported with columns.
                                                  D
                                                                     2.	 Covered with a canopy. Canopy shall be
                                                                         cantilevered or supported by brackets or
                                                                         cables.
                                                                     3.	 Uncovered (with no canopy or supported
 FINISH FLOOR LINE                                                       roof). As depicted in the graphic.
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                             C.	 Transparency: Dooryard frontage shall have
                                                                 10% to 50% of the façade be windows between
                                                  C
                           A                                     the adjacent grade and the finish floor line of the
                                                                 second story. Entry door transparency shall be
                                                                 included as part of the required transparency
 ADJACENT                  B                                     calculation.
 GRADE

                 ELEVATION DIAGRAM                           D.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                 Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                 stories.




                          BUILDING INTERIOR




                 PLAN DIAGRAM




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                  6.61
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                            SECTION 2006
2006.12 LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
 9.03 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 3: LIGHTWELL
DESCRIPTION
In a Lightwell Frontage Type, the facade of the building
that faces the front and / or side streets is setback a small
distance from the front and side streets, typically within
a build-to-zone. This frontage has a combined elevated
terrace and sunken lightwell between the building wall
and property line. This frontage type buffers residential,
retail, and service uses from urban sidewalks and removes
the private yard from public encroachment.



                                                                    IMAGE 6.46 BUILDING WITH LIGHTWELL FRONTAGE


LIGHTWELL LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                     ILLUSTRATION 6.54 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.54 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed within a build-to-zone as required by
           the building site placement requirements in the                                                            PROPERTY LINE
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.

       B.	 The ground area between the front and side                                                                 LINE OF CURB
           street property lines and the main building
           façade shall have one of the following                                                                       A
           treatments depending on distance from the
           property line.                                                                                             LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                      FACADE
               1.	 Distance between building façade and                      BUILDING
                   property line is zero (0) to ten (10) feet:              FOOTPRINT
                                                                                                                        B
                   Ground area shall be paved to match




                                                                                                     SIDE STREET
                                                                                                     FRONT OR
                   public sidewalk.

              2.	 Distance between building façade and                                                                  F
                  property line is greater than ten (10) feet:
                  Ground area shall be landscaped with
                  a sidewalk connecting the entry door to                 PLAN VIEW
                  the public sidewalk. Sidewalk connecting
                  entry door and public sidewalk shall have
                  a width of 5 feet minimum.

       C.	 Required exterior stair from adjacent sidewalk                                                             PROPERTY LINE
           grade down to sunken lightwell.

       D.	 Required exterior stair from adjacent sidewalk
           grade to elevated terrace.                                                                                   A

       E.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper                                                              LINE OF BUILDING
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the                                                             FACADE
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.
                                                                                                                        D
       F.	 Stoops, wells, and / or steps may extend into
           required setbacks per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.

                                                                          SECTION VIEW                                LINE OF CURB



                                                                                                                        C




                                                                    HATCHED AREA REPRESENTS THE BUILD-TO-ZONE. REFER TO
                                                                    SECTION 2005 FOR THE LOCATION OF BUILD-TO-ZONE FOR
                                                                    SPECIFIC CONTEXT AREAS.



 6.62                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                 BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                        2006.12 LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 3:
9.03                               2: LIGHTWELL
                                      BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.55 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS   LIGHTWELL COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                      Refer to Illustration 6.55 for frontage composition graphic
                                                      reference.
                                                             A.	 Entry door(s) is not required to have
                                                                  transparency.

                                                             B.	 Entry door(s) are required to be elevated.
                                                                 Elevated entry doors shall have one of the
                                                                 following treatments:
                                                                     1.	 Covered with a canopy. Canopy shall be
                                                                         cantilevered or supported by brackets or
                                                  H
                                                                         cables. (As depicted in the graphic).
                                                                     2.	 Uncovered (with no canopy or supported
                                                                         roof).
 FINISH FLOOR LINE
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                             C.	 Depth of required terrace shall be 4 feet
                                                                 minimum and 8 feet maximum.
   A                                              F
                             B
                                                             D.	 Terrace shall be 3 feet minimum above
                                                                 adjacent grade.
 FINISH FLOOR LINE
 FIRST FLOOR
                                                  D          E.	 Depth of required lightwell shall be 6 feet
 ADJACENT                                                        minimum and 10 feet maximum.
 GRADE
                                                             F.	 Transparency First Floor: Lightwell frontage shall
                                                 G               have 10% to 50% of the façade be windows
 FINISH FLOOR LINE                                               between the finish floor line of the first story and
 LIGHTWELL (BASEMENT)
                                                                 the finish floor line of the second story. Entry
                 ELEVATION DIAGRAM                               door transparency shall be included as part of
                                                                 the required transparency calculation.

                          BUILDING INTERIOR
                                                             G.	Transparency Lightwell: Lightwell frontage shall
                                                                have 10% to 30% of the façade be windows
                                                                between the finish floor line of the first story and
                                                                the finish floor line of the lightwell (basement).
   C                                              E
                                                             H.	 Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                 Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                 stories.
                                                  I
                                                             I.	 Required 18” to 32” wide pilaster or wall surface
                 PLAN DIAGRAM
                                                                 spaced as indicated by Building Type.




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                   6.63
BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS                                                                                            SECTION 2006
2006.12 LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
 9.04 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 4: STOOP
DESCRIPTION
In a Stoop Frontage Type, the facade of the building
that faces the front and / or side streets is setback a small
distance from the front and side streets, typically within a
build-to-zone. The stoop is elevated above the sidewalk.
Steps or a ramp from the stoop may lead directly to the
sidewalk or may be side-loaded.




                                                                    IMAGE 6.47 BUILDING WITH STOOP


STOOP LOCATION REQUIREMENTS                                         ILLUSTRATION 6.56 FRONTAGE LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Refer to Illustration 6.56 for frontage location graphic
reference.
       A.	 The building facade(s) are required to be
           placed within a build-to-zone as required by
           the building site placement requirements in the                                                            PROPERTY LINE
           Context Area section. Refer to Section 2005.
                                                                                                                      LINE OF CURB
       B.	 The ground area between the front and side                                                                 LINE OF BUILDING
           street property lines and the main building                                                                FACADE
           façade shall have one of the following




                                                                                                     SIDE STREET
                                                                                                     FRONT OR
           treatments depending on distance from the                        BUILDING
                                                                           FOOTPRINT
           property line.
               1.	 Distance between building façade and
                   property line is zero (0) to ten (10) feet:
                   Ground area shall be paved to match
                   public sidewalk.                                                                                     B

              2.	 Distance between building façade and                                                                  A
                  property line is greater than ten (10) feet:
                  Ground area shall be landscaped with                    PLAN VIEW
                  a sidewalk connecting the entry door to
                  the public sidewalk. Sidewalk connecting
                  entry door and public sidewalk shall have
                  a width of 5 feet minimum.

       C.	 Balconies, awnings, canopies, cornices, upper
           bays, and projecting signs may extend into the
           public right-of-way per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.
                                                                                                                      PROPERTY LINE
       D.	 Stoops, wells, and / or steps may extend into
           required setbacks per the requirements of the
           encroachment section in Section 2003.

                                                                                                                        A

                                                                                                                      LINE OF BUILDING
                                                                                                                      FACADE

                                                                                                                        D




                                                                                                                      LINE OF CURB
                                                                          SECTION VIEW




                                                                    HATCHED AREA REPRESENTS THE BUILD-TO-ZONE. REFER TO
                                                                    SECTION 2005 FOR THE LOCATION OF BUILD-TO-ZONE FOR
                                                                    SPECIFIC CONTEXT AREAS.



 6.64                                                            DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                        2006.12 LIVE / WORK BUILDING TYPE
7.02 BUILDING TYPE FRONTAGE OPTION 4:
9.04                               2: STOOP
                                      BALCONY-STOREFRONT
ILLUSTRATION 6.57 FRONTAGE COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS   STOOP COMPOSITION REQUIREMENTS
                                                      Refer to Illustration 6.57 for frontage composition graphic
                                                      reference.
                                                             A.	 Entry door(s) shall have 25% minimum
                                                                  transparency.

                                                             B.	 Entry door(s) are required to be elevated
                                                                 above adjacent grade. Elevated entry doors
                                                                 shall have one of the following treatments:
                                                                    1.	 Covered with a supported roof. Roof
                                                                        shall be supported with columns.
                                                 G
                                                                    2.	 Covered with a canopy. Canopy shall be
                                                                        cantilevered or supported by brackets or
                                                                        cables.

 FINISH FLOOR LINE                                           C.	 Depth of stoop landing shall be 4 feet minimum.
 SECOND FLOOR
                                                             D.	 Width of stoop landing shall be 5 feet minimum.
                                                  F
                             A                               E.	 Stoop shall be 12” minimum above adjacent
                                                                 grade.

 ADJACENT                                                    F.	 Transparency: Stoop frontage shall have 40% to
 GRADE                                                           60% of the façade be windows between the
                 ELEVATION DIAGRAM                               adjacent grade and the finish floor line of the
                                                                 second story. Entry door transparency shall be
                                                                 included as part of the required transparency
             E                                                   calculation.

                                                             G.	Transparency Upper Stories: Refer to Building
                                                                Type for transparency requirements of upper
                                                                stories.

                          BUILDING INTERIOR




     C                            B




                         D



                 PLAN DIAGRAM




CITY OF MUSKEGON DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE                                                                6.65
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6.66                   DOWNTOWN FORM BASED CODE CITY OF MUSKEGON
SECTION 2006                                                                         BUILDING TYPE STANDARDS
                                                        2006.13 LARGE MULTI-PLEX BUILDING TYPE
 1.0 BUILDING TYPE DESCRIPTION
The LARGE MULTI-PLEX BUILDING TYPE is a medium- to large-sized structure that consis